Thomas Cook has ceased trading in 2019

The bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook causes the repatriation of thousands of tourists

The British travel company needs about 250 million dollars to continue its activities. It could cause the greatest evacuation since World War II. Your travel agencies should close. Airplanes stop flying and employees (about 22,000 in the world, 9,000 of them in the UK) could lose their jobs.

bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook Repatriation of  Tourists
Bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook 2019

The bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook

The famous British travel and tourism operating agency Thomas Cook announced on Monday September 23 that his attempt to find $ 250 million of capital injection failed. Then the legal process of bankruptcy and liquidation will begin immediately. The 178-year-old British firm negotiated intensely throughout the weekend in search of a capital contribution of about £ 200 million to prevent collapse.

“Despite the enormous efforts, the discussions did not reach an agreement between the shareholders and those who proposed a new contribution of money,” the company said in a statement. Therefore, “the board concluded that there was no other option but to take the first steps to start the liquidation process with immediate effect.”
Simultaneously, the British Aviation Authority (CAA) said in an official note that the firm:

“tourism operator and aviation company, has ceased its activities with immediate effect.”

bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook Repatriation of  Tourists
Bankruptcy of  Thomas Cook Repatriation of  Tourists


Before this table, the authorities now have the enormous task ahead of repatriating almost 600,000 tourists, clients of Thomas Cook, in various countries of the world, including 150,000 British.

Repatriation of  Tourists & Travelers

The repatriation of these tourists constitutes an unprecedented operation in Britain since the Second World War. Repatriation could take a period of two weeks, the maximum time of the stays that Thomas Cook markets.
 The firm had been founded in 1841 and therefore was the oldest tour operator in the world, and had 22,000 employees, 9,000 of them in the United Kingdom. But for several years it has faced competition from other companies and an uncertain economic environment, particularly in Britain, because of Brexit’s unknowns and the fall of the pound.

What happens in case of bankruptcy and liquidation?

The first consequence is that the group’s activities will have to cease immediately. Then several administrators will be appointed, probably from audit cabinets, to try to find a buyer for the company. Also restructure the debt or sell some activities.

Thomas Cook bankruptcy and liquidation
Thomas Cook bankruptcy and liquidation

Who would be responsible for repatriation?

The repatriation would be organized by the British Civil Aviation Authority (CAA), as was done in the case of bankruptcy in October 2017 of the British airline Monarch. The cost of the operation would reach hundreds of millions of pounds, about 600 million in the United Kingdom alone. The CAA plans an emergency plan, called “Matterhorn,”. The plan is inspired by the name of a US bombing operation against Japanese forces during World War II.


How to protect the rights of tourists?

Thomas Cook assures his British clients that they are protected by the so-called ATOL guarantee. This system, emanating from a European directive, is managed by the CAA.  it is applied to tourists who have bought an all-in-one trip (package), with flights and hotel included.

Tourists who are already on vacation can finish their stay and then return on flights from other companies. Those who have not yet left will receive their money back or propose other vacations. The European directiva all-in-one (‘ Package travel directive ’) travel directive applies to other EU countries, which may benefit from guarantees or local reimbursement funds.

Each organized trip feeds a guarantee fund, which serves in emergencies such as the bankruptcy of Thomas Cook, AFP reported. The CAA says it will do everything possible to return tourists to their homes on the scheduled day, but flying in other airlines. Travelers who buy only Thomas Cook plane tickets are not covered by the ATOL system, but can claim their insurance or credit card companies.

 

bankruptcy Thomas Cook 2019
Bankruptcy Thomas Cook 2019

Recommendations of the official site

Thomas Cook Official Site say:

Thomas Cook has confirmed that all the UK companies in its group have ceased trading, including Thomas Cook Airlines.

As a result, we are sorry to inform you that all holidays and flights provided by these companies have been cancelled and are no longer operating. All Thomas Cook’s retail shops have also closed.

