Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

Ajaccio Napoleon’s Hometown

Ajaccio is not only the birthplace of Napoleon but also has its own attractions and with great charm. A historic center where you can walk through ancient streets where colorful houses abound.

A walls of an ancient citadel. An ideal place to see all the colors of a late Mediterranean sunset. City located in a bay surrounded by mountains, with a mild and pleasant climate all year round. Ajaccio offers a relaxed lifestyle

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon


What to see in Ajaccio

1-The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte: is the house where the BuonaParte family lived (Bonaparte) and where Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769. It is decorated with furniture from that time and many family objects have been preserved (portraits , the genealogical tree, the mortuary mask of the Emperor of France).

2-The Fesch Museum: this museum exhibits the collection of paintings collected by Cardinal Joseph Fesch, uncle of Napoleon. It is one of the most important Italian paintings of the fourteenth to nineteenth centuries, with about 15,000 works. It includes paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Titian and other artists of the Italian Renaissance.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

3-The History Museum of Corsica: It is located in the center of the city. The museum presents unique documents, weapons and dresses, ancient coins, plans. Everything is related to the history of Corsica. It is dedicated to the main figures of Corsa History such as Sampiero Corso, Pasquale Paoli and Napoleón Bonaparte.


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Casamaccioli

Casamaccioli is located in the region of Niolu, a hill in the interior of Corsica, to the north and also surrounded by mountains. Just 20 miles separate from Corte, the old capital of the island.

It is one of the highest and most isolated villages on the island. However, on a special date that is September 8, there is a crowd of people

The date of the birth of the Virgin Mary attracts thousands of people to this mountain town, because here the most important religious festival of Corsica is celebrated: A Santa di u Niolu

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

When arriving at Casamaccioli, in the square in front of the church painted yellow, the procession starts. The bishop goes to the front followed by the wooden madonna and behind several religious brotherhoods

The procession

The procession passes next to several stalls with Corsican culinary specialties, such as Prisutu ham, as soft as lard. Also the lonzu which is a dried sausage outdoors, made from the meat of semi-wild pigs. It highlights calenzana, a milky goat cheese that has a spicy aroma and flavor. The corsa kitchen does not contain the brocciu, a soft fresh cheese made from goat or sheep milk. The farmers and merchants in Casamaccioli sell it in all its forms and variants imaginable

The macchia, is the eternally green Mediterranean scrub in Corsica, and covers more than half the surface of the island. Also spreads through the air the aroma of thyme, rosemary, basil and other natural essences.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

Napoleon Bonaparte, the emperor of France and the most famous Corsican, said that with his eyes blindfolded he could recognize every corner of the island only for its aromas and fragrances.

The migliacci are tortillas baked with fresh brocciu cheese and are a real delicacy. Pietra is a beer made locally. Sip, a little sweet, made of chestnuts . Something different from the bitter flavors that we are used to in beers.

Chestnut is the star product of the island. The islanders use chestnut flour as a basis for numerous dishes and products. For some years it has even been used to make and ferment whiskey.

When to Travel Corsica

Corsica has a Mediterranean climate with dry and very hot summers on the coast. In winter, the climate on the coast is temperate and humid. But in the mountains of the interior of the island it is usual to be covered with snow until well into spring. The best time to visit the island is between the months of May and September

How to get Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

By plane to Bastia and rent a car there. You can also reach Bastia by ferry from Nice. Information about the ferry itinerary: www.corsica-ferries.de. accommodation

On the island there are many good hotels, resorts and holiday homes. You can consult them here

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon: Corsica official web

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Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

Survive the Overturism in Venice

Table of Contents – Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

Overtourism

Venice is exceeded by tourists. They arrive by thousands every day and not everyone knows how to behave. If you travel to Venice we recommend you follow these tips to avoid inconveniences and enjoy that wonderful and historic city

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

In April 2017, the Ministry of Interior of Italy put into effect a so-called “Daspo Urban” law. This law allows police forces to restrict access in certain areas of the localities to individuals considered a possible threat to public order, morals or public decency. This is without necessity without the need for evidence of crime. This applies to vagabonds, but it also began to be applied to tourists within certain areas. Article 9 of the decree establishes a monetary penalty of 100 to 300 euros and an expulsion order from the place where the heho occurred and against any person. This expulsion can be for 48 hours and the recidivism reaches much higher penalties.

Tips to travel venice and be a respectful tourist .Survive the Overturism

 

Dr. Ugo Rossi, a professor at the University of Turin, highlights how city centers have become places for consumption rather than residence. This phenomenon is leading to a series of citizen fears that lead to these contradictions. The need to tourism as a source of income and at the same time reject it for violating the identity of the city. “Examples like the ‘Daspo Urbano’, have to do on the one hand with fear of safety and, on the other, with fears for the loss of authenticity”, ends Professor Rossi saying

►► Maybe you’re interested too: Falling in love – Venice in Two days 

Venice

The city of Venice released some barriers (‘Check Point’) to control the entry of tourists entering the city. The municipal police will be ordered to close the entrance to its historic center in case of excess arrivals.

