National Mall and Memorial Parks in Washington DC
The Lincoln Memorial is located at the opposite end of the Capitol, on the National Mall. It is one of the best and most important monuments to see in Washington, and also one of the best known on the planet and most visited on the planet.
It was created between 1914 and 1922 to honor the memory of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln. The building is huge, shaped like a Doric Greek temple, and has a total of 36 columns, each 10 meters high. These columns symbolize the number of states at the time of Lincoln’s death. The architect of the monument was Henry Bacon.
Inside the building is the famous great sculpture of Abraham Lincoln sitting in a pensive state. The statue, sculpted in the relief of a seat, has a height of 19 feet and an approximate weight of 175 tons. There are also inscriptions from two well-known Lincoln speeches: The Gettysburg Address and his second inaugural address.
The designer and the sculptors
Many important speeches have taken place at this monument, including that of Martin Luther King, which was delivered on August 28, 1963.
Right in front of the building, and forming part of the Lincoln Memorial, is the famous Reflecting Pond. It is a shallow, long and rectangular pond, which is among the most photographed in the city of Washington.
From the top of the stairs of the Lincoln Memorial you can get one of the best known images of the city, the Washington Monument reflected in the waters of this spectacular pond.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate—we can not consecrate—we can not hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
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