Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

Travel planning can be especially stressful for people with COPD

Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

 

See original article: Harvard Health Publishing from Harvard Medical School.

Travel planning can be especially stressful for people with COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or other health conditions that require oxygen therapy. The following steps can be helpful with the process:

  1. Call your local oxygen supplier one to two weeks in advance to arrange for your oxygen supply while you are traveling. Your needs will vary according to your mode of transportation and length of stay at your destination.
  2. If traveling by air, book far in advance because airlines allow only a limited number of people traveling with oxygen per flight.
  3. Take antiseptic hand-washing packets or gel to help avoid picking up bacterial or viral infections. Also wash hands with soap and water frequently.
  4. If you are traveling to an area of high altitude, plan ahead for an oxygen supply at your destination.

To learn more about diagnosing and living well with COPD, read Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Treating emphysema and chronic bronchitis, a Special Health Report from Harvard Medical School. Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning

Source:  Harvard Health Publishing from Harvard Medical School.

 

Traveling with oxygen requires advanced planning
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Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz – Switzerland

Table of Contents – Saint Moritz 

Saint Moritz – Switzerland: Meadows, Snow and Mountains

Saint Moritz (Sank Moritz) , located in the south-east of Switzerland, in the region known as Upper Engadine ,. The site is known worldwide for the celebration here of two winter games: 1928 and 1948.

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

 

Sankt Moritz (St. Moritz) was mentioned for the first time in the 12th century. It was a village that was formed around springs, which according to beliefs of the time had healing powers. The village is named after Saint Maurice, who according to legend was a martyred Christian in Roman Switzerland.

Bernina Express -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz


History of Saint Moritz

Caspar Badrutt, born in Samedan in 1819, emigrated as a child to Saint Moritz with his family and in 1858 he founded a hotel, antecedent of the current Hotel Kulm. In 1864 according to oral legends, he invited a group of Englishmen to his hotel with the condition that if they did not enjoy it, I would reimburse them for travel expenses. The visitors arrived and stayed more than six months.

Kulm Hotel -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

A city with two dominant colors. White in winter and green in summer. Wet and slippery streets in winter, but with a lot of style and charm. . Impressive landscapes in summer with trails for trekking or excursions. We tell you how to enjoy the Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz


Sports: Summers & Winters

In summer the Saint Moritz lake is full of water and sports activities. The lake it freezes and is also the scene of recreational activities. In 1907 a horse race was run on the frozen lake. They also practice other sports on ice such as polo (on the frozen lake), cricket, hockey and cross-country skiing.

Snow -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

The lower part of the city concentrates the more than 5000 inhabitants of the city. We found the El Badrutt’s Palace, it is a hotel managed by five generations. The hotel opened its doors in 1896 and its creator, was one of the sons of Caspar Badrutt


Walking Saint Moritz

You can visit the town on foot in two hours. We start with Via Maistra, pedestrian in its first part. In this street there is a leaning tower that dates from 1570, although it is only 12 feet high and a slope of about four degrees. It was part of the old church of San Mauricio, destroyed in 1890. In the surroundings there are still some tombs.

City -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Nearby is the monument to the “crest corridor”, the local sport. It is practiced on a natural snow track that has its starting point where this bronze image is located. The event is held annually every winter since 1885.

The track is built new, every January, is almost one mile long and a slope between 1 and almost 10 degrees and a difference between origin and arrival of 2 yards

City -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Walking along the Via del Bagn you reach the Engadiner Museum, which allows you to get to know the life of the city in different periods. It is approximately one hour of travel. Price 20 dollars (13 Swiss Francs) and children under 16 years are free. Tuesday closed.


Funicular: Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

On the way to the mountain you can use the funicular railway linking Saint Moritz with the Corviglia ski center. The price is about US $ 60 per person per day. The snow pits of Corviglia are considered one of the most important in Europe. It has options for all levels including children. The Alpina Hütte center, close to the funicular station, closes from April to June.

Funicular -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

On the way back, at the Chantarella transfer station, there is one last attraction. Half a mile away from the station is Heidi’s cabin. Here the film of this child character was filmed. Access is free and the walk to the place does not take more than 30 minutes.


Bernina Express: Panoranic Railway

Another way to enjoy the meadows, snow and mountains in Saint Moritz: Next to the lake Saint Moritz is the railway station. There is the terminal of two panoramic trains. Glacier Express and Bernina Express. Today we are going to talk about the latter because it is what we take to get to sank motitz. We did it from the station of Tirano (Italy).

Bernina Express -Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

After a journey of more than two hours through amazing landscapes, precipices, tunnels, bridges, lakes and snow, you will reach Saint Moritz. It is advisable to do it as much as if you are passing through or hiking. here the pictures of the train trip.


