History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Decoration and Architects of Chenonceau Castle

You can know the history of a building through the works of its builders. This is the History of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau.

The castle we know today was built on the demolition of an old fortress and a fortified mill owned by the Marques family. From that time only the tribute tower that was modified in the style of the time and its new owners survives. It was built by Thomas Bohier, Intendant General of Finance of King Francisco I of France between 1513 and 1521. The main part is rectangular (50 x 55 meters) where the hallways and rooms are. In charge of overseeing the construction was his wife Katherine Briçonnet, since her husband was busy with the matter in court.

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Gardens and architects of the castle of chenonceau

At the death of Mr. Thomas Bohier the crown ordered an audit of the kingdom’s finances. The results were charges against Thomas Bohier for misappropriating funds against the crown, for which his assets were expropriated. The crown recovered the royal dominion over the castle and at the same time King Francisco I gave it to his favorite Diana de Poitiers, Duchess of Valentinois.

Related post : Three days in Paris

As of that moment the destiny of the Chenonceau castle was marked by the presence of six more women. Here we detail them and the brands that they printed until today, the most visited castle in France.

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

 

Diana de Poitiers 1499 – 1566

King Henry II gave the Chateau de Chenonceau to his favorite, Diana de Poitiers in 1547. Diana commissioned Pacello da Mercoliano to design and build the gardens, which were the most beautiful of that time. The architect Philibert de l’Orme was entrusted with the task of building a bridge over the cher river in order to extend the gardens to the other shore. Diana de Poitiers managed to get Francisco I of France to settle in the place next to the whole court.

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Catherine de Médicis 1519 – 1589

Henry II, King of France, died of injuries caused accidentally while participating in a tournament in 1559. Catherine de Médicis, wife of the deceased monarch, became the regent of the Kingdom of France, since her children were younger than age. Catherine forced Diana de Poitiers to cede the property of the castle to the crown in exchange for another nearby Chateau: Chaumont-sur-Loire. It expanded the existing gardens and improved the building’s body with reforms.

It was at that time (1576-1577) that the double-story gallery where the parties were organized was built by one of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau: Jean Bullant. The gallery was built on the bridge and is the aspect that can be seen today. From the green cabinet being regent, Catherine de ‘Medici was in charge of the affairs of the Kingdom of France.

It should be noted that the original plans and designs of the gallery belonged to the architect Philibert de l’Orme, who had built the bridge. The gallery is 60 meters long and 6 meters wide. It has 18 Windows, floor of mosaics of tuff and slate, shaped like a chessboard. It was inaugurated in 1577 during the celebrations organized by Catherine de Médicis in honor of her son King Henry III of France.

Luisa de Lorraine 1553 – 1601

Henry III King of France and son of Catherine de Médicis, died in 1589. His wife Luisa de Lorraine retired to the castle of Chenonceau wearing the usual white mourning (label of the time). He lived until his death in the castle almost without leaving it. After Luisa de Lorena there was no more presence of the Crown of France in Chenonceau. It was already in private hands. By inheritance of Luisa de Lorraine the castle was inherited by César de Vendôme and his wife, Francesca de Lorraine, Duchess of Vendôme. For the next 100 years, it was inherited through the Valois family.

Louise Dupin 1706 – 1799

In 1720 it was bought by the Duke of Bourbon who sold them works of art and statues of Chenonceau. Some of them went to the Palace of Versailles. In the summer of 1733, Claude Dupin bought the castle of Chenonceau from the Duke of Bourbon. His wife, Louise Dupin in organized meetings and gatherings with writers, poets and scientists. Voltaire and Rosseau were regular. During the French Revolution and under its administration, Chenonceau was preserved.

Related post : Walk Strasbourg – France

Marguerite Pelouze 1836 – 1902

Marguerite Pelouze bought the Château de Chenonceau in 1867, which at that time had 136 hectares of land. I buy it at 850,000 francs. Then he decided to restore the castle as in the time of Diana de Poitiers. The works were carried out from 1867 to 1878 by the architect Félix Roguet. During this restoration almost all the changes made by Catherine de Médicis were eliminated.

In 1879, Claude Debussy joined the chenonceau orchestra as a pianist, with the purpose of completing the castle’s small chamber orchestra. Debussy spends almost all that summer in Chenonceau. One thinks that the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Gustave Deloye, was the author of the caryatids (Column in the form of feminine sculpture) of the castle.

In 1888, Marguerite Pelouze, already separated from her husband, filed for bankruptcy and sold the Chenonceau castle. Acquired by Crédit Foncier, and sold in 1891 to Mr. José Émilio Terry, deputy of Cuba in the Spanish Cortes. His family will retain the property of castilool until 1913

Simonne Menier 1881 – 1972

The Terry family in 1913 sells Chenonceau to industrial Henri Menier (1853-1913). The Menier family is the owner of the castle today. During the First World War, a hospital for the war-wounded was set up in Chenonceau, funded by Mr. Gaston Menier (1880-1933). Simone Menier, wife of Georges, as head nurse, administered the hospital that installed 120 beds in two of the Galeries of the castle.

