Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Five Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Table of Contents

  1. Crane  in the Port of Luneburg – Germany
  2. Ostricher – Germany
  3. Trier – Germany
  4. Andernach – Germany
  5. Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Germany
  6. References and Bibliography

 

 

 

 

 

 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany: The treadwheel cranes were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. These are the five medieval treadmill cranes existing today in Germany. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Crane  in the Port of Luneburg – Germany

The old crane in the old port of Ilmenau in Lüneburg (4) was mentioned for the first time in documents in 1330. Considered in its time one of the most efficient cranes in northern Germany, it is 15 meters high and could hoist 9 tons.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Germany – Port of Luneburg

The Medieval Treadwheel Crane was used mainly for the transport of salt and salting herring from department stores. Also firewood and merchandise. The crane was used until 1860 and the current state is operable but not used.

The plant of the crane house is circular and has a diameter of eight meters and the lifting arm is nine meters. The power plant consists of two wheels of 5 meters in diameter. Four blocks of sandstone were used as counterweight to the load

Anecdotes of the treadwheel crane

In 1840, the Treadwheel crane lifted its heaviest load on land: a steam locomotive for the Ducal Braunschweig State Railway. The locomotive was manufactured by George Forrester & Company (11) in England and transported by water to Germany. The weight of the locomotive was estimated around 9 tons. To operate the wheel crane, 38 men were needed at that time. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Port of Luneburg

As a load test, before the locomotive, a package with 80 railway tracks weighing about 9.2 tons (20,300 pounds) was made. The crane was rebuilt in the summer of 1797 by Master Carpenter GP Hintze as it appears on the plate.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – port of Luneburg

With the construction of the Hamburg-Hannover railway line (12), which arrived in Lüneburg in 1847, the transport of goods to and from Lüneburg went quickly from the waterway to the railways. As a result, the port and, therefore, also the crane quickly lost importance. In 1860, the treadwheel crane stopped working for economic reasons. 


Ostricher – Germany

The construction and operation of a treadwheel crane in Germany, was until the nineteenth century absolutely, an archbishop’s privilege in this area. Only a few cities in Rheingau and in other German areas had the right to operate a loading device.

We will cite Cologne, Trier, Würzburg, Andernach, Bingen am Rhein, Stade and Hamburg, as cities, without doubt privileged. In the Rheingau region in the 15th century, only Eltville, Rüdesheim and Lorch obtained this privilege.

The Oestricher Wheel Crane is located on the right bank of the Rhine River, at kilometer 518.1, near Federal Highway 42. All treadwheelcranes from Rheingau and elsewhere, such as Trier and Andernach, were initially floating wooden cranes. These cranes were generally very prone to deterioration due to constant exposure to water and ice in winter.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744

This port treadwheel crane was begun to be built in 1744 (10). The boom of the crane is 12 meters. It has a conical roof to protect the crane. The conical roof with the ball and the tip of the roof is firmly connected to the upper end of a central column of vertical crane. Inside the crane house, there is a double wheel. The operation was in charge of two people per side.

The operating staff was well paid and affiliated with a guild called Aufläder. The load capacity of the wheel crane was approximately 2.5 tons. The crane today is functional.


Trier – Germany

Alte Krahnen, also called Trierer Alter Moselkran, is a harbor treadwheel crane located in Trier. The stone building dates from 1413 and is located on the right side of the Moselle River.

The design is a tower-type wheel crane, with two wheels that are 4.16 meters in diameter.
 
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier
 

A double boom drives the crane. Initially it was equipped with a single feather, and since 1778 with a second feather as a counterweight. It has a rotating conical roof on a vertical axis of wood called Kaiserbaum 12 meters long. The conical roof is 360 ° rotating with two balancing arms and single pulley chain. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier

It has in iron spikes and chain of drum with chain and simple pulley. Its estimated load capacity is two tons. It has similarities with another crane of the same name “Alte Krahnen” in Andernach (10), also built in stone in Gothic style, although this crane is 100 years older. The oak gear of the crane house (Kranhaus) dates back to 1763. The treadwheel crane was damaged (although it was not destroyed) in 1944 by the war and in 1984 it was restored.


Andernach – Germany

The treadwheel crane was built between 1554 and 1561, was used until 1911 and is located at kilometer 613.8 of the Rín River. The crane house measures 10.70 meters outside diameter and 8.70 meters inside diameter. The walls are made of stone and have a thickness of 2 meters.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen

The Andernacher Krahnen was the largest loading device among approximately 80 cranes in 32 locations in the inland waters of Germany and served for 350 years until 1911. At present it can only be seen from the outside. You can not visit.

The Crane

The medieval treadwheel crane consists of two wheels of oak wood 4.2 meters in diameter and 1.2 meters wide. The boom, which extends from the upper half of the pillar of the crane through the rotating roof, is formed by two heavy oak beams with support struts coated with lead sheet. It should be noted that the lifting capacity of the crane was estimated at 3.2 tons. The central drive shaft that joins the two wheels is 0.6 meters in diameter. On that axis a chain was wound (originally Rope).

