▲ Ancient Mint: Assayers in Spanish America

Mint Assayers in Colonial Times  

Places of Coinage, Essayers, Masters of the Mint  and Judges of Balance

Assayers in Spanish America

Each coin identifies the place of coinage and also the person responsible for the law of the coin (purity and weight) called the assayer. Usually the initials of the names were used and could be one or two assayers by minting. In the case of Philippines well into the nineteenth century also included the person responsible for balance. This is an example of how to identify these signs in coins.

Assayers in spanish america

Potosi: PS             Assayer  JR   Value: ( Reales):

Assayers and Masters of Mints

The assayers were the artisans and those in charge and responsible for the law (purity) and weight of the metal, so they left their mark on the mint. These are some data on places of minting and initial assayers

 

Assayer8 Reales4 Reales2 Reales1 Real1/2 Real

Mexico  M

FM1772-1778
1783-1801
1772 -1777
1784 -1801
1803
1772-1777
1784-1801
1772-1777
1785-1802
1772-1777
1783-1800
FF1777-17841778-17841778-1784
1786
1778-1785
1787-1788
1777-1784
FT1801-18031801-18031801-18031801-18031801-1803
TH1803-18101804-1808
1810
1804-18131804-18101803-1810
1813
HJ1809-18131809-18121810-18131810-18151810-1813
JJ1812-18211816-18211812-18211812-18211813-1821

Peru LM o LIMAE

JM1762-17741762-17731762-17731762-1773
1782
1762-1773
MJ1773-17801773-17801774-17801773-17801773-1780
MI1780-17871780-17871780-17881780-17871780-1787
IJ1787-18031787-18031787-18041787-18041787-1803
1805
JP1803-18241804-18211803-18231803-18231803-1821

Potosi (Bolivia)   PS PTS

JR1770-17761770-17761770-17761770-17761770-1776
PR1776-17951776-17951776-17951776-17951776-1795
PP1795-18021795-18021795-18021795-18031795-1802
PJ1803-18241803-18251803-18251803-18241803-1824
JL18251825182518251823, 1825
 J  1824-182518251825  
18131813181318131813
 L 18151815181518151815
FL18151815181518151815

Santiago (Chile)  S

1764    
DA1790    
FJ1809    

Chiloe (Chile)  Chi-loe sobre Potosi

PJ1823    

Cuzco  

G1824    

Guatemala  G o NG

1768-17841768-17831768-17831768-17831768-1783
1785-18211785-18211785-18211785-18211785-1821

Nuevo Reino (Colombia)    NR  Nuevo Reino Santa Fe de Bogotá 

JF1809-18101809-18101809-18101809-18101809-1810

Popayan (Colombia)  P

JF1803-1810    

Colonial Times Mint Assayers

Santiago (Chile) 1809  8 Reales FJ Francisco Rodriguez Brochero & Juan Maria de Bobadilla

As we have already had opportunity to comment, the death of a monarch had to wait a while for the arrival of its corresponding model of bust from the Peninsula. The case of Fernando VII is particular, its arrival to the throne in March of 1808 is accompanied with the Napoleonic invasion that forced the mints to make their own busts that we know as imaginary. In this case the dress is not Roman style but of time.


Santiago (Chile) 1790  8 Reales DA Domingo de Eyzaguirre y Agustin de Infante y Prado

Although Charles III had died on December 14, 1788, his bust continued to appear on the coins until 1791 at which time the official bust of the new monarch, Charles IV, was prepared. There are transitional pieces like the one in which only the ordinal of the king has been changed. The essay corresponded to Eyzaguirre and Infante responsible for the law in the first coinage of the new monarch.


LIMA  (Peru).  8 reales.  IJ Ignacio Zenón de Gálvez y Juan Martínez de Roxas.

Very light lines of weight adjustment on the obverse. After the death of Carlos III in 1788 transicional types were minted with the ordinal IV waiting for the punzones of Madrid

 

1803


LIMA ( Peru )  1762  8 escudos (oro) JM  .José Rodríguez Carasa y Manuel Iglesias Abarca

Real de a ocho - Assayers in spanish america


LIMA. 8 Escudos.   1771 JM  .José Rodríguez Carasa y Manuel Iglesias Abarca

 


Peru Lima (1808) 8 Reales  JP Juan Martínez de Roxas y Pablo Cano Melgarejo

First year of the imaginary bust of the mint of Lima. The portrait did not last more than four years and was coined in different sizes being the corresponding to 1808 the largest by far. The reason for the need to make imaginary portraits based on paintings from the Kingdom of Spain is none other than the Napoleonic invasion. The portraits of the monarchs arrived late to the colonies, which is why the portraits of Fernando VII were called until 1812 “Imaginarios”. The portrait on which this bust was based was made in America by a local artist and that is why it is called Fernando VII the Inca or also known as bust of Indian.

Real de a ocho - Assayers in spanish america

Esta otra, Idem ensayador, Lima 1823 sobre una ceca de PERU LIBRE

Idem anterior 1819

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▲ Ancient Mint: Assayers in Spanish America
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