In a room in the castle of Chenonceau X-ray machines were adapted an X-ray machine. Also 2,254 soldiers were treated at that hospital during WWI. After the war, the equipment was dismantled and stored for years. Decades later in an auxiliary room of the castle, the hospital was assembled again and turned into a museum

Military Hospital of the Chenonceau Castle

Second World War
The main gallery, the covered bridge that crosses the river Cher, was used during the Second World War by the French resistance. The castle was used for people to escape to Free France, taking advantage of the fact that it was on the border. It turns out that south entrance faced France Vichy “free”. and the rest of the castle was in the area occupied by Nazi Germany.

Related post : Discovering a Medieval City: Carcassone

The castle during World War II suffered some damages by bombing of both sides, damaging in a total way the windows and vitreaux. These stained glass windows were repaired after the fight was over.

There were several illustrious visitors after its opening to the public in 1952. Among them we can mention the Queen of England Elizabeth II, her son Carlos and Diana Diana, Princess of Wales. Also the president of the United States Harry Truman visited Chemonceau.

In the Castle shop you can buy souvenirs of the visit, books and vintage posters

Summing up The architects of the Castle of Chenonceau, were:

Felix Roguet
Philibert de l’Orme
Jean Bullant
Pacello da Mercoliano

External Links

 

This is a collaboration of the blog quierodecorarte.com, of a note translated from Spanish. The original note can be seen here in Spanish. Part of the images are property of quierodecorarte.com.

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau
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Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Five Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany: The treadwheel cranes were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. These are the five medieval treadmill cranes existing today in Germany. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Crane  in the Port of Luneburg – Germany

The old crane in the old port of Ilmenau in Lüneburg (4) was mentioned for the first time in documents in 1330. Considered in its time one of the most efficient cranes in northern Germany, it is 15 meters high and could hoist 9 tons.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Germany – Port of Luneburg

The Medieval Treadwheel Crane was used mainly for the transport of salt and salting herring from department stores. Also firewood and merchandise. The crane was used until 1860 and the current state is operable but not used.

The plant of the crane house is circular and has a diameter of eight meters and the lifting arm is nine meters. The power plant consists of two wheels of 5 meters in diameter. Four blocks of sandstone were used as counterweight to the load

Anecdotes of the treadwheel crane

In 1840, the Treadwheel crane lifted its heaviest load on land: a steam locomotive for the Ducal Braunschweig State Railway. The locomotive was manufactured by George Forrester & Company (11) in England and transported by water to Germany. The weight of the locomotive was estimated around 9 tons. To operate the wheel crane, 38 men were needed at that time. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Port of Luneburg

As a load test, before the locomotive, a package with 80 railway tracks weighing about 9.2 tons (20,300 pounds) was made. The crane was rebuilt in the summer of 1797 by Master Carpenter GP Hintze as it appears on the plate.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – port of Luneburg

With the construction of the Hamburg-Hannover railway line (12), which arrived in Lüneburg in 1847, the transport of goods to and from Lüneburg went quickly from the waterway to the railways. As a result, the port and, therefore, also the crane quickly lost importance. In 1860, the treadwheel crane stopped working for economic reasons. 


Ostricher – Germany

The construction and operation of a treadwheel crane in Germany, was until the nineteenth century absolutely, an archbishop’s privilege in this area. Only a few cities in Rheingau and in other German areas had the right to operate a loading device.

We will cite Cologne, Trier, Würzburg, Andernach, Bingen am Rhein, Stade and Hamburg, as cities, without doubt privileged. In the Rheingau region in the 15th century, only Eltville, Rüdesheim and Lorch obtained this privilege.

The Oestricher Wheel Crane is located on the right bank of the Rhine River, at kilometer 518.1, near Federal Highway 42. All treadwheelcranes from Rheingau and elsewhere, such as Trier and Andernach, were initially floating wooden cranes. These cranes were generally very prone to deterioration due to constant exposure to water and ice in winter.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744

This port treadwheel crane was begun to be built in 1744 (10). The boom of the crane is 12 meters. It has a conical roof to protect the crane. The conical roof with the ball and the tip of the roof is firmly connected to the upper end of a central column of vertical crane. Inside the crane house, there is a double wheel. The operation was in charge of two people per side.

The operating staff was well paid and affiliated with a guild called Aufläder. The load capacity of the wheel crane was approximately 2.5 tons. The crane today is functional.


Trier – Germany

Alte Krahnen, also called Trierer Alter Moselkran, is a harbor treadwheel crane located in Trier. The stone building dates from 1413 and is located on the right side of the Moselle River.

The design is a tower-type wheel crane, with two wheels that are 4.16 meters in diameter.
 
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier
 

A double boom drives the crane. Initially it was equipped with a single feather, and since 1778 with a second feather as a counterweight. It has a rotating conical roof on a vertical axis of wood called Kaiserbaum 12 meters long. The conical roof is 360 ° rotating with two balancing arms and single pulley chain. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier

It has in iron spikes and chain of drum with chain and simple pulley. Its estimated load capacity is two tons. It has similarities with another crane of the same name “Alte Krahnen” in Andernach (10), also built in stone in Gothic style, although this crane is 100 years older. The oak gear of the crane house (Kranhaus) dates back to 1763. The treadwheel crane was damaged (although it was not destroyed) in 1944 by the war and in 1984 it was restored.