The usual load to hoist were millstones and wine barrels. The roof is rotating, conical and covered in slate. As a novelty to the house of the treadwheel crane is also added a pyramid-shaped basalt icebreaker. This icebreaker stretched up to the height of the window to protect against drift from the ice.

The load and lift pen is made of a solid oak trunk, 0.64 meters in diameter and 10 meters high. It is also called “Kaiserbaum” or “support tree”. Like the wheel crane of Gdańsk, this means of hoisting belongs to the category of cranes, which due to its height was also suitable for the installation of ship masts.


Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Germany

It is visible from a distance and it is the tower of the church of San Jorge, It is 90 meters high, it is called Daniel and it is considered the landmark of Nördlingen (it is called Daniel by a passage of the Bible, Dan 2-48 “. And the king exalted Daniel and made him ruler […] of all Babylon.”)

 

Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen - Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany
Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

In the level 35.60 meters there is a treadwheel crane that was used for the construction of the tower. Apparently the operators of the crane were all prisoners.

The council of the city of Nördlingen decided to build the church of St. George on October 17, 1427. The choir of the church’s hall was completed in 1451, and in 1454 the construction of the tower began. The high altar of Friedrich Herlin was completed in 1462, the tower in 1490. With the completion of the vault in 1505, construction was completed.

As a result, Nördlingen joined the Reformation under the Church of St. George became a Protestant church in 1523. The first restoration of the church took place between 1877 and 1887. In March 1945 a bomb destroyed the clock. More recently, the church and the tower were restored between the years 1971-1977.

Maybe it interests you too: Medieval Treadwheel Crane in England– Beverley Minster

 References and Bibliography

      1. Friends of Beverley Minster
      2. Legende van de Maneblussers
      3. National Maritime Museum in Gdańsk 
      4. Alter Kran (Lüneburg)
      5. Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel – Cage à écureuil
      6. Historic England Org.- The Harwich Treadwheel Crane
      7. Grua de Rueda de la Catedral de Estrasburgo
      8. Medieval Treadwheels: Artists’ Views of Building Constructions –  The Johns Hopkins University Press
      9. Surrey Industrial Hiistory Group – Guilford
      10. Denkmalgesellschaft Bingen – Oestricher Kran
      11. The privatisation of the Brunswick State Railways in 1869-70
      12. George Forrester and Company
      13. Tower of Cathedral – Nördlingen 
      14. Ingenieria de Puertos en la Roma Clasica
      15. Medios de elevación de materiales en la construcción medieval
      16. Marco Vitruvio Polión
      17. De Architectura
      18. St. Georg (Nördlingen)

 

 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today
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7 Accessories for Camping and Outdoor 2019

Practical Camping & Outdoor Accessories in 2019

Table of Contents – Accessories for Camping & Outdoor 2019

In this first post about camping and outdoor accessories, the most useful and common ones were selected. If the article you need is not found here, please access it by the nearest category. Enjoy the purchase at  Amazon.com

Here are five more useful camping and outdoor accessories for 2019. From microfiber towels, a Small Wine-Beer Portable Cooler, a Collapsible Water Bottle, to a Functional Portable Lightweight Hammock. Also lightweight backpacks also applicable for sports.


Camping & Outdoor Portable Cooler

Wine Beer Portable Cooler. 5+ Hours Cold Drinks. Insulated Slim Travel Cooler. Lightweight

 

Portable cooler - Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019


Collapsible Water Bottle

Perfect Accessories for Camping & Outdoor | Leak Proof | BPA Free | Food-Grade Silicone – 14oz 

Collapsible Water Bottle - Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019
Collapsible Water Bottle 

Travel Microfiber Towel

Fast Drying Super Absorbent Beach Towel – Body Hand Face Towels For Women Men

Travel Microfiber Towel - Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019


Lightweight Backpack Water Resistant

Lightweight Backpack Water Resistant Outdoor Sports Daypack with Rain Cover for Hiking Running Cycling Biking Climbing and Hunting 

Lightweight Backpack Water Resistant - Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019


Accessories for Camping & Outdoor : Hiking Backpack Travel

Hiking Backpack Travel Daypack Waterproof. Backpack Outdoor Sports Daypack with Rain Cover for Climbing, Camping, Mountaineering, Fishing, Traveling, Cycling, or  Skiing. Ideal for outdoor in National Parks

Hiking Backpack Travel- Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019


Mini Water Filtration System

Ideal for outdoor recreation, hiking, camping, scouting, domestic and international travel and emergency preparedness

Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019


Emergency Survival Gear Kit

For Outdoor Adventure Like Hiking, Camping, Travel–Wilderness Survival Kit-Essential EDC Kit Come With A Military Headscarf

Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019 - Emergency Survival Gear Kit-For Outdoor Adventure

 


7 Accessories for Camping and Outdoor 2019
5 (100%) 2 votes

 


Enjoy the Accessories for Camping and Outdoor in 2019 at: 

  1. Yosemite National Park California
  2. Yellowstone National Park
  3. National Park service

See: 

  1. Most Useful Travel Accessories in 2019
  2. Travel Accessories for Women

 

 

 

 

 

A Glacier at The End of the World

Glacier Laguna Torre – Chalten – Argentina

In the Argentine Patagonia almost at the end of the world, in a town of 300 inhabitants called Chalten, you can visit glaciers in places that have very little human presence. The walk lasts about 6 hours from the village and you have to take everything to camp, since there is no support there.

