How Many People will Travel the World?

How many People Travel the World?:

2020: 2.0 Billion

According to the vision of the World Economic Forum, tourism in 2020 will be a world in which smart visas facilitate travel for 2 billion global travelers. These travelers will enjoy all travel rewards, boosting global employment through new tourist jobs.

Commercial revenues will also be improved, investment and new fiscal revenues will be boosted to improve infrastructure. This is the kind of resilient dynamism that was discussed at the Davos Forum (Switzerland) and will provide a plan for a more integrated and sustainable future tourism.

2019: 1.45 Billion

By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3% and 4%, compared to 2018: More in line with historical growth trends. The most visited countries in 2018 were France, Spain, the United States, Italy, China and Mexico.

Overall, the growth of 2018 was led by the growth of the Middle East (+ 10%). Africa (+ 7%). Asia-Pacific and Europe (both with 6% more). Arrivals in the Americas were below the world average (+ 3%). 

Paris - France: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
Paris - France: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?

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2018: 1.3 Billon - Travelers on the Rise Every Year 

The number of international tourists in the world maintained its strong growth in 2018, with a rise of 6% to 1.3 billion people. Estimated the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The organization, whose study includes those international tourists who overnight in the site they visit, was pleased that the increase was located "clearly above the growth of 3.7% of the world economy."

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The increase was driven mainly by visits to the Middle East (+ 10% to 64 million tourists). Africa (7% to 67 million). Europe (6% to 713 million). The UN agency said in a statement. based in Madrid.

Madrid - Spain: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
Madrid - Spain: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?

Tourism "is today one of the most powerful engines of economic growth and development globally," said Zurab Pololikashvili, UNWTO secretary-general, quoted in the statement. Therefore, it must be managed in a "sustainable manner" so that it translates into "real benefits for all countries" and "all communities, creating opportunities for employment and entrepreneurship and leaving no one behind," he said.

Netherlands: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
Netherlands: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?

The Growth of Tourism exceeds the World Average

By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3 and 4%, "more in line with the historical growth trends". However, Pololikashvili recalled that there are "political risks or natural disasters" that call into question these forecasts, although their policy is to be prepared for any of them. On the question of 'Brexit', the Secretary General of the UNWTO has conveyed his peace of mind because the country is preparing to get connections with other countries.

Las vegas - USA How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
Las vegas - USA How Many People Travel the World in 2020?

The Americas received 217 million international arrivals in 2018, 3% more, with mixed results in all destinations. Growth was led by North America (+ 4%) and South America (+ 3%). Central America and the Caribbean, both with a decrease of 2%.  Reflecting the impact of the hurricanes of September 2017 Irma and Maria.

Data from Africa point to an increase of 7% in 2018. Middle East increase 10%, showed good results consolidating its 2017 recovery, with international tourist arrivals reaching 64 million. That is why many people are expected to travel the world in 2019

 

Ecotourism Development

In addition, the UNWTO secretary general stressed that the organization is focusing on the development of ecotourism and rural tourism, "where the future is". And on developing the different regions through education and employment so that they can be consolidated as Destinations.

People will Travel the World in 2019

How many People Travel the World : The UNWTO published some recommendations for countries and cities around the world to overcome the 'tourismphobia'. Since "the priority is still urban tourism", and recalled that in April there will be a summit with mayors of the Great tourist cities to collect their recommendations.

Cruises: How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
Cruises: How Many People Travel the World ?

In summary for the year 2020, answering the question, How Many People will Travel the World ? : about  2.0 Billon viewers and tourists are expected to visit the world.

Infography

How Many People Travel the World in 2020?
How Many People Travel the World in 2020?

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US History of Tourism: First Coast to Coast Flight 1929 – Transcontinental Air Transport

US History of Tourism – The Lindbergh Line – First Coast to Coast Flight – Transcontinental Air Transport – TAT –  Ford Tri-Motor

US History of Tourism: Transcontinental Air Transport – TAT

US History of Tourism, first coast to coast flight: Transcontinental Air Transport (TAT) was an airline founded in 1928 by Clement Melville Keys that merged in 1930 with Western Air Express to form what became TWA.  