Andernach – Germany

The treadwheel crane was built between 1554 and 1561, was used until 1911 and is located at kilometer 613.8 of the Rín River. The crane house measures 10.70 meters outside diameter and 8.70 meters inside diameter. The walls are made of stone and have a thickness of 2 meters.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen

The Andernacher Krahnen was the largest loading device among approximately 80 cranes in 32 locations in the inland waters of Germany and served for 350 years until 1911. At present it can only be seen from the outside. You can not visit.

The Crane

The medieval treadwheel crane consists of two wheels of oak wood 4.2 meters in diameter and 1.2 meters wide. The boom, which extends from the upper half of the pillar of the crane through the rotating roof, is formed by two heavy oak beams with support struts coated with lead sheet. It should be noted that the lifting capacity of the crane was estimated at 3.2 tons. The central drive shaft that joins the two wheels is 0.6 meters in diameter. On that axis a chain was wound (originally Rope).

The usual load to hoist were millstones and wine barrels. The roof is rotating, conical and covered in slate. As a novelty to the house of the treadwheel crane is also added a pyramid-shaped basalt icebreaker. This icebreaker stretched up to the height of the window to protect against drift from the ice.

The load and lift pen is made of a solid oak trunk, 0.64 meters in diameter and 10 meters high. It is also called “Kaiserbaum” or “support tree”. Like the wheel crane of Gdańsk, this means of hoisting belongs to the category of cranes, which due to its height was also suitable for the installation of ship masts.


Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Germany

It is visible from a distance and it is the tower of the church of San Jorge, It is 90 meters high, it is called Daniel and it is considered the landmark of Nördlingen (it is called Daniel by a passage of the Bible, Dan 2-48 “. And the king exalted Daniel and made him ruler […] of all Babylon.”)

 

Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen - Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany
Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

In the level 35.60 meters there is a treadwheel crane that was used for the construction of the tower. Apparently the operators of the crane were all prisoners.

The council of the city of Nördlingen decided to build the church of St. George on October 17, 1427. The choir of the church’s hall was completed in 1451, and in 1454 the construction of the tower began. The high altar of Friedrich Herlin was completed in 1462, the tower in 1490. With the completion of the vault in 1505, construction was completed.

As a result, Nördlingen joined the Reformation under the Church of St. George became a Protestant church in 1523. The first restoration of the church took place between 1877 and 1887. In March 1945 a bomb destroyed the clock. More recently, the church and the tower were restored between the years 1971-1977.

Maybe it interests you too: Medieval Treadwheel Crane in England– Beverley Minster

 References and Bibliography

      1. Friends of Beverley Minster
      2. Legende van de Maneblussers
      3. National Maritime Museum in Gdańsk 
      4. Alter Kran (Lüneburg)
      5. Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel – Cage à écureuil
      6. Historic England Org.- The Harwich Treadwheel Crane
      7. Grua de Rueda de la Catedral de Estrasburgo
      8. Medieval Treadwheels: Artists’ Views of Building Constructions –  The Johns Hopkins University Press
      9. Surrey Industrial Hiistory Group – Guilford
      10. Denkmalgesellschaft Bingen – Oestricher Kran
      11. The privatisation of the Brunswick State Railways in 1869-70
      12. George Forrester and Company
      13. Tower of Cathedral – Nördlingen 
      14. Ingenieria de Puertos en la Roma Clasica
      15. Medios de elevación de materiales en la construcción medieval
      16. Marco Vitruvio Polión
      17. De Architectura
      18. St. Georg (Nördlingen)

 

 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today
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Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster
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Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

Ajaccio Napoleon’s Hometown

Ajaccio is not only the birthplace of Napoleon but also has its own attractions and with great charm. A historic center where you can walk through ancient streets where colorful houses abound.

A walls of an ancient citadel. An ideal place to see all the colors of a late Mediterranean sunset. City located in a bay surrounded by mountains, with a mild and pleasant climate all year round. Ajaccio offers a relaxed lifestyle

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon


What to see in Ajaccio

1-The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte: is the house where the BuonaParte family lived (Bonaparte) and where Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769. It is decorated with furniture from that time and many family objects have been preserved (portraits , the genealogical tree, the mortuary mask of the Emperor of France).

2-The Fesch Museum: this museum exhibits the collection of paintings collected by Cardinal Joseph Fesch, uncle of Napoleon. It is one of the most important Italian paintings of the fourteenth to nineteenth centuries, with about 15,000 works. It includes paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Titian and other artists of the Italian Renaissance.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

3-The History Museum of Corsica: It is located in the center of the city. The museum presents unique documents, weapons and dresses, ancient coins, plans. Everything is related to the history of Corsica. It is dedicated to the main figures of Corsa History such as Sampiero Corso, Pasquale Paoli and Napoleón Bonaparte.