To move there you have to take a plane to Buenos Aires (about 9 hours), another plane from Buenos Aires to Calafate (three hours more to the south). And finally in a vehicle (about four hours more) until chalten. All an adventure and an authentic Glacier at The End of the World

Amazing Mountain Torre & Laguna Torre Glacier at The End of the World

 

View of Cerro Torre and Torre Glacier You can not see the birth of the Glacier because it is more than 30 km from this place. Hiking on the glacier is forbidden. There is no presence of park rangers and control authorities. It is a very aggressive and rugged place,

Leer másA Glacier at The End of the World

A Glacier at The End of the World
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Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 – Best Kits

Outdoor Survival Gear

13 in 1 Outdoor Survival Gear Tool. Kit with Survival Bracelet, Fire Starter, Emergency Blanket, Flashlight, Whistle – Ideal for Hiking, Climbing, Camping. 

Everything You Need  for Extreme  Experiences

This survival equipment has all the tools that a person needs in extreme conditions. This survival kit includes a lighter, survival bracelet, scraper, carabiner, Swiss stainless steel card, tactile flashlight, emergency blanket, whistle, tactical ballpoint pen, wood cutter, compass and black box.

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019

Glass Breaker

Tactical pen is designed for breaking car glass, also use it for self defense and normal writing. 

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 - Tactical pen

 

Outdoor Survival Gear

The military knife with black cold steel blade and black aluminum handle is anti-rust and durable

 

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 - Tactical knife

 

This outdoor survival gear has an ideal size: Lightweight, waterproof and also compact equipment. 

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 - Wire saw

The dimensions of the box are 4.1 x 1.8 x 6.3 inches. Box with tools inside weighs 0.98 pounds

Outdoor Survival Gear - Saber card

 

Get real protection and outdoor shelter with our survivor supplies. Our 6-IN-1 paracord bracelet has an embedded compass, fire starter, emergency knife & whistle.

Outdoor Survival Gear - paracord bracelet

 

whistle

Our aluminum alloy whistle creates sound as loud as 120db, built with a high frequency double tube so you will be heard by rescuers from faraway

Outdoor Survival Gear - Whistle

Perfect birthday and Christmas gift for hiking, Trekking, climbing.

 

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019: It fits without problems in a backpack, car or boat.

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 - Fire Starter

 

Maybe you are interested:

Travel Accessories 2019

Best Travel Women Accessories

Camping & Outdoor  Accessories

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019 – Best Kits
4.5 (90%) 2 votes

 

Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster
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8 Lovely Perfumes and Fragrances for Traveling Women in 2019

Table of Contents – Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Good Girl BY CAROLINA HERRERA 1.7 FL.OZ

SPRAY FOR WOMEN. DESIGNER:CAROLINA HERRERA in Amazon.com

Good Girl - Carolina Herrera Perfum


Versace Bright Crystal By Gianni Versace. Eau De Toilette

Inspired by a mix of floral fragrances inked by Donatella Versace, Bright Crystal is a fresh and sensual mix of refreshing pomegranate mixed with magnolia flowers and lotus flowers. It also has warm notes of musk and amber. Buy in Amazom.com Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019.

Versace Bright Crystal By Gianni Versace. Eau De Toilette - Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Victoria’s Secret Bombshell Body Mist 2.5oz Travel Size Perfumes

Victoria’s Secret Bombshells In Bloom Fragrance Mist is composed of an exclusive mix of pink freesia, red apple and water lily flowers. The design is based on floral amalgams: Fruity notes contribute to sensuality.  Buy in Amazom.com Travel Size Perfumes

Victoria's Secret Bombshell Body -Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Burberry My Black Eau de Parfum Spray, 3 Ounce

Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019. My Burberry Black fuses the scent of jasmine flower and peach nectar with a sensual touch of rose. You have notes of patchouli and roses. The sensation is to enjoy the aroma when opening a window in front of a flower garden opening after a rain. Romance. Sensual.  Buy in Amazom.com 

Burberry My Black Eau de Parfum Spray, 3 Ounce - Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Prada Sport Luna Rossa Eau De Toilette 3oz Travel Size Perfumes

Perfumes and Fragrances for Traveling Women: Prada designed this fragrance looking to express the living spirit of a boat competition. Besides that: Strong notes of ginger and juniper that can not hide a fresh lavender from French provence fields. Elegant aroma, fresh and with a lot of personality. It is very original and intense. Soft notes of vanilla.  Buy in Amazom.com Travel Size Perfumes

Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Cartier La Panthere Legere Women’s Eau de Parfum Spray, 2.5 Ounce

Most importantly: Sweet fragrance combines notes rich in strawberry and rhubarb. Also floral notes of gardenia. Touches and natural notes of musk and oak moss.  Buy in Amazom.com Travel Size Perfumes