The Government and the Civil Aviation Authority are now working together to do everything we can to support passengers due to fly back to the UK with Thomas Cook between 23 September 2019 and 6 October 2019. Depending on your location, this will be either on CAA-operated flights or by using existing flights with other airlines.

If you are already abroad you will find all the information you need about your arrangements to get home on this website.

If you are due to depart from a UK airport with Thomas Cook Airlines, please do not travel to your UK airport as your flight will not be operating and you will not be able to travel.

This repatriation is hugely complex and we are working around the clock to support passengers.


Customers already abroad

If you are currently abroad and your flight was with Thomas Cook we are providing new flights to return you to the UK. These repatriation flights will only be operating for the next two weeks (until 6 October 2019). After this date you will have to make your own travel arrangements. From a small number of locations, passengers will have to book their own return flights.

For further advice and details of your return journey please read I am currently abroad. Please note that repatriation flights are only available for passengers whose journey originated in the UK.

If you are currently abroad and due to return to the UK after 6 October 2019, please read the additional information section.

If you are ATOL-protected and are having difficulties with your hotel, please read managing difficulties with accommodation.

PLEASE NOTE: Some of Thomas Cook’s package holiday bookings include flights with airlines unrelated to the Thomas Cook Group.  If your return flight is not with Thomas Cook’s airline, it will still be valid. However other elements of the package, such as accommodation and transfers will be affected.

Customers yet to travel out of the UK

We are sorry to inform you that all future holidays and flights booked with Thomas Cook are cancelled as of 23 September 2019.

If you are booked on a Thomas Cook Airlines flight, please do not go to your UK airport, as your flight will not be operating. The Civil Aviation Authority’s repatriation programme will not include any outbound flights from the UK.

If you choose to book a new flight with another airline out of the UK, you will not be eligible for a repatriation flight.

PLEASE NOTE: Some of Thomas Cook’s package holiday bookings include flights with airlines unrelated to the Thomas Cook Group.  If your return flight is not with Thomas Cook’s airline it may still be valid. However other elements of the package, such as accommodation and transfers might be affected.

Further information is available at I have a future booking and have not traveled yet.


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How Many People will Travel the World in 2019?

How many People Travel the World?: 1.45 Billion

By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3% and 4%, compared to 2018: More in line with historical growth trends. The most visited countries in 2018 were France, Spain, the United States, Italy, China and Mexico.

Overall, the growth of 2018 was led by the growth of the Middle East (+ 10%). Africa (+ 7%). Asia-Pacific and Europe (both with 6% more). Arrivals in the Americas were below the world average (+ 3%). 

madrid Paris People will Travel the World in 2019
How Many People Travel the World in 2019?

Travelers on the Rise Every Year

The number of international tourists in the world maintained its strong growth in 2018, with a rise of 6% to 1.4 billion people. Estimated the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The organization, whose study includes those international tourists who overnight in the site they visit, was pleased that the increase was located “clearly above the growth of 3.7% of the world economy.”

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Benjamin Franklin’s house in London

Know the Benjamin Franklin’s house in London

The Residence of one of the founding fathers of the United States, Benjamin Franklin, is located on Craven Street ( London ), just minutes from Trafalgar Square.

The house was built in 1730. It was inhabited by Franklin between 1757 and 1775. Currently, there is a museum and an educational center. Visitors can learn what Mr. Franklin’s student life was like. Also the experiments and scientific discoveries made in London.

Benjamin Franklin's house in london
Benjamin Franklin in 1767. Portrait by David Martin

Franklin’s main occupation in London was that of mediator between Britain and the United States. Meanwhile, science also occupied an important part of his life. I investigate, bifocal lenses and economic kitchens.

In the upper floor of the house there is a European coordination center for the study of Mr. Franklin. A complete set of Benjamin Franklin documents cataloged by Yale University can also be located. Also a symposium program


Bones at Benjamin Franklin’s house in London

As the house that Benjamin Franklin lived in London still existed, in 1998 it was thought to install in it a Museum dedicated to his memory. At the beginning of the remodeling work when digging in the basement, 15 bodies were found buried in a secret room that had no windows and looked under the garden. The skeletons were in a hole one meter wide by one meter deep. In total there were more than 1,200 pieces. Studies showed that they were from the time when Mr. Franklin lived in that house.