  1. Travel France by Car
  2. Ancient Treadwheel crane in Strasbourg
  3. Travel Verdon Gorge

Casamaccioli

Casamaccioli is located in the region of Niolu, a hill in the interior of Corsica, to the north and also surrounded by mountains. Just 20 miles separate from Corte, the old capital of the island.

It is one of the highest and most isolated villages on the island. However, on a special date that is September 8, there is a crowd of people

The date of the birth of the Virgin Mary attracts thousands of people to this mountain town, because here the most important religious festival of Corsica is celebrated: A Santa di u Niolu

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

When arriving at Casamaccioli, in the square in front of the church painted yellow, the procession starts. The bishop goes to the front followed by the wooden madonna and behind several religious brotherhoods

The procession

The procession passes next to several stalls with Corsican culinary specialties, such as Prisutu ham, as soft as lard. Also the lonzu which is a dried sausage outdoors, made from the meat of semi-wild pigs. It highlights calenzana, a milky goat cheese that has a spicy aroma and flavor. The corsa kitchen does not contain the brocciu, a soft fresh cheese made from goat or sheep milk. The farmers and merchants in Casamaccioli sell it in all its forms and variants imaginable

The macchia, is the eternally green Mediterranean scrub in Corsica, and covers more than half the surface of the island. Also spreads through the air the aroma of thyme, rosemary, basil and other natural essences.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

Napoleon Bonaparte, the emperor of France and the most famous Corsican, said that with his eyes blindfolded he could recognize every corner of the island only for its aromas and fragrances.

The migliacci are tortillas baked with fresh brocciu cheese and are a real delicacy. Pietra is a beer made locally. Sip, a little sweet, made of chestnuts . Something different from the bitter flavors that we are used to in beers.

Chestnut is the star product of the island. The islanders use chestnut flour as a basis for numerous dishes and products. For some years it has even been used to make and ferment whiskey.

When to Travel Corsica

Corsica has a Mediterranean climate with dry and very hot summers on the coast. In winter, the climate on the coast is temperate and humid. But in the mountains of the interior of the island it is usual to be covered with snow until well into spring. The best time to visit the island is between the months of May and September

How to get Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

By plane to Bastia and rent a car there. You can also reach Bastia by ferry from Nice. Information about the ferry itinerary: www.corsica-ferries.de. accommodation

On the island there are many good hotels, resorts and holiday homes. You can consult them here

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon: Corsica official web

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Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon
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Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

Survive the Overturism in Venice

Overtourism

Venice is exceeded by tourists. They arrive by thousands every day and not everyone knows how to behave. If you travel to Venice we recommend you follow these tips to avoid inconveniences and enjoy that wonderful and historic city

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

In April 2017, the Ministry of Interior of Italy put into effect a so-called “Daspo Urban” law. This law allows police forces to restrict access in certain areas of the localities to individuals considered a possible threat to public order, morals or public decency. This is without necessity without the need for evidence of crime. This applies to vagabonds, but it also began to be applied to tourists within certain areas. Article 9 of the decree establishes a monetary penalty of 100 to 300 euros and an expulsion order from the place where the heho occurred and against any person. This expulsion can be for 48 hours and the recidivism reaches much higher penalties.

Tips to travel venice and be a respectful tourist .Survive the Overturism

Dr. Ugo Rossi, a professor at the University of Turin, highlights how city centers have become places for consumption rather than residence. This phenomenon is leading to a series of citizen fears that lead to these contradictions. The need to tourism as a source of income and at the same time reject it for violating the identity of the city. “Examples like the ‘Daspo Urbano’, have to do on the one hand with fear of safety and, on the other, with fears for the loss of authenticity”, ends Professor Rossi saying


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Venice

The city of Venice released some barriers (‘Check Point’) to control the entry of tourists entering the city. The municipal police will be ordered to close the entrance to its historic center in case of excess arrivals.

The authorities have located two barriers in the vicinity of the station of Santa Lucia, the only point of arrival by land: one in the Plaza Roma, next to the bridge of Constitution (Ponte della Costituzione), and another in the opposite, before the bridge of the barefoot (Ponte degli Scalzi)

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

The City of Venice has decided to facilitate the mobility of residents in front of the huge number of tourists visiting the city. It must be taken into account that in the city of Venice (the main islands) there are only 50,000 inhabitants, and that 4,000,000 people visit it per year. At the last Carnival in Venice, more than 200,000 tourists were received. 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism


Overtourism at the Carnival

In the last venice carnival the authorities of Venice restricted the passage to certain zones of the historical center: Only those who have the Venezia Unica Card, a card for residents and habitual visitors, will be able to pass. With this ordinance, tourists will be able to continue visiting the most popular sites but they will have to use alternative streets The fines for those who skip the rules range from 25 to 500 euros.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 The commune of Venice will give priority access to the Venetians to take the vaporetto: They are boats of public transport, with terminal station in Santa Lucia with which to move from one point to another of the city and the islands. For that reason in Santa Lucia and other stops more, there will be two rows. One for tourists and another priority for residents. In addition, the price of the trip, about 7.5 euros, will go to 1.5 euros for residents who have a special card.