 

Cartier La Panthere Legere Women's Eau de Parfum Spray, 2.5 Ounce- Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Jo Malone “Lime Basil & Mandarin Cologne 0.5oz” Travel Size Perfumes

Original fragrance with fresh notes of Lime Basil & Mandarin.  Buy in Amazom.com

Jo Malone "Lime Basil & Mandarin Cologne 0.5oz"Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


BVLGARI Mon Jasmin Noir Eau de Parfum Spray, 0.3 Fluid Ounce

The jasmine flower symbol of beauty and sensuality is present in this refined, young and daring eau de parfum. Designed with a mix of jasmine, sambac and angelwing flowers. Top notes of citrus golden cedar and floral lily of the valley. These notes are present Notes: Golden Cedrat, lily of the valley, jasmine, sambac, Angelwing Jasmine, musky nougat, cedar, patchouli. Style Bright & Elegant. Perfumes and Fragrances for Traveling Women.  Buy in Amazom.com Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019

BVLGARI Mon Jasmin Noir Eau de Parfum - Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


Dolce & Gabbana The One For Women. Eau De Parfum Spray 1oz

Eau de Toilette or Eau de Parfum.  The difference lies in the volume of perfume oil.

  • This Eau de Toilette contains 5-9%, Eau de Parfum contains more, usually 8-14%.
  • Eau de Parfums therefore last longer and smell more intense

Dolce & Gabbana Travel Size Perfumes for Women in 2019


 

8 Lovely Perfumes and Fragrances for Traveling Women in 2019
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Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

Travel planning can be especially stressful for people with COPD

Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

 

See original article: Harvard Health Publishing from Harvard Medical School.

Travel planning can be especially stressful for people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or other health conditions that require oxygen therapy. The following steps can be helpful with the process:

  1. Call your local oxygen supplier one to two weeks in advance to arrange for your oxygen supply while you are traveling. Your needs will vary according to your mode of transportation and length of stay at your destination.
  2. If traveling by air, book far in advance because airlines allow only a limited number of people traveling with oxygen per flight.
  3. Take antiseptic hand-washing packets or gel to help avoid picking up bacterial or viral infections. Also wash hands with soap and water frequently.
  4. If you are traveling to an area of high altitude, plan ahead for an oxygen supply at your destination.

To learn more about diagnosing and living well with COPD, read Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Treating emphysema and chronic bronchitis, a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School. Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

Source:  Harvard Health Publishing from Harvard Medical School.

 

Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning
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Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

Ajaccio Napoleon’s Hometown

Ajaccio is not only the birthplace of Napoleon but also has its own attractions and with great charm. A historic center where you can walk through ancient streets where colorful houses abound.

A walls of an ancient citadel. An ideal place to see all the colors of a late Mediterranean sunset. City located in a bay surrounded by mountains, with a mild and pleasant climate all year round. Ajaccio offers a relaxed lifestyle

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon


What to see in Ajaccio

1-The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte: is the house where the BuonaParte family lived (Bonaparte) and where Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769. It is decorated with furniture from that time and many family objects have been preserved (portraits , the genealogical tree, the mortuary mask of the Emperor of France).

2-The Fesch Museum: this museum exhibits the collection of paintings collected by Cardinal Joseph Fesch, uncle of Napoleon. It is one of the most important Italian paintings of the fourteenth to nineteenth centuries, with about 15,000 works. It includes paintings by Sandro Botticelli, Titian and other artists of the Italian Renaissance.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

3-The History Museum of Corsica: It is located in the center of the city. The museum presents unique documents, weapons and dresses, ancient coins, plans. Everything is related to the history of Corsica. It is dedicated to the main figures of Corsa History such as Sampiero Corso, Pasquale Paoli and Napoleón Bonaparte.


  1. Travel France by Car
  2. Ancient Treadwheel crane in Strasbourg
  3. Travel Verdon Gorge

Casamaccioli

Casamaccioli is located in the region of Niolu, a hill in the interior of Corsica, to the north and also surrounded by mountains. Just 20 miles separate from Corte, the old capital of the island.

It is one of the highest and most isolated villages on the island. However, on a special date that is September 8, there is a crowd of people

The date of the birth of the Virgin Mary attracts thousands of people to this mountain town, because here the most important religious festival of Corsica is celebrated: A Santa di u Niolu

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

When arriving at Casamaccioli, in the square in front of the church painted yellow, the procession starts. The bishop goes to the front followed by the wooden madonna and behind several religious brotherhoods

The procession

The procession passes next to several stalls with Corsican culinary specialties, such as Prisutu ham, as soft as lard. Also the lonzu which is a dried sausage outdoors, made from the meat of semi-wild pigs. It highlights calenzana, a milky goat cheese that has a spicy aroma and flavor. The corsa kitchen does not contain the brocciu, a soft fresh cheese made from goat or sheep milk. The farmers and merchants in Casamaccioli sell it in all its forms and variants imaginable

The macchia, is the eternally green Mediterranean scrub in Corsica, and covers more than half the surface of the island. Also spreads through the air the aroma of thyme, rosemary, basil and other natural essences.