The authorities have located two barriers in the vicinity of the station of Santa Lucia, the only point of arrival by land: one in the Plaza Roma, next to the bridge of Constitution (Ponte della Costituzione), and another in the opposite, before the bridge of the barefoot (Ponte degli Scalzi)

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

The City of Venice has decided to facilitate the mobility of residents in front of the huge number of tourists visiting the city. It must be taken into account that in the city of Venice (the main islands) there are only 50,000 inhabitants, and that 4,000,000 people visit it per year. At the last Carnival in Venice, more than 200,000 tourists were received. 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

Overtourism at the Carnival

In the last venice carnival the authorities of Venice restricted the passage to certain zones of the historical center: Only those who have the Venezia Unica Card, a card for residents and habitual visitors, will be able to pass. With this ordinance, tourists will be able to continue visiting the most popular sites but they will have to use alternative streets The fines for those who skip the rules range from 25 to 500 euros.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 The commune of Venice will give priority access to the Venetians to take the vaporetto: They are boats of public transport, with terminal station in Santa Lucia with which to move from one point to another of the city and the islands. For that reason in Santa Lucia and other stops more, there will be two rows. One for tourists and another priority for residents. In addition, the price of the trip, about 7.5 euros, will go to 1.5 euros for residents who have a special card.

In recent times there have been a proliferation of groups calling for the banning of cruises and the disembarkation of passengers in the historic center.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

  • Do not use the Selfie stick indoors. Especially churches
  • Ask as little as possible.
    • Seven out of ten people who travel through Venice are also tourists. Use your smartphone to navigate with Google Maps or another application (MapsMe or similar)
      Search the information of the places you are going to visit or stay and download it in your Goodle maps. You can use the information from your phone online or use the GPS of your smartphone
  • Only eat if you have a place to sit. 
    • Do not sit on the stairs of monuments or churches to eat or drink.
  • Use the flash for photo only where it is enabled.
  • Respect the environment and artistic wealth
    • do not litter,
    • do not vandalize with graffiti,
    • or padlocks.
    • Do not give food to the pigeons.
    • Especially not to throw objects or liquids to the channels
  • Respect the vaporetto’s tails.
    • Check if there is one for tourists and another for residents.
  • Dress appropriately.
    • Keep in mind that some places have restrictions on clothing. Especially the churches that are many and worth visiting them all.
  • Take care of your belongings.
    • Passports, credit cards or anything that carries value or serves to identify it. Thieves exist everywhere in the world.
  • Do not listen to what other travelers say or advise. Report yourself
  • Learn basic dialogues of the country you are going to visit:
    • The attitude of any person changes how they speak in their language. 
      Both the service in the restaurants and your experience in the place will change radically just by knowing the dialogues of survival of the language of the country you visit: presentation dialogues, please and thank you, basic questions and the numbers from 1 to 10. Since you have Two choices of people in your visit: either people hate tourists or people hate tourists who do not try to speak the language. And both can be avoided with knowing the basics of the language, apart it will be easier for you to make friends and know the culture of the place if you know a bit of their language … You will be surprised to know how many people would also like to talk with you

      • Thank you /Grazie
      • Please / Prego
      • Hello / Ciao
      • Good Bye / Arrivederci
      • Excuse me / Scusami
      • Yes / Si
      • No / No

For more information about restrictive measures in the circulation of people in Venice Consult the Wen of the Commune of Venice in summer 2018 clik  here : Exceptional measures for visitor flow management in Venice – Summer 2018

Milan and Florence

In 2017, the Mayor of Milan established important restrictions in one of the main areas of the city destined for nocturnal nightlife. It is the darsena included in Barrio dei Navigli. It is forbidden to carry plastic bottles, drinks cans and also selfie sticks. The authorities say that the intention is to change the customs of those who come, especially tourists. This measure in a temporary moment, is about to become permanent. Milan is not the only city that is taking measures to restrict the habits of tourists. Or the tourists themselves.

Since April 2017, the mayor of the city of Florence, Dario Nardella, began watering the stairs of the most visited churches during the midday hours. The reason for such an eccentric measure is that tourists take advantage of the stairs to sit and have lunch. He says that the stairs of the temples are not restaurants, but religious and cultural places that deserve respect.