How to get there and where to stay

To Get: from anywhere in the world:

  • Naples or Rome Airport (Italy). Train or Fly to Milan (Italy). From Milan Train to the Main Station of Tirano (Italy) The Bernina Express train departs from that station
  • Zurich Airport (Switzerland). From there train to Chur 1h 15 min of trip and from there to St. Moritz 2h of trip plus the time of connection between trains
  • Web Page Switzerland Raiway
  • Web Page Italian Railway

 

To Stay:

Kulm Hotel or Badrutt’s Palace. Here you can consult on booking Sank Moritz

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

Enjoy the Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

 

 

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz – Switzerland
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Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

Survive the Overturism in Venice

Table of Contents – Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

Overtourism

Venice is exceeded by tourists. They arrive by thousands every day and not everyone knows how to behave. If you travel to Venice we recommend you follow these tips to avoid inconveniences and enjoy that wonderful and historic city

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

In April 2017, the Ministry of Interior of Italy put into effect a so-called “Daspo Urban” law. This law allows police forces to restrict access in certain areas of the localities to individuals considered a possible threat to public order, morals or public decency. This is without necessity without the need for evidence of crime. This applies to vagabonds, but it also began to be applied to tourists within certain areas. Article 9 of the decree establishes a monetary penalty of 100 to 300 euros and an expulsion order from the place where the heho occurred and against any person. This expulsion can be for 48 hours and the recidivism reaches much higher penalties.

Tips to travel venice and be a respectful tourist .Survive the Overturism

 

Dr. Ugo Rossi, a professor at the University of Turin, highlights how city centers have become places for consumption rather than residence. This phenomenon is leading to a series of citizen fears that lead to these contradictions. The need to tourism as a source of income and at the same time reject it for violating the identity of the city. “Examples like the ‘Daspo Urbano’, have to do on the one hand with fear of safety and, on the other, with fears for the loss of authenticity”, ends Professor Rossi saying

►► Maybe you’re interested too: Falling in love – Venice in Two days 

Venice

The city of Venice released some barriers (‘Check Point’) to control the entry of tourists entering the city. The municipal police will be ordered to close the entrance to its historic center in case of excess arrivals.

The authorities have located two barriers in the vicinity of the station of Santa Lucia, the only point of arrival by land: one in the Plaza Roma, next to the bridge of Constitution (Ponte della Costituzione), and another in the opposite, before the bridge of the barefoot (Ponte degli Scalzi)

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

The City of Venice has decided to facilitate the mobility of residents in front of the huge number of tourists visiting the city. It must be taken into account that in the city of Venice (the main islands) there are only 50,000 inhabitants, and that 4,000,000 people visit it per year. At the last Carnival in Venice, more than 200,000 tourists were received. 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

Overtourism at the Carnival

In the last venice carnival the authorities of Venice restricted the passage to certain zones of the historical center: Only those who have the Venezia Unica Card, a card for residents and habitual visitors, will be able to pass. With this ordinance, tourists will be able to continue visiting the most popular sites but they will have to use alternative streets The fines for those who skip the rules range from 25 to 500 euros.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 The commune of Venice will give priority access to the Venetians to take the vaporetto: They are boats of public transport, with terminal station in Santa Lucia with which to move from one point to another of the city and the islands. For that reason in Santa Lucia and other stops more, there will be two rows. One for tourists and another priority for residents. In addition, the price of the trip, about 7.5 euros, will go to 1.5 euros for residents who have a special card.

In recent times there have been a proliferation of groups calling for the banning of cruises and the disembarkation of passengers in the historic center.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist

  • Do not use the Selfie stick indoors. Especially churches
  • Ask as little as possible.
    • Seven out of ten people who travel through Venice are also tourists. Use your smartphone to navigate with Google Maps or another application (MapsMe or similar)
      Search the information of the places you are going to visit or stay and download it in your Goodle maps. You can use the information from your phone online or use the GPS of your smartphone
  • Only eat if you have a place to sit. 
    • Do not sit on the stairs of monuments or churches to eat or drink.
  • Use the flash for photo only where it is enabled.
  • Respect the environment and artistic wealth
    • do not litter,
    • do not vandalize with graffiti,
    • or padlocks.
    • Do not give food to the pigeons.
    • Especially not to throw objects or liquids to the channels
  • Respect the vaporetto’s tails.
    • Check if there is one for tourists and another for residents.
  • Dress appropriately.
    • Keep in mind that some places have restrictions on clothing. Especially the churches that are many and worth visiting them all.
  • Take care of your belongings.
    • Passports, credit cards or anything that carries value or serves to identify it. Thieves exist everywhere in the world.
  • Do not listen to what other travelers say or advise. Report yourself
  • Learn basic dialogues of the country you are going to visit:
    • The attitude of any person changes how they speak in their language. 
      Both the service in the restaurants and your experience in the place will change radically just by knowing the dialogues of survival of the language of the country you visit: presentation dialogues, please and thank you, basic questions and the numbers from 1 to 10. Since you have Two choices of people in your visit: either people hate tourists or people hate tourists who do not try to speak the language. And both can be avoided with knowing the basics of the language, apart it will be easier for you to make friends and know the culture of the place if you know a bit of their language … You will be surprised to know how many people would also like to talk with you

