Collectible Coins: American Revolutionary Coins Countermarked in Philippines

American Revolutionary Coins Countermarked in Philippines  A collaboration of Marty Martinez The circulation of the Philippines at the time of Spanish domination consisted of coin minted in other regions, mainly Potosi, Peru and Mexico, with the same denominations as in the rest of the colonies. From the independence of the American colonies, there was a retraction in the circulating in this zone. For this reason should have appealed to a very curious policy: the reselling of currencies. Potosí, Peru and …

Read More

Ancient Collectible Coins: Spanish Pillar Dollar

Spanish Pillar Dollar: Influence on American Currencies A collaboration of Marty Martinez Spanish Origin of Sign $ The beliefs of the fifteenth century included, among other things, the absolute danger of sailing past the Pillars of Hercules. Thus they were called at that time two promontories located in the Strait of Gibraltar: Mount Calpe to the north (Gibraltar) and the Rock of Abila to the south (Ceuta). This was the obligatory passage of the mare nostrum (the Mediterranean) to the …

Read More

Ancient Mint Assayers in Spanish America

Mint Assayers in Colonial Times   Places of Coinage, Assayers, Masters of the Mint  and Judges of Balance Assayers in Spanish America Each coin identifies the place of coinage and also the person responsible for the law of the coin (purity and weight) called the assayer. Usually the initials of the names were used and could be one or two assayers by minting. In the case of Philippines well into the nineteenth century also included the person responsible for balance. This …

Read More

Americans on Vacation . Where are they going?

Americans on Vacation Top Destinations Mexico       Canada    United Kingdom       France         Italy The preferred destinations of Americans outside the United States are reduced to five countries. To Mexico especially in the part of the Caribbean, Tulum, Playacar and Cancun. The most chosen European destinations are UK by history and culture. I have it that France and Italy. In France the most common destinations are Paris and the Loire Valley. to a lesser extent, the …

Read More

21 Best eReader

18 Best eReader – History of eReader We present Top Book eReaders  for Travelers  to choose the one that best suits you: SONY – KOBO – Kindle Paperwhite – BOOX – LikeBook – MobiScribe – Oasis icloud Kindle Reader History of eReader & eBook What was the forerunner of eReader? Doug Engelbart, the Stanford Research Institute (SRI), The Hypertext Editing System and FRESS (Retrieval Archival Editing System) projects headed by Anders Dam at Brown University.  Several projects of the 60’s principles …

Read More