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Rome

The Mayor of the City of Rome Virginia Raggi, demanded that the Roman monuments be honored by all who visit it. That was when I presented the latest measures to protect the sources of the City of Rome against the maladjusted tourists. Sanctions were established for throwing liquids, and throwing objects at sources. It is only allowed to throw coins. There are also sanctions for eating meals and drinks outside of the authorized places.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist

 

Sources:

  1. milano.repubblica.it
  2. Venice City – Comune di Venezia
  3. bolognatoday.it
  4. iltirreno.gelocal.it
  5. corriere.it
  6. nytimes.com

end – Travel venice and be a respectful tourist

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Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Pompeii was really so obscene? : A little (very little) of History.

Table of Contents – Traveling to a Different Pompeii

 

Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii, we will answer that question.  Pompeii is located in the south of Italy. barely two hours away by train from Rome. The story is quite familiar. The city is located on the slopes of Vesuvius, a volcano that on August 24, 79 AD, broke and buried the city in a sea of ​​ash. More than 20,000 people died in that event.
It remained in oblivion until the eighteenth century, when under the domination the location of this city was rediscovered (the name was not even known) and excavations began.

Frescoe - Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different PompeiiT

The Excavations Show

Thermal baths, luxury residences, freediving houses, gymnasiums, artisan workshops and brothels were gradually appearing. In those places there were architectural remains such as mosaics, frescoes and sculptures. Some of them almost intact.
These findings speak of a sophisticated, well-off and evolved life. We must bear in mind that part of the aristocracy of the Roman era, had its villas in Pompeii and made tourism in that city and on the nearby island of Capri.

Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Also appeared part of the erotic life of pompeii. frescoes, murals, sculptures, lamps, amulets and even artifacts that we do not yet know their use and meaning.

House of the Epigrama - Satyr that hugs a Nymph. -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Wide Freedom of Customs

Touring the streets and houses of Pompeii, the paintings and bas-reliefs with erotic motifs ranging from “Satyr and Maenad” (House of the Faun) or “Pan and the Hermaphrodite” (House of the Dioscuri), Some are sexually explicit as the ” Priapus with his phallus “(House of the Vetii).

Phallus Lantern - Archaeological Museum of Naples -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Phallus Lantern – Archaeological Museum of Naples

The paintings are not limited to private places, such as the lupanar (brothel) or public baths, but can also be seen inside private homes, gardens and public use spaces shared by all. You have in the streets with phalluses signaling the sense of traffic.

Centennial House - Fresco of the two lovers-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Centennial House – Fresco of the Two Lovers

Phalluses on The Streets

One of the possible explanations was these images had ritual or religious value, and linked the phallic figures with the force generating or creating nature. They were also used to give good luck to a commercial establishment. 

Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity – Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

 

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Under protection of the gods

Erotic artifacts were found from the seventeenth century, and accumulated outside the view of the public in the Borbonic Museum (now Archaeological Museum of Naples), where I created a special room to store them.

Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity -Pompeii was really so obscene?

Gabinetto Segreto – Obscene Objects Cabinet

In 1817 a first selection of artifacts was made to exhibit in the museum. In 1819, King Francis I of the Two Sicilies visited the Pompeii exhibition and the National Archaeological Museum of Naples with his wife and daughter. There he was scandalized with erotic art in such a way that he ordered it to be removed from the public view and confined to a secret room. Then the objects classified as obscene and indecent, were confined to the special room without any kind of order and the door was sealed at that time. Only in 1860 the room was opened and the artifacts were inventoried.

Tintinnabulum - Lucky Bells - Archaeological Museum of NaplesTraveling to a Different Pompeii
Tintinnabulum – lucky bells – Archaeological Museum of Naples

 

The secret room (Gabinetto Segreto in Italian) was opened with a special order obtained only by mature gentlemen of good manners. Also after having paid a large amount of money. In the same ruins of Pompeii, screens were placed on frescoes and obscene paintings and only with special invitation and payment were they shown to select tourists.

Lupanar - Brothel - Pompeii (2)-Pompeii was really so obscene?-
Lupanar – Brothel – Pompeii

Over the years the room remained closed until Giuseppe Garibaldi ordered it to be opened again. That happened in 1860 during the Italian unification and when Garibaldi conquered Naples in that year

Lupanar - Brothel - Pompeii (3) -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Lupanar – Brothel – Pompeii

 

In 1866 a catalog of artifacts was published, but from that moment the official censorship of the Kingdom of Italy was restricting access until it was closed, in accordance with the customs and political winds of the moment.

Centennial House - Ménade and Satyr-Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Centennial House – Ménade and Satyr

At the time of the Mussolini Dictator visits were forbidden for not agreeing the vision of the new Italy (pure) with obscene artifacts of the ancient Romans. In the Fascist era, it could be visited with express authorization from the Ministry of Education.

House of the Fauno -satyr and nymph-Pompeii was really so obscene?
House of the Fauno -Satyr and Nymph

 

The censorship

The censorship was maintained after the end of the war until 1967, where the work of cataloging and restoring the artefacts of the obscene room was resumed.