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

 

Napoleon Bonaparte, the emperor of France and the most famous Corsican, said that with his eyes blindfolded he could recognize every corner of the island only for its aromas and fragrances.

The migliacci are tortillas baked with fresh brocciu cheese and are a real delicacy. Pietra is a beer made locally. Sip, a little sweet, made of chestnuts . Something different from the bitter flavors that we are used to in beers.

Chestnut is the star product of the island. The islanders use chestnut flour as a basis for numerous dishes and products. For some years it has even been used to make and ferment whiskey.

When to Travel Corsica

Corsica has a Mediterranean climate with dry and very hot summers on the coast. In winter, the climate on the coast is temperate and humid. But in the mountains of the interior of the island it is usual to be covered with snow until well into spring. The best time to visit the island is between the months of May and September

How to get Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

By plane to Bastia and rent a car there. You can also reach Bastia by ferry from Nice. Information about the ferry itinerary: www.corsica-ferries.de. accommodation

On the island there are many good hotels, resorts and holiday homes. You can consult them here

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon: Corsica official web

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon
5 (100%) 2 votes

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz – Switzerland

Table of Contents – Saint Moritz 

Saint Moritz – Switzerland: Meadows, Snow and Mountains

Saint Moritz (Sank Moritz) , located in the south-east of Switzerland, in the region known as Upper Engadine ,. The site is known worldwide for the celebration here of two winter games: 1928 and 1948.

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

 

Sankt Moritz (St. Moritz) was mentioned for the first time in the 12th century. It was a village that was formed around springs, which according to beliefs of the time had healing powers. The village is named after Saint Maurice, who according to legend was a martyred Christian in Roman Switzerland.

Bernina Express -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz


History of Saint Moritz

Caspar Badrutt, born in Samedan in 1819, emigrated as a child to Saint Moritz with his family and in 1858 he founded a hotel, antecedent of the current Hotel Kulm. In 1864 according to oral legends, he invited a group of Englishmen to his hotel with the condition that if they did not enjoy it, I would reimburse them for travel expenses. The visitors arrived and stayed more than six months.

Kulm Hotel -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

A city with two dominant colors. White in winter and green in summer. Wet and slippery streets in winter, but with a lot of style and charm. . Impressive landscapes in summer with trails for trekking or excursions. We tell you how to enjoy the Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz


Sports: Summers & Winters

In summer the Saint Moritz lake is full of water and sports activities. The lake it freezes and is also the scene of recreational activities. In 1907 a horse race was run on the frozen lake. They also practice other sports on ice such as polo (on the frozen lake), cricket, hockey and cross-country skiing.

Snow -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

The lower part of the city concentrates the more than 5000 inhabitants of the city. We found the El Badrutt’s Palace, it is a hotel managed by five generations. The hotel opened its doors in 1896 and its creator, was one of the sons of Caspar Badrutt


Walking Saint Moritz

You can visit the town on foot in two hours. We start with Via Maistra, pedestrian in its first part. In this street there is a leaning tower that dates from 1570, although it is only 12 feet high and a slope of about four degrees. It was part of the old church of San Mauricio, destroyed in 1890. In the surroundings there are still some tombs.

City -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Nearby is the monument to the “crest corridor”, the local sport. It is practiced on a natural snow track that has its starting point where this bronze image is located. The event is held annually every winter since 1885.

The track is built new, every January, is almost one mile long and a slope between 1 and almost 10 degrees and a difference between origin and arrival of 2 yards

City -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Walking along the Via del Bagn you reach the Engadiner Museum, which allows you to get to know the life of the city in different periods. It is approximately one hour of travel. Price 20 dollars (13 Swiss Francs) and children under 16 years are free. Tuesday closed.


Funicular: Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

On the way to the mountain you can use the funicular railway linking Saint Moritz with the Corviglia ski center. The price is about US $ 60 per person per day. The snow pits of Corviglia are considered one of the most important in Europe. It has options for all levels including children. The Alpina Hütte center, close to the funicular station, closes from April to June.

Funicular -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

On the way back, at the Chantarella transfer station, there is one last attraction. Half a mile away from the station is Heidi’s cabin. Here the film of this child character was filmed. Access is free and the walk to the place does not take more than 30 minutes.


Bernina Express: Panoranic Railway

Another way to enjoy the meadows, snow and mountains in Saint Moritz: Next to the lake Saint Moritz is the railway station. There is the terminal of two panoramic trains. Glacier Express and Bernina Express. Today we are going to talk about the latter because it is what we take to get to sank motitz. We did it from the station of Tirano (Italy).

Bernina Express -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

After a journey of more than two hours through amazing landscapes, precipices, tunnels, bridges, lakes and snow, you will reach Saint Moritz. It is advisable to do it as much as if you are passing through or hiking. here the pictures of the train trip.