Benjamin Franklin's house in london

The head of these bones was the anatomist William Hewson, son-in-law of the owner of the house that housed Mr. Franklin. Hewson carried out anatomical studies in his home and possibly, due to the country’s restrictive laws on body dissections. The corpses were bought in the black market. Some of those bones had cuts, others had scalpel marks and even skulls. perforated

William Hewson died shortly after Mr. Franklin returned to the United States. The cause of death was due to an infection caused by a cut with the scalpel while dissecting a corpse.

Many doctors turned to the resurrectionists (body dealers) to get bodies to dissect. The remains of those that Hewson used went to that hole in the basement of his house after being used


Info for the visit

Benjamin Franklin’s house in London

36 Craven Street, London, WC2N 5NF

Opening hours

Architectural tour – Every Monday at 12:00, 13:00, 14:00, 15:15 and 16:15

School Day – Tuesday

Historical Experience – from Wednesday to Sunday at 1:00 p.m., 2:00 p.m., 3:15 p.m. and 4:15 p.m.

Opening Hours
Monday:
10:30 – 17:00
Tuesday:
Closed
Wednesday:
10:30 – 17:00
Thursday:
10:30 – 17:00
Friday:
10:30 – 17:00
Saturday:
10:30 – 17:00
Sunday:
10:30 – 17:00

Benjamin Franklin's house in london
Franklin, Jefferson and Adams write the Declaration of Independence of the United States. J. L. Gerome. XIX century.

 

History Of Tourism Greece. Roman Empire and Middle Ages
History Of Tourism Greece. Roman Empire and Middle Ages

 

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Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition

Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition at Queen’s Gallery

The 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci, is remembered this year. For this reason, an exhibition brings together more than 200 of the best drawings of the Renaissance master in the Royal Collection, forming the largest exhibition of Leonardo’s work in more than 65 years.

The drawing served as the laboratory of Leonardo da Vinci. This allowed him to develop his ideas and seek the universal laws that he believed that sustained and explained all creation.

Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition
Royal Collection Trust – Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition

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Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace

Escape rooms at Buckingham Palace

The art gallery of Buckingham Palace transformed four rooms into Escape rooms with Puzzles and riddles related to Leonardo da Vinci; as a reason for the 500th anniversary of the death of the artist.

The activity called Escape Room: Leonardo Artmergency! You can enjoy until October 12, every Friday and Saturday at 18:15, 18:45, 19:15 and 19:45.

Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace
Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace

In the challenge, teams of between four and eight people can participate, who must work together to solve a mystery or a riddle. These activities can only involve travelers over 14 years and the price is 150 pounds sterling for each team.

For more information and to purchase tickets, visit the official page of the Buckingham Palace art gallery. The Queen’s Gallery will be transformed into four rooms of thematic puzzles and riddles as you solve the mystery of the missing curator.


The escape rooms match with the Leonardo da Vinci exhibition: A Live in Drawing, which is exhibited in the Buckingham Palace Gallery, and shows 200 of the artist’s best drawings, from the Royal Collection itself.

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Tower Bridge in London. Anniversary of its opening

Tower Bridge: 125th Anniversary of its opening

The Tower Bridge in London, England, celebrates the 125th anniversary of its opening. The design was chosen among more than 50 alternative projects, some very extravagant.

tower bridge - Original Design - 125th
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

 

Known throughout the world for its two Gothic towers under which the bridge opens to let the ships pass. This monument is one of the obligatory points to visit in London, the British capital.

The current design was one of the 50 that tried to give a solution to the need for a new fluvial crossing. He had to allow the crossing between the banks and passage to the ships. At that time the port of London was the largest concentration of ships in the world.