House of the caccia antiqua. Tablinum. Fresco by Polyphemus and Galatea - Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
House of the caccia Antiqua. Tablinum. Fresco by Polyphemus and Galatea – Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

The room was definitely reopened to the public since April 2000. While there is no censorship of any kind, there is a legend that warns about the special content of the room. In addition, children under 14 can only enter if accompanied by their parents or teachers

House of Cecilio Giocondo Pompeii-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
House of Cecilio Giocondo – Pompeii

Tips to visit pompeii

  • Arrive early in the morning. Complete travel takes the whole day.
  • Wear comfortable shoes. Yes possible trekking shoes.
  • Most of the streets are made of stone blocks. Be guided when walking.
  • Bring sunscreen.
  • Head protection Hats, caps.
  • Take a guide, Arming a tour before going to avoid losing time.If you do not go on a guided tour, check the schedule of the last train to Naples or Sorrento.

How to get to Pompeii

From Rome.

Train to the central station of Naples. Then in the same central station, in the subsoil is the local Trans-Vesuvian train. Ask about the Pompeii- Scavi station. The departure of trains in this station is somewhat chaotic with schedules and cancellations, ask until you make sure. This station has several branches and only one reaches the ruins of Pompeii, You can also take a bus, although we do not recommend it.

From Sorrento

Transvesuvian train in the direction of the central station of Naples. Ask about the Pompeii- Scavi station.

 

More info: Archaeological Museum of Naples

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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love

During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built over its ruins. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.Table of Contents – Capri & Ischia


Capri : Exclusive Tourism from the Roman Empire

Capri is an island located at the southern end of the Bay of Naples in Italy. It was already known in the Roman Empire for its beautiful landscapes. The Romans made this island a tourist destination and a place of summer residence. Today it is one of the main tourist places in the Naples area next to the island of Ischia and the city of Naples itself.

anacapri and . Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Landscape Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Blue Grotto ( Grotta Azzurra)

One of its best known natural sites is the Blue Grotto. It is a dark cavern where the sea shines through the entrance with an electric blue color. There are a variety of exclusive hotels and rest villas.

Blue Grotto . Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

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Under protection of the gods

Capri Tips

  • Rent a boat for a half-day with a private driver. He or she will take you to swim amongst all of the most amazing caves
  • Rent an excursion to go around the island. But the additional of entering the blue grotto that is unmissable (you have to pay extra)

Ship trip. Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

  • Walking through the streets of capri is a unique experience. Spectacular landscapes at the end of each street
  • Visit Villa Krupp. Residence at the beginning of the 20th century of the owner of the famous armament factory. Hot is a park with unique views

  • Visit  Materita Tower. Old medieval tower of Anacapri, was later converted into a residence. Built in 1378, by the monks of the Charterhouse of San Giacomo, to defend against Saracen attacks.

  •  Villa Damecuta: Located in Anacapri, Damecuta is one of the severals imperial Roman villas, and little survives of it. Its plant has a gallery porticada towards the Gulf of Naples, topped by a semicircular viewpoint. During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.

Bay of Naples Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia: The Island of Amazing Landscapes

Bay of ischia : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Bay of Naples : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The island of ischia was occupied and inhabited since before the Roman Empire. The Romans did not take care of this island, considering it unstable because of its continued earthquakes.

view from Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Island suffered continuous invasions for more than 1500 years of all the neighboring towns until the crown of Aragon conquered and built a castle. Today it is a place of exclusive villas and hotels. It has many sandy beaches with amenities for tourists.

Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Aragonese Castle

Recommend a visit to the Aragonese Castle. We recommend visiting the building and learning its history. Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

How to Get

From Naples. get to the port of Naples. There are some boxes where different companies sell the round trip tickets (or one way) to Ischia, Capri, Salerno, Positano, and Sorrento. Consult the schedules of the last boat, since they vary according to the season of the year.

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The History of Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Historic Evolution of Tourism

Table of Contents

Tourism is a series of trips made for pleasure or for commercial, professional or similar reasons, during which the absence of habitual residence is only temporary.
 
Modern tourism was born in the XIX century, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution, with displacements between distant places, with the main intention of developing leisure, rest, culture, health, business or family relations.

These movements are differentiated by their purpose of other types of travel originated by wars, migratory movements or conquest. But tourism has many historical antecedents.

Ancient Age Tourism: Greece

In 776 BC, the first Olympic Games were held, which consisted of athletic competitions in honor of the gods of Olympus. Artistic and athletic offerings were offered as a gift. Many times sacrifices and prayers were also performed in honor of some god in particular.