How to get there and where to stay

To Get: from anywhere in the world:

  • Naples or Rome Airport (Italy). Train or Fly to Milan (Italy). From Milan Train to the Main Station of Tirano (Italy) The Bernina Express train departs from that station
  • Zurich Airport (Switzerland). From there train to Chur 1h 15 min of trip and from there to St. Moritz 2h of trip plus the time of connection between trains
  • Web Page Switzerland Raiway
  • Web Page Italian Railway

 

To Stay:

Kulm Hotel or Badrutt’s Palace. Here you can consult on booking Sank Moritz

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Enjoy the Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

 

 

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz – Switzerland
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6 Fast Dry Women’s Travel Shoes for Water in 2019

Women’s Shoes For Water. Fast dry

Table of Contents – Travel Size Perfumes

This type of footwear is very versatile since it can be used for a wide spectrum of uses or sports. Water sports or just to use on the beach. Also for daily uses are very comfortable. Buy on Amazon.com

Fast Dry Women’s Travel Shoes for Water in 2019 

  Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water in 2019-fire

  • Smooth Neck Design. Prevents chafing when wearing our water shoes. It is convenient to wear and take off. Breathable and smooth fabrics with fine stretch on uppers. Like socks, flexible and comfortable.
  • Wearable and top-quality rubber sole, which protects your feet from being hurt by sharp objects.
  • Recommended for:: Yoga Training, beach, swimming, pool, weight training, wake-boarding, sailing, boating, kayaking, windsurfing, cycling, jogging, walking, fishing, gardening, lawn, car-washing and driving.
  • Several Size Available – fit different feet, are available

Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water in 2019-fire

 

 

 

 


Premium Fabric Upper

 

Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water in 2019-fire blue

  • Premium Fabric Upper – Anti-slip Rubber sole, 92% polyester, 8% spandex Quick Dry- Drainage holes: Unique Seven holes on each bottom to ensure proper water flow out of them.
  • Cooler and healthier shoe environment, quick-dry, super comfortable during water sports.
  • Freer breath ability, better moisture absorption and better deodorization.. Moreover,Durable rubber soles, provides exceptional traction in slippery conditions, and are stable enough to protect your feet from stepping on rock and stone

 

 

 



Travel Shoes for Water: Rubber Sole

Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water - aqua

 

  • 92% polyester+8% spandex Upper. Breathable Ultra Light fabrics with fine stretch on uppers, flexible and comfortable. Smooth designed neck prevents chafing when wearing our water shoes.
  • Foot Safety: Wearable and top-quality rubber sole, which protects your feet from being hurt by sharp objects. With an ergonomically molded, shock absorption performance cushioning separated protective toe.
  • Ultra Lightweight: Super lightweight and flexible. Lightweight and compressible for easy packing

 

 

 


Casual Travel Shoes

Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water in 2019- blue      

  • Fast Dry Women’s Travel Shoes for Water in 2019: Rubber sole
  • Breathable and durable air mesh upper allow the foot to breathe
  • Solyte midsole provides an exceptionally lightweight midsole with excellent bounce-back and durability
  • Water Grain outsole provides exceptional traction in wet and slippery conditions
  • ComforDry sockliner provides the optimum cushioning performance that creates a cooler, drier and healthier shoe environment.
  • Open mesh on the upper and hole on the sole provides for superior breathability and quick drying.

 

 

 


 

Various Models, Colors and Designs

Fast Dry Women's Travel Shoes for Water

 

Fast Dry Women’s Travel Shoes for Water in 2019

6 Fast Dry Women’s Travel Shoes for Water in 2019
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Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

Las Vegas (Nevada) 

Table of Contents

Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States. That’s possible?. Sure, of course. You just have to go to Las Vegas, in the Mojave desert in Nevada. Las Vegas is a tourist city famous for its exciting activity 24 hours a day. Never Close. Never sleeps. Open casinos and shows at all times. 

Book your Room in Las vegas Strip

It is a city devoted to entertainment and tourism. Currently, 650,000 people live in Las Vegas (2016) and receive almost 40 million visitors a year.

In 1931, with the legalization of the game, Las Vegas begins its rise as a city. In 1941, the very luxurious hotels of the world began to be built, which also incorporated gaming casinos. The first of these was the Flamingo, built under the supervision of gangster Bugsy Siegel.
In the decade of the 60s, the city has another impulse due to the overthrow of Batista in Cuba by the revolutionary Castro. . The American businessmen abandoned their business in Havana and moved to Las Vegas. Frank Sinatra and other artists settled in Las Vegas and offered shows on a continuous basis.

Particularities :Las Vegas has the highest suicide rate in the United States, although most are committed by visitors. It also has the largest divorce rate in the entire country. Unlike other cities in the United States, gambling and betting are legal in Las Vegas, bars can open and serve alcohol 24 hours a day

  • It is a city with many facilities to create businesses, marriage or divorce. And there are many weddings on the day, more than 300. And in a few minutes.
  • The casinos of Las vegas are so prepared that a hospital to take care of infarction in their gaming halls
  • The average daily hours of play of a visitor is four hours a day
  • Las Vegas is the brightest point on Earth seen from space
  • More than 145,000 rooms are available to stay.