50 designs for the Tower Bridge

 The head of the Tower Bridge, Chris Earlie, explains that there were very extravagant and very creative ideas. Here are some examples

tower bridge - Original Design - Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

 

The civil engineer Sir Joseph Bazalgette proposed this traditional design, based on the towers of London. The bridge was very high with long accesses. But it turns out that it was discovered that the horses that pulled the cars would be exhausted before reaching the top of the bridge. There were other designs with eccluds, rotating and even with tunnels.

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design - Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

Finally he won the project presented by the engineer Sir John Wolfe Barry and the architect Sir Horace Jones. A bridge that opens in the center, with huge chambers at the feet of the two towers to accommodate the counterweights that swing downward as the two parts of the walkway rise up.

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

The 125th anniversary was June 30 of this year 2019. Some of the alternative designs are exhibited in the exhibition halls. There were also actors who recreated the workers, engineers and inhabitants of the Victorian era.

 

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

The construction of the Tower Bridge

It worked for eight years to build the Tower Bridge, which was inaugurated on June 30, 1894 by the Prince of Wales Albert Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Future Edward VII). The same day of its inauguration, the prestigious specialized magazine The Builder described it as monstrous and grotesque. Its construction cost about 1.6 million pounds, which is equivalent to approximately 250 million dollars today

tower bridge - London 125th opening
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives


In the first year, the bridge operated by a steam engine was opened more than 6,000 times. Now it works with power generators and grid electricity and opens about 850 times a year. Most of the bridge openings are due to the passage of tourist boats, which must be notified 24 hours in advance. River traffic has priority over cars and pedestrians.

The old steam engine can be accessed by accessing one of the towers and is a steel and iron structure that combines three different types of bridges: suspension, beam and swing.

Visitors to the Tower

tower bridge - London 125th opening

Some 870,000 people visited the interior of the monument in 2018. The money raised goes to a charity of the City of London and adds more than 6 million pounds a year. There is a replica of London Tower bridge in the Chinese city of Suzhou and a future copy is prepared in the Philippines.

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Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Roman Empire: Routes & Network on Line Calculator

Land and Maritime

Stanford University has a calculator of sea and land routes, which existed in the Roman Empire. ( ORBIS) . The calculator has land routes, maritime coast and offshore, used during the Empire.
You can calculate the distance and the estimated time according to the season of the year. Also the cost of the transfer in denarii. Below are the examples

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Start of the application. With the marine and terrestrial routes

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator and Trade Network

You may be interested: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

Choose the place of departure and destination

And press calculate

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt

Long route ( Road & River) from Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt: The fastest trip from Londinium to Coptos in July takes 55.1 days, covering 6070 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road londinium to coptos

Costs in denarii

In Donkey : Per kilogram of wheat : 19.62
Per Wagon: Per kilogram of wheat : 22.29
Per passenger in a car: 2778.04

Cartago Nova to Rome

Cartago Nova ( Cartagena – Spain)  to Rome in July takes 11.3 days, covering 1.577 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network - Cartago nova to Rome

Same route as the previous one but in winter

Cartago nova to Rome in winter

Londinium to Rome in winter and summer

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator:  from Londinium to Rome in winter and summer. According to the season of the year varies the marine and terrestrial route

29 days, 2.897 km, in summer.

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator - londinium to Rome in winter
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

 

A Little History of Roman Roads

The Roman road was the road model used by Rome for the construction of its Empire. The road network was used by the army in the conquest of territories. Large forces could be mobilized with a speed never seen before.
He played a fundamental role in the economy because the transport of goods was significantly improved. The roads also had great influence in the diffusion of the new culture and in spreading the Romanization throughout the Empire.
The Itinerary of Antonino, of the 3rd century, is the written source that gives us more information about the Roman road network.

The roads united the cities of all points of the empire both military, turistic, commercial or administrative.  The trips were easy and fast for the time, with an organization that favored a comfort for its users. Thought, in principle for military use, will be the origin of the economic expansion of the Empire. They also facilitated their fall, since the invading barca towns used them for the conquest of the empire

 

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Americans on Vacation. Where are they going?