 Acropolis - Atenas -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Acropolis – Atenas – Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

Although lesser known, the Pitios, Ismios and Nemeos festivals were also celebrated. These celebrations mobilized a large number of people, who of course, needed transportation and roads to travel. The roads system was very similar to that of the Persians and they usually traveled on foot or by donkey.os Ismios y los Nemeos.

Greece had a network of inns that only offered a bed for the night. They did not have dining rooms or bathrooms

It is also known that in each city public baths were built, open to everyone, where tourists of that time had to bring their own towels. They took off their clothes and kept them in special lockers, and then a slave took care of the hygiene with jars of hot and cold water.

Acropolis & Pyramids

Pilgrimages to the different temples of Greece and to the oracles were very common. the most important one was that of Apollo in Delphi and among the most visited sanctuaries is the one of Esculapio, god of medicine.

The Greek lands also offered medicinal baths. Also seaside resorts, theater festivals and the opportunity to see monuments such as the Acropolis of Athens. The Acropolis are from the fifth century BC became one of the most visited sites in the world ancient along with the pyramids of Egypt. These were two of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

The Greeks visited other regions, such as Egypt. In most cases these visits were for military or trade matters, although it is known that the pyramids attracted many tourists.

Roman Theater - Orange - France Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Roman Theater – Orange – France

Proxenos

In ancient Greece there were offices called proxenos. Here foreigners were received (it is remembered that foreigners did not have any kind of rights because of their status as non-citizens). It was for people who had problems to return to their city or country.

They could also need lodging, or even a loan to continue their trip. Many times the managers of these almost consular offices, arranged with merchants passages in boat where the tourists could take their own servants, offering them food and drink.

Slaves & Tourism

In classical Greece free men gave great importance to leisure, and devoted it to culture, entertainment, religion and sport. We must remember that all these activities could only be done by free men of the upper class or the Nobles. Many slaves were also available at that time.

Approximately seven slaves for each free man. It is for this reason that tourism was an exclusive activity of wealthy class that moved with servants, slaves and a considerable guard for protection. The tourist activity that was not religious or to attend the Olympic games was scarce.

Amphitheaters & Odeon of Lyon (France) -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Amphitheaters & Odeon of Lyon (France)

Tourism in the Roman Empire

During Roman Empire the Romans frequented thermal waters and great spectacles, like the theaters, and the coliseums. They made trips to the Mediterranean coast in the city of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Campania area (near Naples).Also the island of Capri, where there were summer residences. The Emperor Tiberius had a villa on the island of Capri (today you can visit its ruins).
 
These pleasure trips were possible due to Pax Romana, the development of communication routes. They also influenced economic prosperity due to the trade that allowed the creation of an upper class. And of course free time.
 

 

A Bit of Roman History

During the empire (27 BC to 476 AD) begins a period of absolutism in Rome, where the emperor was chosen by the army. With Octavio Augusto (first emperor) the Pax Romana was achieved, which lasted approximately 200 years. In this epoch is where the Roman tourism had its maxima.
 
The empire was divided into provinces that in turn were divided into Municipium and Coloniae.  It is depending on their legal hierarchy Each territorial division had services for public enjoyment and entertainment, which were sometimes visited by inhabitants of other territories.
 

 

All Roads Lead to Rome

These attractions were temples, circus maxima, pantheons, basilicas, markets, amphitheatres and theaters. All the provinces and colonies communicated through a network of roads, roads and roads, which began to be built around 150 BC, covering some 100,000 miles. This allowed to reach the entire empire from Scotland and Germany to Egypt, Persia and Crimea
 
Roman Roads -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
 
There were stone signs indicating the distance to the next city, the name of the road, its construction date and its constructor Every 10 miles approx. There were some posts where travelers could change their exhausted horses and even eat. It was through these trade routes that tourism was developed as a secondary activity. Maritime routes were also used, being the main ports those of Alexandria, Ostia and Cartago Nova.
 
Triumph Arch in Via Domitia - Saint Remy de Provence - (France)- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Triumph Arch in Via Domitia – Saint Remy de Provence – (France)
 
 

Tourism: Only the Upper Class

The Roman citizens were very fond of tourism, in most cases for pleasure. We must consider that it is the same case as the Greeks. Only free noble and upper class men could afford a tourist transfer. This transfer included servants, slaves, clients and armed escort. This was both by land and by sea. 
 
The only documented case of the displacement of a high class and noble character was that of Caton. Senator and Roman governor of Hispania (Present Spain). Caton was mobilized on foot or on horseback with only one servant. The day he left to be governor he sold the horse so as not to cause more expenses to the treasury. Needless to say, his example was not imitated by anyone.
 