The Transcontinental Air Transport airline was like “The Lindbergh Line” and the idea began in the months after the 1927 transatlantic flight of Charles Lindbergh. The main sponsors of this commercial airline were:

STOKES COLLECTION 1934 American Classics / 16.5" x 11" . Ford Trimotor - Amazon.com Poster Vintage
Stokes Collection 1934 American Classics / 16.5″ x 11″ . Ford Trimotor – Amazon.com Poster Vintage

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Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Strasbourg’s Cathedral

Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Cathedral of Strasbourg

We visited the Cathedral of Strasbourg 

The Cathedral of Strasbourg was the first cathedral of Germany (or Kingdom of Germania). Until the arrival of Louis XIV in 1681 and his minister of the war, the Marquess of Louvois that camped in the environs of Strasbourg and forced their submission to the French monarchy the 30 of September of 1681.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

The Cathedral was delivered by the same Luis XIV The head of the Catholic bishopric of Strasbourg, Egon de Furstenberg. Absent from the city for almost 150 years, that way ended the period as an independent city.

The Cathedral

Designed in Gothic style, it was built during the second half of the 13th century. Although originally planned as a Romanesque structure, in 1053 today there is only the crypt and the floor of that style. At the end of the main chapel, the decision was taken to construct the nave in the Gothic style (1250).

The walls were open with Gothic stained glass but the interior remained predominantly Romanesque. The main colonnades were Romanic style. And they also supported the arches. They were very separate. The proportions of the ship are 1: 2.5.

Cathedral of Strasbourg
Cathedral of Strasbourg

Medieval Treadwheel Crane - Cathedral Strasbourg 

It is accessed by the side of the Cathedral, to a door that leads to a spiral staircase stone, without breaks. At the end of it before accessing the terrace on the left side you can see the Medieval Treadwheel Crane.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

The same one that was used in the construction of the Cathedral. And it's still there. It was customary to leave the cranes in their original location after completion of the work, for maintenance or repair.

Medieval Treadwheel Crane Carpenters

The Medieval treadwheel crane Cathedral of Strasbourg is made of wood, manufactured by the carpenters. Like carvers, carpenters were a relatively privileged category of craftsmen. Considered for a long time the absolute masters of construction, its prestige began to decline as early as the 11th century with the generalization of stone vaults, which concealed from view its wooden structures.

Related post: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

Since then, both guilds have fought, sometimes with violence, the primacy in the construction works. But they had to remain closely linked because they had no choice but to depend on one another.

The Carpenters Masters

The master carpenter directed all the works in wood, that were developed from the beginning to the end of the work. He was a very skilled technician, who could discuss with the architect the timber structures to be lifted, both permanent and temporary.

The rigging, ladders and scaffolding that would be used by masons, sculptors and glaziers to work at different heights, inside and outside the building were all made of wood.

AstronomicClock of Cathedral of Strasbourg
AstronomicClock of Medieval Cathedral of Strasbourg

They also built support machinery to lift stones and other materials. Wheel cranes, also called spinning "squirrels" and three-up raisers, are inside these machines.

The Navy Carpenters of The Crane

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg
Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg

The treadwheel crane was a piece that required a great technical skill. Perfect assemblies and combinations of forces show their relationship with naval carpentry. In regions with a strong maritime tradition, carpentry teachers shared the construction of cathedrals with work in the shipyards building ships. Both civilian and military.

The main application was the port cranes. Imitations can now be observed in different parts of Europe.

CONCLUSIONS

As can be seen in the photos this treadwheel crane is for two operators. While the word operators today is used to operate a mechanical crane, here is another thing. Two people, one on each side walk in synchronized form to lift a weight, to the control of a master of crane.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

We have no idea of ​​the capacity of this particular crane, but it can be said that approximately would be for about 1500 to 3000 lb, taking into account the external diameter of the wheel. This would be about  4.5 yards. For those who visit the cathedral of Strasbourg, before accessing the terrace, you can appreciate this legacy artifact of other times.