      • Thank you /Grazie
      • Please / Prego
      • Hello / Ciao
      • Good Bye / Arrivederci
      • Excuse me / Scusami
      • Yes / Si
      • No / No

For more information about restrictive measures in the circulation of people in Venice Consult the Wen of the Commune of Venice in summer 2018 clik  here : Exceptional measures for visitor flow management in Venice – Summer 2018

Milan and Florence

In 2017, the Mayor of Milan established important restrictions in one of the main areas of the city destined for nocturnal nightlife. It is the darsena included in Barrio dei Navigli. It is forbidden to carry plastic bottles, drinks cans and also selfie sticks. The authorities say that the intention is to change the customs of those who come, especially tourists. This measure in a temporary moment, is about to become permanent. Milan is not the only city that is taking measures to restrict the habits of tourists. Or the tourists themselves.

Since April 2017, the mayor of the city of Florence, Dario Nardella, began watering the stairs of the most visited churches during the midday hours. The reason for such an eccentric measure is that tourists take advantage of the stairs to sit and have lunch. He says that the stairs of the temples are not restaurants, but religious and cultural places that deserve respect.

►► Maybe you’re interested too: 

Rome

The Mayor of the City of Rome Virginia Raggi, demanded that the Roman monuments be honored by all who visit it. That was when I presented the latest measures to protect the sources of the City of Rome against the maladjusted tourists. Sanctions were established for throwing liquids, and throwing objects at sources. It is only allowed to throw coins. There are also sanctions for eating meals and drinks outside of the authorized places.

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist. Survive the Overturism

 

 

Tips to Travel Venice and be a Respectful Tourist

 

Sources:

  1. milano.repubblica.it
  2. Venice City – Comune di Venezia
  3. bolognatoday.it
  4. iltirreno.gelocal.it
  5. corriere.it
  6. nytimes.com

end – Travel venice and be a respectful tourist

Tips to Travel Venice and be a respectful Tourist
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⛵ Falling in Love with Venice from The First Day

Traveling & Falling in Love with Venice from The First Day

Venice is a city where it is impossible not to fall in love. The whole city is charming, its monuments, buildings, streets and canals filled with the Venetian soul. We’re going to tour venice in two.

We know that there is very little time for this amazing city, but we will try it with the most charming and stylish places

We arrived on the night train Thello to the station of Venice santa lucia from Paris. The station is located in front of the Grand Canal. We took a public transport boat that left us in front of the wooden bridge of the Academy (Ponte della Accademia). Just before arriving we went through the Rialto bridge, the most famous in Venice. Luckily the hotel was very close.

☼ I could also read the second day in Venice

Falling in Love with Venice from The First Day    Rialto Bridge Venice travel two days  

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⛵ Falling in Love with Venice from The First Day
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☼ The Picturesque Village of Kurort Rathen and its Natural Park

A Natural Park: Kurort Rathen Bastei – Germany

Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany

 The Saxon Switzerland National Park (Nationalpark Sächsische Schweiz) is southeast of Dresden, and is part of the Elbe Sandstone Mountains, up to the Czech Republic. The surface you are protected is 38,000 hectares of rock formations in the form of towers, originated by the Elbe River, which travelers who make the journey Dresden – Prague can see and be amazed

 

 

Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany
Kurort Rathen Bastei Germany

 

The Saxon Switzerland (Sächsische Schweiz), also known as the Elbsandstein hill (Elbsandsteingebirge), is located in the easternmost part of the federal state of Saxony that borders the Czech Republic. On the other side of the border the mountain of the Elbsandstein continues and bears the name of Switzerland Bohemia (Ceske Svycarsko).


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◙ Evolution of a Crane and Hoist in Ancient Rome

Evolution of a Crane and Hoist in Ancient Rome

 

The Roman Empire invested a lot of time, effort and money developing new cranes for the construction of their buildings, bridges and especially aqueducts. They took the Greek’s crane as a model and improved it.