Roman Theater - Orange -- (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Roman Theater – Orange – France — Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
 
Returning to the main theme, tourism among the Romans included a displacement overnight at least one night and less than a year to a place of destination. All this done, of course, in free time. They had a lot of free time, getting to have 200 holidays a year (in 345 AD)
 

Non-Religious Tourism

The Romans traveled to see the temples of the Mediterranean, the pyramids and monuments of Egypt. Also to attend the Olympic Games in Greece and the prosperous markets of Asia Minor. In these markets there were many exotic items never seen in Rome, with which to decorate the villas of Campania.

They also hired local guides and consulted papyri that explained a certain area and their entertainment possibilities. They were the tour guides of that time. Of course they bought something smaller as souvenirs and had a tendency to engrave the traveler’s name on the stones of the monuments they visited. This was at the request of the inhabitants, since the prestige of a noble visitor attracted more tourists.

Temple of Juno - Nimes - (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Temple of Juno – Nimes – (France)

The trips were made for pleasure, business or health or religious issues. Religious tourism and pilgrimages to both Greek and Roman temples became part of almost every tourist itinerary. But it was not about devotion but about entertainment. These temples were visited by tourists who in some cases were no longer sacred places, but monuments to visit. (almost equal to what happens today in the Catholic churches of Europe)

Weekend Roman Villas: Capri & Pompeii

The Romans also liked to spend a leisure time away from the city and used to move to the Campania (Naples). From the time of the empire of Octavius ​​Augustus, the Senate was no longer an institution of power. The emperor reigned and were not consulted.

The senators retired to live in the countryside, near Rome but away from it. The area chosen was Campania, Cities such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Tivoli, Beneventum and Islands such as Capri, where luxury villas were built. Infrastructure was also built as additional roads, ports, passenger ships, inns and markets.

The houses in the city of Rome became the second residence and the country villa the habitual residence. You find the infrastructure was also built in those compestres places. Amphitheatres (Pompeii), circus maxima, thermal baths and medicinal baths. all this thanks to the pax romana that lasted approximately 250 years from the reign of Octavius Augustus.

Emperor Caracalla built in Rome the baths that bear his name. They were public baths that had steam rooms, pools of hot water (caldarium) and cold (frigidarium), gymnastics, rest and massage rooms. There were also writing rooms, libraries and gardens. 

On the island of Capri, the Tiberian emperor built a luxurious villa with a swimming pool. You can still visit today’s day

Amphitheaters for all

The construction of the Maximum Circus and the Colosseum in Rome, led to tourism also going in the other direction. Inhabitants of the entire empire wished to know Rome. The network of roads, security and the pax romana contributed to a flow of tourists to the Rome.

They also built amphitheatres like the Colosseum in Rome and theaters in other cities, which also enjoyed a fair share of tourists. We can name the theater of Orange (France) and the amphitheaters of Nimes and Arles (France).  That amphitheaters can be visited nowadays and in a very good state of conservation.

 

amphitheaters of Nimes and Arles (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Amphitheaters of Nimes (France)

My Darling, and if We Visit Esparta?

During the Roman domination in Greece, the city of Sparta, powerful and famous in other times became a focus of tourism on the part of the Roman upper class. Sparta no longer had possibilities of any kind, military or economic or political. But focused on their ancestral military education to young people. The education of the It was so hard that it became a tourist attraction in itself

Amphitheater in Sparta Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Amphitheater in Sparta

The ritual combats that had traditionally been fought in the shrine of Artemis Ortia, under Roman domination, became the dimastígosis (they existed for a long time) ,  where the children were scourged and sometimes even death. Also the Romans had a deep curiosity to discover how a city so feared in its time, I am reduced to a town of goat herders and a circus military education.

Cicero tells in the Tusculanas (II 34) how Spartan education and its excesses had become a spectacle that attracted tourists. The crowd that comes to the show is so numerous that it was necessary to build an amphitheater in front of the temple to welcome it. This show attracted tourists until the fourth century of our era. Documented by Libanio in his Discourses, (I, 23).

Triumph Arch in Via Agrippa - Orange - (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Triumph Arch in Via Agrippa – Orange – (France)

End of the first part : Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

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Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Century

Advertising and Travel: Vessels

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, many shipping lines that transported mail and some passengers transformed their ships into luxury  Vessels . It was no longer just the flow of immigrants to America. It was a transportation business by sea. And luxury in many cases. This is a brief history of the passengers who crossed the Atlantic oceans on ships. And of the graphic advertisements of that time

Gallery


Traveling on Sailboats

In 1818, the Black Ball Line shipping company offered the first regular passenger service from the United Kingdom to the United States with a fleet of sailing ships, offering comfort services to passengers. A few years later numerous companies followed their example offering their services around the world.

In 1840, the ship of the British shipping company Cunard Line, the RMS Britannia began its first regular passenger and cargo service performed by a steamship, sailing from Liverpool to Boston. But sailboats still maintained a dominant position in passenger traffic
In 1845, the SS Great Britain became the first propeller-driven iron-hulled ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

  .