 

All entertainment activity can be found on the main avenue, called the strip. It is a boulevard where many luxury hotels are. Among them there are three that are thematic referring to cities and European history. Are these:

►► Maybe you’re interested too: Travel with charm and Elegance. Luis Vuitton 

Caesars Palace. Theme:The Roman Empire

The theme of the hotel is the Roman Empire. It is very well located in the center of the Strip, and exudes luxury and opulence even in the smallest details. It has more than 4000 rooms distributed in six towers. It also has 6 swimming pools, jacuzzis and a theater with capacity for 3,000 people.
It has a replica of the Fontana di Trevi, the true fountain is in the city of Rome

Replica of the Rome Coliseum -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Replica of the Rome Coliseum

Caesars Palace.-Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

 

Replica of the Fontana di Trevi-Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Replica of the Fontana di Trevi

The Venetian. Theme: Venice City

Staying at the Hotel Venetian is a unique experience. If you have already been to Venice you will be surprised to find places like the Grand Canal, the Rialto Bridge, the Campanile and the San Marcos Square. Gondola rides are offered on the canal while the gondolier sings a serenade, as if he were in Venice

In the areas of the Grand Canal and San Marcos are most of the shops and restaurants of the hotel. This part of the hotel has an artificial roof that simulates being on a sunny day at noon for 24 hours a day

The Venetian Hotel -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

The Venetian Hotel Great Channel -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Great Channel -The Venetian

 

Casino Of The Venetian-Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Casino of The Venetian
►► Maybe you’re interested too: Two Days in Venice , Italy 

Hotel Paris. Theme: City of Paris

The Paris Hotel is one of the best-themed hotels in Las Vegas. On the outside you can see the most iconic monuments of Paris. The Eiffel Tower and the Arc de Triomphe. there is a replica of the Plaza de la Concorde and the facade is inspired by the Louvre Museum and the Opera Garnier.

Hotel Paris Eiffel Tower -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Eiffel Tower – Hotel Paris

To walk through the interior of the hotel is to stroll with the same romantic atmosphere as in the streets of Paris. Bakeries, restaurants, patisseries and shops. The hotel has 2,916 rooms, a swimming pool (located at the foot of the Eiffel Tower) and two Jacuzzis. During the winter the pool is heated. Also of course it has a Casino

Hotel paris -triumphal arch Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Triumphal Arch- Hotel Paris

There is a replica of the Eiffel Tower, which measures 540 feet (165 m) in height and, in addition to being the icon of the hotel also offers two attractions.

  • Lookout: As in the original Paris.
  • Panoramic Restaurant: Located on the 11th floor of the tower is one of the best restaurants in Las Vegas. From there you can also enjoy the Bellagio fountains.
Hotel paris -Paris Streets Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Paris Streets- Hotel Paris
►► Maybe you’re interested too: Three Days in Paris , France 

Other Hotels to Enjoy

BELLAGIO

Hotel Bellagio - Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

The Bellagio is a luxury hotel and casino Inspired by resorts in the town of Bellaggio, Lake Como in Italy. Bellagio is an elegant hotel and has an artificial lake of about 8 acres (3.2 km²), in which it contains a few springs of dancing waters, synchronized with music.
Bellagio is the place where the “O” production of Cirque du Soleil is presented permanently.

Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States


WYNN

Hotel Wynn - Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

He is one of the most luxurious hotel complexes in the city. Its construction was completed in 2005 and cost 2,700 million dollars. It offers 2,716 rooms that have an average of 640 square feet (59 m²) spread over the 50 floors that make up the building. It also has special rooms called the villas that are another type of rooms with 7,000 square feet (650 m²) It has for entertainment

Hotel Wynn - Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

 

  • A 111,000-square-foot (10,200 m²) casino
  • Four Nightclubs: Tryst, XS, Surrender and Encore Beach Club
  • 14 restaurants
  • Wynn Esplanade Shoppes: more than 20 stores and boutiques. Louis Vuitton, Chanel, Dior, Cartier. Jo Malone among others
  • Chapel for Weddings!!
Chapel for Weddings in Wynn Hotel -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
Chapel for Weddings in Wynn Hotel

Holidays, Rest, Wedding or Business. Any reason to enjoy the attractions and luxurious hotels of Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States


Other Attractions: Weddings

One of the attractions of Las Vegas are the Weddings. Every year more than 120,000 weddings are celebrated in Las Vegas, being the second place in the world with more marriages.

Theme Weddings

Traditional weddings are performed, as well as themed or eccentric weddings. I could marry you Elvis Presley, marry in a helicopter or sail through Lake Mead. Or perhaps a mafia wedding, where the minister is the godfather

Where to marry?

In addition to the hundreds of chapels around the city, all the large hotels have several chapels to celebrate weddings. Most of the chapels offer traditional weddings (religious or civil) and themes.

How much does it cost to get married in Las Vegas?

Although in Las Vegas it is possible to get married for less than $ 150, it is normal to pay around $ 300 for a traditional wedding, which includes the use of the chapel, the witness, the flowers, the photographer and the hotel pick-up in a limousine. . If you want a thematic wedding where you get married and sing Elvis  or go by helicopter to get married in Valley of Fire, the cost is higher

Legal procedures

It is necessary that both parties are over 18 years old. Minors require the presence of a parent or legal representative. The price of the marriage license is $ 55. The license office (Clark County Marriage Bureau) is located at 201 Clark Ave and opens from 8 in the morning to 12 at night.