In recent times there have been a proliferation of groups calling for the banning of cruises and the disembarkation of passengers in the historic center.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

  • Do not use the Selfie stick indoors. Especially churches
  • Ask as little as possible.
    • Seven out of ten people who travel through Venice are also tourists. Use your smartphone to navigate with Google Maps or another application (MapsMe or similar)
      Search the information of the places you are going to visit or stay and download it in your Goodle maps. You can use the information from your phone online or use the GPS of your smartphone
  • Only eat if you have a place to sit. 
    • Do not sit on the stairs of monuments or churches to eat or drink.
  • Use the flash for photo only where it is enabled.
  • Respect the environment and artistic wealth
    • do not litter,
    • do not vandalize with graffiti,
    • or padlocks.
    • Do not give food to the pigeons.
    • Especially not to throw objects or liquids to the channels
  • Respect the vaporetto’s tails.
    • Check if there is one for tourists and another for residents.
  • Dress appropriately.
    • Keep in mind that some places have restrictions on clothing. Especially the churches that are many and worth visiting them all.
  • Take care of your belongings.
    • Passports, credit cards or anything that carries value or serves to identify it. Thieves exist everywhere in the world.
  • Do not listen to what other travelers say or advise. Report yourself
  • Learn basic dialogues of the country you are going to visit:
    • The attitude of any person changes how they speak in their language. 
      Both the service in the restaurants and your experience in the place will change radically just by knowing the dialogues of survival of the language of the country you visit: presentation dialogues, please and thank you, basic questions and the numbers from 1 to 10. Since you have Two choices of people in your visit: either people hate tourists or people hate tourists who do not try to speak the language. And both can be avoided with knowing the basics of the language, apart it will be easier for you to make friends and know the culture of the place if you know a bit of their language … You will be surprised to know how many people would also like to talk with you

      • Thank you /Grazie
      • Please / Prego
      • Hello / Ciao
      • Good Bye / Arrivederci
      • Excuse me / Scusami
      • Yes / Si
      • No / No

For more information about restrictive measures in the circulation of people in Venice Consult the Wen of the Commune of Venice in summer 2018 clik  here : Exceptional measures for visitor flow management in Venice – Summer 2018


Milan and Florence

In 2017, the Mayor of Milan established important restrictions in one of the main areas of the city destined for nocturnal nightlife. It is the darsena included in Barrio dei Navigli. It is forbidden to carry plastic bottles, drinks cans and also selfie sticks. The authorities say that the intention is to change the customs of those who come, especially tourists. This measure in a temporary moment, is about to become permanent. Milan is not the only city that is taking measures to restrict the habits of tourists. Or the tourists themselves.

Since April 2017, the mayor of the city of Florence, Dario Nardella, began watering the stairs of the most visited churches during the midday hours. The reason for such an eccentric measure is that tourists take advantage of the stairs to sit and have lunch. He says that the stairs of the temples are not restaurants, but religious and cultural places that deserve respect.

►► Maybe you’re interested too: 

Rome

The Mayor of the City of Rome Virginia Raggi, demanded that the Roman monuments be honored by all who visit it. That was when I presented the latest measures to protect the sources of the City of Rome against the maladjusted tourists. Sanctions were established for throwing liquids, and throwing objects at sources. It is only allowed to throw coins. There are also sanctions for eating meals and drinks outside of the authorized places.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist

 

Sources:

  1. milano.repubblica.it
  2. Venice City – Comune di Venezia
  3. bolognatoday.it
  4. iltirreno.gelocal.it
  5. corriere.it
  6. nytimes.com

end – Travel venice and be a respectful tourist

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Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist
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Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Pompeii was really so obscene? : A little (very little) of History.

Table of Contents – Traveling to a Different Pompeii

 

Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii, we will answer that question.  Pompeii is located in the south of Italy. barely two hours away by train from Rome. The story is quite familiar. The city is located on the slopes of Vesuvius, a volcano that on August 24, 79 AD, broke and buried the city in a sea of ​​ash. More than 20,000 people died in that event.
It remained in oblivion until the eighteenth century, when under the domination the location of this city was rediscovered (the name was not even known) and excavations began.

Frescoe - Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different PompeiiT

The Excavations Show

Thermal baths, luxury residences, freediving houses, gymnasiums, artisan workshops and brothels were gradually appearing. In those places there were architectural remains such as mosaics, frescoes and sculptures. Some of them almost intact.
These findings speak of a sophisticated, well-off and evolved life. We must bear in mind that part of the aristocracy of the Roman era, had its villas in Pompeii and made tourism in that city and on the nearby island of Capri.

Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Also appeared part of the erotic life of pompeii. frescoes, murals, sculptures, lamps, amulets and even artifacts that we do not yet know their use and meaning.

House of the Epigrama - Satyr that hugs a Nymph. -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

Wide Freedom of Customs

Touring the streets and houses of Pompeii, the paintings and bas-reliefs with erotic motifs ranging from “Satyr and Maenad” (House of the Faun) or “Pan and the Hermaphrodite” (House of the Dioscuri), Some are sexually explicit as the ” Priapus with his phallus “(House of the Vetii).