Fighting for the Passengers

In the British market, the Cunard Line and the White Star Line maintain a fierce competition from the purchase of the latter company by Thomas Ismay in the late 1860s. The competition is focused on shortening the time between the United Kingdom and New York

In 1899, the White Star Line introduced a new type of boat with the name of RMS Oceanic. The construction of the RMS Oceanic marked a point of inflection from which the White Star stopped competing in speed to offer more comfort and luxury to its passengers.

Cunard Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Century

The enlarging Market: Germany

In 1897, Germany appeared in the shipping market of the eltantico with the SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse of Norddeutscher Lloyd. A few years later three more twin ships, belonging to the Kaiser class, were added. This ship was the first to own four. The ship would only have needed two for the operation of its boilers, but a larger number of chimneys gave passengers a greater sense of security and was used as a marketing argument

In 1900, the shipping company HAPAG launched the SS Deutschland, also equipped with four chimneys and built to develop high speed. but this increase in speed caused vibrations in the structure of the ship, so it lost market given the discomfort of traveling in those conditions

Normandie Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th CenturyCunard Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Centurywhite star line Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Century

Larger and Faster Passenger  

In 1902, Cunard built two new ocean liners, the RMS Lusitania and the RMS Mauretania, designed to reach a cruising speed of close to 24 knots.

In 1911, the White Star Line launched the RMS Olympic the first of three vessels of 45,000 gross tons, (Olympic class). The other two vessels were to the RMS Titanic and the HMHS Britannic.

In 1912, the RMS Titanic sank after colliding with an iceberg, leaving a balance of more than 1,500 people dead. The HMHS Britannic sank November 21 while crossing the Kea channel (Aegean Sea), in the Greek archipelago by an explosion caused by a mine. In this shipwreck 29 people died.

And the war took the Vessels

Before starting WWI, the shipping line Hamburg America Line ordered the construction of three large giant ships, the SS Imperator, SS Vaterland and SS Bismarck, all with more than 51,500 gross tons. The Imperator was launched in 1912, and the Bismarck (later renamed the RMS Majestic) would be the largest ship in the world until 1935.

These ships were not in service with the Hamburg America Line before the First World War. After the war, they were handed over as war reparations after the German defeat, and awarded to the British and American shipping companies. The Vaterland was the SS Leviathan of the United States Lines; the Imperator became the RMS Berengaria and the Bismarck became the RMS Majestic. Respectively of the Cunard and the White Star Line

 

Passengers and Crews at War

The outbreak of the First World War interrupted the transatlantic commercial trips by the activity of German submarines. In 1915, the RMS Lusitania, in service as a civilian passenger ship, was attacked and torpedoed by a German U-boat. It was sunk in the coast of Ireland with a loss of life of 1,200 passengers and crew.

Large ocean liners, such as the RMS Mauretania and the RMS Olympic, were required for the transport of troops and hospital ships, while smaller ships became armed merchant cruisers. The HMHS Britannic, entered into service in the war as a hospital ship as soon as it was completed, a task he performed for a year before being sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea.

 Titanic Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Century

The Golden Years Returned

After the WWI ended, bigger and faster ships continued to be built. In 1929, the German ships SS Bremen and SS Europe exceeded the speed record set by the Mauretania twenty years earlier, with an average speed of almost 28 knots. The ships used new hydrodynamic designs at the bow and new steam turbines to reach these speeds .

In 1933, the Italian transatlantic SS Rex of 51,300 tons, with a crossing time of four days and thirteen hours, broke the record of the Atlantic crossing. In 1935, the French liner SS Normandie used a new and revolutionary helmet design and a powerful turbo-electric transmission to beat the record again.
Due to the crisis of 1929 the British government merged the Cunard Line and the White Star Line. The new company called Cunard White Star Line, built the RMS Queen Mary and the RMS Queen Elizabeth. Two of the most luxurious ships of that time

 

 

 

The Experience of Traveling in Imperial Airways

imperial airways Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Centuryimperial airways Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Centuryimperial airways Advertising & Travel at the Beginning of the 20th Century

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Quick guide to Travel to France by Car

Travel to France by Car

Table of Contents

 

 Are you planning to make a road trip through France?

  • Do you plan to rent a car in France to get to know the country?
  • Do you want to travel to France by car but have no idea what to do first?
  • What is necessary to travel around France and enjoy it, without having a nervous breakdown?
  • Do you go to another country in Europe and have to cross France by road?
  • Will you need to have an car accident lawyer on standby in case you’re involved in an accident?

Okay. The first thing that is needed is a lot of money. If you have it, stop reading and book a luxury hotel here. This post is not for you.