Weddings Tips

  • Language:There are also ceremonies in languages ​​other than English
  • Duration: The average duration of weddings in Las Vegas is half an hour. Those who wish may hire more time in the chapel.
  • Wedding dress: The most common is to rent it in Las Vegas.
  • Witnesses: If nobody accompanies you on the trip, the chapels themselves have their witnesses

 

 

Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States
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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love

During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built over its ruins. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.Table of Contents – Capri & Ischia


Capri : Exclusive Tourism from the Roman Empire

Capri is an island located at the southern end of the Bay of Naples in Italy. It was already known in the Roman Empire for its beautiful landscapes. The Romans made this island a tourist destination and a place of summer residence. Today it is one of the main tourist places in the Naples area next to the island of Ischia and the city of Naples itself.

anacapri and . Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Landscape Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Blue Grotto ( Grotta Azzurra)

One of its best known natural sites is the Blue Grotto. It is a dark cavern where the sea shines through the entrance with an electric blue color. There are a variety of exclusive hotels and rest villas.

Blue Grotto . Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

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Under protection of the gods

Capri Tips

  • Rent a boat for a half-day with a private driver. He or she will take you to swim amongst all of the most amazing caves
  • Rent an excursion to go around the island. But the additional of entering the blue grotto that is unmissable (you have to pay extra)

Ship trip. Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

  • Walking through the streets of capri is a unique experience. Spectacular landscapes at the end of each street
  • Visit Villa Krupp. Residence at the beginning of the 20th century of the owner of the famous armament factory. Hot is a park with unique views

  • Visit  Materita Tower. Old medieval tower of Anacapri, was later converted into a residence. Built in 1378, by the monks of the Charterhouse of San Giacomo, to defend against Saracen attacks.

  •  Villa Damecuta: Located in Anacapri, Damecuta is one of the severals imperial Roman villas, and little survives of it. Its plant has a gallery porticada towards the Gulf of Naples, topped by a semicircular viewpoint. During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.

Bay of Naples Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia: The Island of Amazing Landscapes

Bay of ischia : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Bay of Naples : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The island of ischia was occupied and inhabited since before the Roman Empire. The Romans did not take care of this island, considering it unstable because of its continued earthquakes.

view from Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Island suffered continuous invasions for more than 1500 years of all the neighboring towns until the crown of Aragon conquered and built a castle. Today it is a place of exclusive villas and hotels. It has many sandy beaches with amenities for tourists.

Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Aragonese Castle

Recommend a visit to the Aragonese Castle. We recommend visiting the building and learning its history. Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

How to Get

From Naples. get to the port of Naples. There are some boxes where different companies sell the round trip tickets (or one way) to Ischia, Capri, Salerno, Positano, and Sorrento. Consult the schedules of the last boat, since they vary according to the season of the year.

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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love
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The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France

Carcassonne Celebrates UNESCO Anniversary With art

Carcassonne is a medieval city in the south of France and has two sites classified by UNESCO on the list of World Heritage: the medieval city, double unice fortress in Europe, and the Canal du Midi.

The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; "eccentric concentric circles" Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”
Main entrance to the medieval walled city. Drawbridge”

Carcassonne is an example (one of the few remaining) of a fortified medieval city with an great defensive system that surrounds the castle and its dependencies. It also has a Gothic cathedral, a Christian Cathedral Catara and many urban buildings and streets of medieval origin. They are preserved because the area was not affected by the three wars they had with the Germans. 1870, 1914 (WWI) and 1939 (WWII).

View of the two concentric walls from a defense tower”

This year of 2018 was celebrated the 20th anniversary of the inscription of the city as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO: the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin was contracted to pine a work called “eccentric concentric circles”. They can be enjoyed until September 2018

 

 

Another view of the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”

Defense towers on the second wall
Defense towers on the second wall

Defensive Walls of Carcassonne

The walled city of Carcassonne is composed of two concentric walls that completely surround the city. Before the first wall there is also a very deep defensive pit. Within the City there is another walled castle with a pit as the last line of defense. This castle is called castle condal

Entrance to the city. Night View
Entrance to the city. Night View
View of the defense street between the first and second walls
View of the defense street between the first and second walls
Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Panoramic view Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
Panoramic view. Artistic Walls of Carcassonne

How much does it cost to visit these walls?

The first and second walls are free. To visit El Castillo Condal you have to pay. although it is worth visiting.

Entrance to the city. Night View

 

nside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Inside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Double defensive wall
Double defensive wall
Entrance to the city. Night View
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle
Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter

How to get to Carcassone: Any airline to London, Paris, Madrid or any European capital
From London, Paris or Madrid: Airplane to the city of Toulouse
From Toulouse: Train or by car on motorway A61 (one hour)
From Barcelona . Train AVE station Sants (two and a half hours)

 

☼ Travel Guide Strasbourg France

The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France
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