Phallus Lantern - Archaeological Museum of Naples -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Phallus Lantern – Archaeological Museum of Naples

The paintings are not limited to private places, such as the lupanar (brothel) or public baths, but can also be seen inside private homes, gardens and public use spaces shared by all. You have in the streets with phalluses signaling the sense of traffic.

Centennial House - Fresco of the two lovers-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Centennial House – Fresco of the Two Lovers

Phalluses on The Streets

One of the possible explanations was these images had ritual or religious value, and linked the phallic figures with the force generating or creating nature. They were also used to give good luck to a commercial establishment. 

Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity – Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

 

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Under protection of the gods

Erotic artifacts were found from the seventeenth century, and accumulated outside the view of the public in the Borbonic Museum (now Archaeological Museum of Naples), where I created a special room to store them.

Phalluses on the Walls of Pompeii Houses. for Prosperity -Pompeii was really so obscene?

Gabinetto Segreto – Obscene Objects Cabinet

In 1817 a first selection of artifacts was made to exhibit in the museum. In 1819, King Francis I of the Two Sicilies visited the Pompeii exhibition and the National Archaeological Museum of Naples with his wife and daughter. There he was scandalized with erotic art in such a way that he ordered it to be removed from the public view and confined to a secret room. Then the objects classified as obscene and indecent, were confined to the special room without any kind of order and the door was sealed at that time. Only in 1860 the room was opened and the artifacts were inventoried.

Tintinnabulum - Lucky Bells - Archaeological Museum of NaplesTraveling to a Different Pompeii
Tintinnabulum – lucky bells – Archaeological Museum of Naples

 

The secret room (Gabinetto Segreto in Italian) was opened with a special order obtained only by mature gentlemen of good manners. Also after having paid a large amount of money. In the same ruins of Pompeii, screens were placed on frescoes and obscene paintings and only with special invitation and payment were they shown to select tourists.

Lupanar - Brothel - Pompeii (2)-Pompeii was really so obscene?-
Lupanar – Brothel – Pompeii

Over the years the room remained closed until Giuseppe Garibaldi ordered it to be opened again. That happened in 1860 during the Italian unification and when Garibaldi conquered Naples in that year

Lupanar - Brothel - Pompeii (3) -Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Lupanar – Brothel – Pompeii

 

In 1866 a catalog of artifacts was published, but from that moment the official censorship of the Kingdom of Italy was restricting access until it was closed, in accordance with the customs and political winds of the moment.

Centennial House - Ménade and Satyr-Traveling to a Different Pompeii
Centennial House – Ménade and Satyr

At the time of the Mussolini Dictator visits were forbidden for not agreeing the vision of the new Italy (pure) with obscene artifacts of the ancient Romans. In the Fascist era, it could be visited with express authorization from the Ministry of Education.

House of the Fauno -satyr and nymph-Pompeii was really so obscene?
House of the Fauno -Satyr and Nymph

 

The censorship

The censorship was maintained after the end of the war until 1967, where the work of cataloging and restoring the artefacts of the obscene room was resumed.

House of the caccia antiqua. Tablinum. Fresco by Polyphemus and Galatea - Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
House of the caccia Antiqua. Tablinum. Fresco by Polyphemus and Galatea – Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii

The room was definitely reopened to the public since April 2000. While there is no censorship of any kind, there is a legend that warns about the special content of the room. In addition, children under 14 can only enter if accompanied by their parents or teachers

House of Cecilio Giocondo Pompeii-Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
House of Cecilio Giocondo – Pompeii

Tips to visit pompeii

  • Arrive early in the morning. Complete travel takes the whole day.
  • Wear comfortable shoes. Yes possible trekking shoes.
  • Most of the streets are made of stone blocks. Be guided when walking.
  • Bring sunscreen.
  • Head protection Hats, caps.
  • Carry the right equipment. Here more information
  • Take a guide, Arming a tour before going to avoid losing time.If you do not go on a guided tour, check the schedule of the last train to Naples or Sorrento.

How to get to Pompeii

From Rome.

Train to the central station of Naples. Then in the same central station, in the subsoil is the local Trans-Vesuvian train. Ask about the Pompeii- Scavi station. The departure of trains in this station is somewhat chaotic with schedules and cancellations, ask until you make sure. This station has several branches and only one reaches the ruins of Pompeii, You can also take a bus, although we do not recommend it.

From Sorrento

Transvesuvian train in the direction of the central station of Naples. Ask about the Pompeii- Scavi station.

 

More info: 

 

Pompeii was really so obscene? Traveling to a Different Pompeii
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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love

During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built over its ruins. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.Table of Contents – Capri & Ischia

 

Capri : Exclusive Tourism from the Roman Empire

Capri is an island located at the southern end of the Bay of Naples in Italy. It was already known in the Roman Empire for its beautiful landscapes. The Romans made this island a tourist destination and a place of summer residence. Today it is one of the main tourist places in the Naples area next to the island of Ischia and the city of Naples itself.

anacapri and . Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Landscape Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Blue Grotto ( Grotta Azzurra)

One of its best known natural sites is the Blue Grotto. It is a dark cavern where the sea shines through the entrance with an electric blue color. There are a variety of exclusive hotels and rest villas.