Tripastos in Ancient Roman Empire

In fact, the simplest Roman crane was the Tripastos. It consisted of a single beam jib, a lathe, a rope, and a block containing three pulleys. By maintaining a multiplication ratio of 3 to 1, a single crane operator could raise 300 lbs.





Pentaspastos

A more advanced type of crane was the Pentaspastos which had five pulleys. Moreover and even more sophisticated than the Pentaspastos, was the Polyspastos, which had 15 pulleys and up to four masts with a ratio of 60 to 1.

The Polyspastos, indeed, had four operators per side of the lathe, and it could have a maximum load lifting capacity of 6000 pounds accounting for the maximal effort per operator of 100 pounds each. In case the winch was replaced by a drum, it would double its capacity to 12000 lbs.

However some buildings contained stone’s blocks of more than 100,000 lbs. How could they lift these loads more than 30 yards high?

Roman Empire Engineers. Crane & Hoist

The Roman engineers managed to raise these weights using a diversity of winches. Although winches have a lower multiplication factor of forces than those driven by drums, Romans could have installed more quantity of winches operated by men or even animals. This kind operation a great coordination was required between the working groups that operated the capstans.

The cranes were almost always operated by slaves who were designed for these industrial jobs. In fact, they were assigned in the so-called squads which had a technical head, the praepositus.

 




Marco Vitruvio Polión : Crane & Hoist Architect

(in latín Marcus Vitruvius Pollio; c. -70 BC. -15 BC )

Marco Vitruvio was the author of a book, known today as The Ten Books of Architecture, a treatise written in Latin and ancient Greek about Architecture. It was dedicated to the Emperor Augustus.

In this book he describes different types machines such as forklifts, cranes and pulleys used for engineering structures. It also contained descriptions of war machines like catapults, crossbows and siege machines.

As he was an engineer, Vitruvio was not only doing a description of the machines itself but he might probably have built and tested them.

 

Vitruvius the ten books on architecture

 

https://traveling-cook.com/vettii-house-erotic-pompeii/

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ancient Cranes in Pinterest

A colaboration of : Besthoist.com

Original note

◙ Evolution of a Crane and Hoist in Ancient Rome
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☼ Treadwheel Crane in Cathedral of Strasbourg

Cathedral of Strasbourg

We visited the Cathedral of Strasbourg in 2017

treadwheel crane cathedral strasbourg

treadwheel crane cathedral strasbourg

The Cathedral of Strasbourg was the first cathedral of Germany (or Kingdom of Germania). Until the arrival of Louis XIV in 1681 and his minister of the war, the Marquess of Louvois that camped in the environs of Strasbourg and forced their submission to the French monarchy the 30 of September of 1681. The cathedral was delivered by the same Luis XIV The head of the Catholic bishopric of Strasbourg, Egon de Furstenberg. Absent from the city for almost 150 years, that way ended the period as an independent city.

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☼ Discovering Madrid in Three Days: First Day

Three days in Madrid: First day

We arrived at the Adolfo Suarez Airport ( Madrid)  in a fligth of IBERIA, and took the Metro of Madrid (you can also take the commuter train with combinations) and arrived at the Sol station. We arrived at the hotel (3 blocks away) and then we prepared to walk the city.

To Search Hotels, Fligts, Rent a Car, City Tours & Cruises Click Here

Three days madrid Plaza Mayorchocolateria san gines - Three days madrid
In Madrid There is a very old chocolate shop near there. A classic in Madrid. The Chocolateria San Gines. There you can order the classic chocolate with churros. a delight

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☼ Discovering Madrid in Three Days: First Day
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⛵ Discovering Venice in two days: Second day

Discovering Venice in two days

On the second day we took a boat Vaporetto in San Marcos square. Previously we acquired a full day ticket that includes all the routes throughout the day. Our destination is the islands of Murano and Burano

To Search Hotels, Fligts, Rent a Car, City Tours & Cruises Click Here

Venice in two days  discovering Venice in two days

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⛵ Discovering Venice in two days: Second day
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☼ Travel Guide Strasbourg France

We visited Strasbourg in 2017

We left the Offenburg station in Germany and took a local train, which was more like a tram than a train. After a journey of only 25 minutes we arrived at the train station in Strasbourg. Then the journey began.

Travel Guide Strasbourg France

First day

After leaving the luggage at the hotel we went on foot to the area called Pettite France. This is a charming area, full of canals and flowers. You can see an old fortified river port where there are deposits, watchtowers, cranes, accommodation for cannons and many more things from the sixteenth and seventeenth century. The houses are germanic style of the Bavaria area.

Travel Guide Strasbourg France

 Travel Guide Strasbourg France

 

 


Second day

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☼ Travel Guide Strasbourg France
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