Now, if you have a more limited budget. This is the right place

Here we go

Automobile club de France

Know what are the rules of circulation in France

If you have ever driven in any foreign country or if it is the first time you do it, you should know that France is a country where you travel in a similar way as in the United States of America. The rules that you must respect are very similar

Accessories for the car and the trip

Leer másQuick guide to Travel to France by Car

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🌋 Walking Erotic Pompeii: Vettii House

Vettii House: Pompeii – Italy

The House of the Vettii in Pompeii, famous for its erotic paintings, can now be visited, although the most surprising environments still remain closed to tourists.

Walking Erotic Pompeii Vettii House- Italy

Pompeii was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.  The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum are one of the main tourist attractions in Italy.

Leer más🌋 Walking Erotic Pompeii: Vettii House

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Vintage Ads

Vintage Ads in Spanish & English

These graphic advertisements appeared in Spanish-language magazines between the 1890s and 1930s.  They refer to different goods and services, some that seem amazing to us. 

The ones shown below are Cigarettes, olive oil, chocolates and spirit

Traveling Vintage Ads

Vintage Ads in Spanish Cognac Martell
Cognac Martell
Vintage Ads in Spanish Monterrey Cigarettes
Spanish Monterrey Cigarettes

 

Vintage Ads in Spanish Chocolate Noel
Chocolate Noel

 

Vintage Ads in Spanish PINERAL
Vintage Ads in Spanish PINERAL

 

Vintage Ads in Spanish Olive OIL Boccanegra
Vintage Ads in Spanish Olive OIL Boccanegra

 If you liked this article may be you would like to know the history of the ancient treadwheel crane of the Strasbourg Cathedral in France

For more Vintage Ads see our  site in Pinterest

Ancient Ads in 19th century ( wikipedia )

In the 19th century advertisements started to appear in weekly newspapers in England. A leadership in British ads was held by Cope Bros & Co tobacco company, founded in Liverpool in 1848 by Thomas and George Cope.

In June 1836, the French newspaper La Presse was the first to include paid advertising in its pages.

In Britain, outdoor advertising was based on hoardings (billboards): England 1835, by John Orlando Parry

In London Thomas J. Barratt was hailed as “the father of modern advertising”.Working for the Pears Soap company, Barratt created an effective advertising campaign for the company products, which involved the use of targeted slogans, images and phrases. One of his slogans, “Good morning. Have you used Pears’ soap?” was famous in its day and into the 20th century.

An advertising tactic that he used was to associate the Pears brand with high culture and quality. Most famously, he used the painting Bubbles by John Everett Millais as an advertisement by adding a bar of Pears soap into the foreground. Barratt continued this theme with a series of adverts of well groomed middle-class children, associating Pears with domestic comfort and aspirations of high society.

Traveling Vintage Ads

A 1900 British ad for soap

Barratt introduced many of the crucial ideas that lie behind successful advertising and these were widely circulated in his day. He constantly stressed the importance of a strong and exclusive brand image for Pears and of emphasizing the product’s availability through saturation campaigns. He also understood the importance of constantly reevaluating the market for changing tastes and mores, stating in 1907 that “tastes change, fashions change, and the advertiser has to change with them. An idea that was effective a generation ago would fall flat, stale, and unprofitable if presented to the public today. Not that the idea of today is always better than the older idea, but it is different – it hits the present taste.

Traveling Vintage Ads

Traveling Vintage Ads

 

United States[edit]

In the United States around 1840, Volney B. Palmer set up the first advertising agency in Philadelphia. In 1842 Palmer bought large amounts of space in various newspapers at a discounted rate then resold the space at higher rates to advertisers. The actual ad – the copy, layout, and artwork – was still prepared by the company wishing to advertise; in effect, Palmer was a space broker. The situation changed in the late 19th century when the advertising agency of N.W. Ayer & Son was founded in New York. It planned, created, and executed complete advertising campaigns for its customers. It created a number of memorable slogans for firms such as De Beers, AT&T and the U.S. Army.[12]

Traveling Vintage Ads

J. Walter Thompson Co. promotes high-powered advertisement, 1903

By 1900 the advertising agency had become the focal point of creative planning, and advertising was firmly established as a profession. [13] At first, agencies were brokers for advertisement space in newspapers. N. W. Ayer & Son was the first full-service agency to assume responsibility for advertising content. N.W. Ayer opened in 1869, and was located in Philadelphia.[13]

The amount of space available in newspapers grew rapidly. The Boston Transcript published in 19,000 “agate lines” Of advertising in 1860, 87,000 in 1900, and 237,000 in 1918.

this is an extract of the full note that you can see on wikipedia

 

 

Traveling Vintage Ads

Traveling Vintage Ads

Vintage Ads in Spanish PINERAL

 

 

 

 

 

 

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