Blue Grotto . Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


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Under protection of the gods

Capri Tips

  • Rent a boat for a half-day with a private driver. He or she will take you to swim amongst all of the most amazing caves
  • Rent an excursion to go around the island. But the additional of entering the blue grotto that is unmissable (you have to pay extra)

Ship trip. Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

  • Walking through the streets of capri is a unique experience. Spectacular landscapes at the end of each street
  • Visit Villa Krupp. Residence at the beginning of the 20th century of the owner of the famous armament factory. Hot is a park with unique views

  • Visit  Materita Tower. Old medieval tower of Anacapri, was later converted into a residence. Built in 1378, by the monks of the Charterhouse of San Giacomo, to defend against Saracen attacks.

  •  Villa Damecuta: Located in Anacapri, Damecuta is one of the severals imperial Roman villas, and little survives of it. Its plant has a gallery porticada towards the Gulf of Naples, topped by a semicircular viewpoint. During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.

Bay of Naples Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


Ischia: The Island of Amazing Landscapes

Bay of ischia : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Bay of Naples : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The island of ischia was occupied and inhabited since before the Roman Empire. The Romans did not take care of this island, considering it unstable because of its continued earthquakes.

view from Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Island suffered continuous invasions for more than 1500 years of all the neighboring towns until the crown of Aragon conquered and built a castle. Today it is a place of exclusive villas and hotels. It has many sandy beaches with amenities for tourists.

Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


The Aragonese Castle

Recommend a visit to the Aragonese Castle. We recommend visiting the building and learning its history. Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

How to Get

From Naples. get to the port of Naples. There are some boxes where different companies sell the round trip tickets (or one way) to Ischia, Capri, Salerno, Positano, and Sorrento. Consult the schedules of the last boat, since they vary according to the season of the year.

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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love
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The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France

Carcassonne Celebrates UNESCO Anniversary With art

Carcassonne is a medieval city in the south of France and has two sites classified by UNESCO on the list of World Heritage: the medieval city, double unice fortress in Europe, and the Canal du Midi.

The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; "eccentric concentric circles" Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”
Main entrance to the medieval walled city. Drawbridge”


Carcassonne is an example (one of the few remaining) of a fortified medieval city with an great defensive system that surrounds the castle and its dependencies. It also has a Gothic cathedral, a Christian Cathedral Catara and many urban buildings and streets of medieval origin. They are preserved because the area was not affected by the three wars they had with the Germans. 1870, 1914 (WWI) and 1939 (WWII).

View of the two concentric walls from a defense tower” The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne

This year of 2018 was celebrated the 20th anniversary of the inscription of the city as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO: the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin was contracted to pine a work called “eccentric concentric circles”. They can be enjoyed until September 2018

 

 

Another view of the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”


Defense towers on the second wall
Defense towers on the second wall

Defensive Walls of Carcassonne

The walled city of Carcassonne is composed of two concentric walls that completely surround the city. Before the first wall there is also a very deep defensive pit. Within the City there is another walled castle with a pit as the last line of defense. This castle is called castle condal

Entrance to the city. Night View
Entrance to the city. Night View
View of the defense street between the first and second walls
View of the defense street between the first and second walls


Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Panoramic view Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
Panoramic view. Artistic Walls of Carcassonne

How much does it cost to visit these walls?

The first and second walls are free. To visit El Castillo Condal you have to pay. although it is worth visiting.

Entrance to the city. Night View

 

nside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Inside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Double defensive wall
Double defensive wall
Entrance to the city. Night View
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle


Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter

How to get to Carcassone: Any airline to London, Paris, Madrid or any European capital
From London, Paris or Madrid: Airplane to the city of Toulouse
From Toulouse: Train or by car on motorway A61 (one hour)
From Barcelona . Train AVE station Sants (two and a half hours)

End Artistic Walls of Carcassonne Post


 

The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France
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Quick guide to Travel to France by Car

Travel to France by Car

Table of Contents

 

 Are you planning to make a road trip through France?

  • Do you plan to rent a car in France to get to know the country?
  • Do you want to travel to France by car but have no idea what to do first?
  • What is necessary to travel around France and enjoy it, without having a nervous breakdown?
  • Do you go to another country in Europe and have to cross France by road?
  • Will you need to have an car accident lawyer on standby in case you’re involved in an accident?

Okay. The first thing that is needed is a lot of money. If you have it, stop reading and book a luxury hotel here. This post is not for you.