Americans on Vacation

Top Destinations

The preferred destinations of Americans outside the United States are reduced to five countries. To Mexico especially in the part of the Caribbean, Tulum, Playacar and Cancun. The most chosen European destinations are UK by history and culture. I have it that France and Italy. 

In France the most common destinations are Paris and the Loire Valley. to a lesser extent, the city of Església and the south of France, such as Carcassone. In Italy of course Rome, also Naples, Capri, Pompeii, Sicily, Milan and Cinque terre. By far after Rome the most visited is Venice

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?
Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

The cost of Vacation

The main expenses of Vacations: food, trips, gifts, duty free, transfers and transport, Christmas decorations, clothes, sports and accessories. The New Year is an opportunity to enjoy a vacation in: Las Vegas, New York, Colorado or Florida.

  • 37% of Americans pay nothing, especially when they are on vacation. Surprisingly,
  • 63% of Americans take payday loans for quick cash,.
  • During the holiday season, it is wise to control expenses, but also to use payday loans in a useful way
 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?
Vacation – Packages

What is spent in the new year?

  • Food
  • Alcohol
  • Trips
  • Gifts
  • Duty Free
  • Travel & Transport
  • Holiday Memorabilia
  • Clothes
  • Sports
  • Accessories – Gadgets & Cheap Designer Goods

All this can be purchased at Amazon.com

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?
Vacation – Packages

Enjoy your Vacations

Many Americans prefer to enjoy their vacations without any worries. For that nothing better than a cruise or an all inclusive in the Caribbean. Those are top destinations during the summer

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

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Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

You may be interested: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Guide of Relaxing Hotels for Presidents & Prime Ministers

Luxury Hotels 2018

Welcome Presidents & Prime Ministers. These are places to relax for a few days (hours?). So in a few minutes you can book some of these hotels and enjoy (even if they do not go, just book for the future of this blog)

Relaxation for Presidents & Prime Ministers. Five options to download pressures, lower triglycerides and cholesterol. Decrease blood pressure. You can even recover hair. It also decreases the bank account, but that’s not a problem, just think of the comfy chairs, the lavish views and the luxurious memory foam mattress. It’s a virtue. Let yourself be carried away by some of these places. and if you do not like it, hire others, but do it here! Enjoy the booking!

Mandarin Oriental New York - Guide of Relaxing Hotels for Presidents & Prime Ministers Book Now

Do not forget the accessories, in the hotels they will not sell them!

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The Beaches with Pink Sand of the Mediterranean Sea

The Best Pink Beach of the Mediterranean Sea

These are three beaches with pink sand found in the Mediterranean Sea. One in Greece, one in Italy and the last one in Spain. The sand has that color due to the remains of molluscs and marine algae that were deposited during thousands of years on those beaches.

Spiaggia Rossa, Sardinia -Italy

Located in the Bonifacio Strait, in the north of Sardinia, the beaches of Budelli are among the favorite ones of the region.

Pieces of coral, shells and bivalve mollusks give color to the sand of the spa that has been protected territory for twenty years and today offers a spectacular picture. The blue of the sea hits the pink beach and a little further on the intense green of the vegetation. Undoubtedly, a postcard to admire

Spiaggia Rossa, Sardinia -Italy Another best pink beach

 

Elafonisi, Greece

The small island, to the southwest of Crete, is one of the destinations that surprise tourists who travel the area. There is the Lafonisi Nature Reserve, which turns the landscape -columns of sea daffodils- into an even more spectacular site. A few kilometers to the north is Gramvousa, another pink sand resort.

elafonisi Another best pink beach

Beach of Ses Illetes, Spain

Another best pink beach is Formentera, like the other Balearic Islands, is known throughout the world for the quality of its beaches. This, located to the north within the Natural Park of Ses Salines. And was recognized among the five best beaches in the world and many consider it to be the most beautiful in Europe. It is surrounded by islands and reefs, four kilometers from the savina and can be accessed by land or sea. It has a gentle slope: 50 meters from the shore the sea reaches a depth of one and a half meters. For its natural wealth and its landscape value, it was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site

.Beach of Ses Illetes, Spain Another best pink beach