Now, if you have a more limited budget. This is the right place

Here we go

Automobile club de France

Know what are the rules of circulation in France

If you have ever driven in any foreign country or if it is the first time you do it, you should know that France is a country where you travel in a similar way as in the United States of America. The rules that you must respect are very similar

Accessories for the car and the trip

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Quick guide to Travel to France by Car
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☼ The Picturesque Village of Kurort Rathen and its Natural Park

A Natural Park: Kurort Rathen Bastei – Germany

Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany

 The Saxon Switzerland National Park (Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz) is southeast of Dresden, and is part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, up to the Czech Republic. The surface you are protected is 38,000 hectares of rock formations in the form of towers, originated by the Elbe River, which travelers who make the journey Dresden – Prague can see and be amazed

 

Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany
Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany

 

The Saxon Switzerland (Sächsische Schweiz), also known as the Elbsandstein hill (Elbsandsteingebirge), is located in the easternmost part of the federal state of Saxony that borders the Czech Republic. On the other side of the border the mountain of the Elbsandstein continues and bears the name of Switzerland Bohemia (Ceske Svycarsko).


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☼ The Picturesque Village of Kurort Rathen and its Natural Park
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Walking Erotic Pompeii: Vettii House

Vettii House: Pompeii – Italy

The House of the Vettii in Pompeii, famous for its erotic paintings, can now be visited, although the most surprising environments still remain closed to tourists.

Walking Erotic Pompeii Vettii House- Italy

Pompeii was buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD.  The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum are one of the main tourist attractions in Italy.

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Walking Erotic Pompeii: Vettii House
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The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel La Reserva

Sofitel La Reserva: Luxury Hotel & Spa

I spent a weekend at the Sofitel La Reserva Cardales, Estate of Buenos Aires Argentina. We chose Sunday and Carnival Monday of February 2018. It was booked with case two months in advance through Booking.com. And the first surprise when arriving. Full hotel.

Sofitel La Reserva: Luxury Hotel & Spa

It is a very large hotel, which includes several pools with hot-cold water and various hydrojet. It has a private lake shared by a country club where you can kayak. It has guided circuits to make bicycles and to walk inside the park of the hotes. Approximate five miles.

We detail step by step:

The Room

With a covered area of ​​100 square meters including a terrace with a lovely view

Sofitel La Reserva: Luxury Hotel & Spa

  Sofitel La Reserva: Cardales Luxury Hotel & Spa

View of The Terrace

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

Evening view from the terrace of the room

The Staff

Very friendly and correct. Excellent cleaning service. The same for the staff of the swimming pools and the part of the sandy beaches (that is, it has two sandy beaches that overlook the lake)

  

Swimming Pools of The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

They also have bicycles for a circuit in the internal park. Kayaks There are kayaks to explore the lake. It is done in less than an hour. All a novelty

  

In the tour of the park and the lake you can see different species of birds. There are ducks and cichlids, but what we loved most were the owls.

 

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

      

The Restaurant of Sofitel 

In the hotel there are two restaurants. In one of them (La Butaca) there is a fixed menu or the buffet option, which is highly recommended. The food of first quality. There is also another a la carte gourmet restaurant with an excellent wine cellar

  

Sandy Beaches

The sandy beaches are small but considering the place where the hotel is, they are quite adequate. The service of the staff in the pools is correct.

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa pool of The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

Sofitel Bowling

Here is a point against. the bowling alleys are in very bad condition. We played twice and the balls made any journey

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel hotel & Spa

Sofitel La Reserva , it is a hotel to enjoy in itself and to relax. has different options of a city hotel (keep in mind that it is 38 miles from the city of Buenos Aires Argentina and in the middle of the countryside). It is located very close to a state wildlife reserve, so some of the birds in the reserve are sometimes seen inside the park of the Hotel.

I was able to find out reservs and availabilities on the hotel landing page at booking.com

For us it is highly recommended to relax a few days and take a break.

View another luxury Hotels ( Venice – New York – Amsterdam – Paris)

 

 

The Surprising and Very Luxurious Sofitel La Reserva
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☼ Treadwheel Crane in Cathedral of Strasbourg

Cathedral of Strasbourg

We visited the Cathedral of Strasbourg in 2017

treadwheel crane cathedral strasbourg

treadwheel crane cathedral strasbourg

The Cathedral of Strasbourg was the first cathedral of Germany (or Kingdom of Germania). Until the arrival of Louis XIV in 1681 and his minister of the war, the Marquess of Louvois that camped in the environs of Strasbourg and forced their submission to the French monarchy the 30 of September of 1681. The cathedral was delivered by the same Luis XIV The head of the Catholic bishopric of Strasbourg, Egon de Furstenberg. Absent from the city for almost 150 years, that way ended the period as an independent city.

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☼ Treadwheel Crane in Cathedral of Strasbourg
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Five museums not to be missed in 2018

You can not miss any of these Five Museums in 2018

 

Museum Atelier des Lumieres: Paris France

Paris expects one of the most important openings of the year. It is the first digital arts center to be held in the summer of 2018. This space will be a pioneer in maximizing the experience of its visitors by showing exhibitions that go beyond the contemplative and they seek to be monumentally immersive.

By merging technology and art, the l’Atelier des Lumières museum will use 120 projectors, a specialized sound system and a highly exclusive multimedia equipment that extends from the floors to the ceilings and walls ten meters high.

Ateliers des Lumiers -Five museums not to be missed in 2018

Booking.com

Museums in 2018: LOUVRE :  PARIS – FRANCE

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Five museums not to be missed in 2018
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