Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition

Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition at Queen’s Gallery

The 500th anniversary of the death of Leonardo da Vinci, is remembered this year. For this reason, an exhibition brings together more than 200 of the best drawings of the Renaissance master in the Royal Collection, forming the largest exhibition of Leonardo’s work in more than 65 years.

The drawing served as the laboratory of Leonardo da Vinci. This allowed him to develop his ideas and seek the universal laws that he believed that sustained and explained all creation.

Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition
Royal Collection Trust – Leonardo da Vinci Drawings Exhibition

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Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace

Escape rooms at Buckingham Palace

The art gallery of Buckingham Palace transformed four rooms into Escape rooms with Puzzles and riddles related to Leonardo da Vinci; as a reason for the 500th anniversary of the death of the artist.

The activity called Escape Room: Leonardo Artmergency! You can enjoy until October 12, every Friday and Saturday at 18:15, 18:45, 19:15 and 19:45.

Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace
Scape rooms at Buckingham Palace

In the challenge, teams of between four and eight people can participate, who must work together to solve a mystery or a riddle. These activities can only involve travelers over 14 years and the price is 150 pounds sterling for each team.

For more information and to purchase tickets, visit the official page of the Buckingham Palace art gallery. The Queen’s Gallery will be transformed into four rooms of thematic puzzles and riddles as you solve the mystery of the missing curator.


The escape rooms match with the Leonardo da Vinci exhibition: A Live in Drawing, which is exhibited in the Buckingham Palace Gallery, and shows 200 of the artist’s best drawings, from the Royal Collection itself.

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Tower Bridge in London. Anniversary of its opening

Tower Bridge: 125th Anniversary of its opening

The Tower Bridge in London, England, celebrates the 125th anniversary of its opening. The design was chosen among more than 50 alternative projects, some very extravagant.

tower bridge - Original Design - 125th
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

 

Known throughout the world for its two Gothic towers under which the bridge opens to let the ships pass. This monument is one of the obligatory points to visit in London, the British capital.

The current design was one of the 50 that tried to give a solution to the need for a new fluvial crossing. He had to allow the crossing between the banks and passage to the ships. At that time the port of London was the largest concentration of ships in the world.


50 designs for the Tower Bridge

 The head of the Tower Bridge, Chris Earlie, explains that there were very extravagant and very creative ideas. Here are some examples

tower bridge - Original Design - Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

 

The civil engineer Sir Joseph Bazalgette proposed this traditional design, based on the towers of London. The bridge was very high with long accesses. But it turns out that it was discovered that the horses that pulled the cars would be exhausted before reaching the top of the bridge. There were other designs with eccluds, rotating and even with tunnels.

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design - Sir Joseph Bazalgette
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

Finally he won the project presented by the engineer Sir John Wolfe Barry and the architect Sir Horace Jones. A bridge that opens in the center, with huge chambers at the feet of the two towers to accommodate the counterweights that swing downward as the two parts of the walkway rise up.

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

The 125th anniversary was June 30 of this year 2019. Some of the alternative designs are exhibited in the exhibition halls. There were also actors who recreated the workers, engineers and inhabitants of the Victorian era.

 

tower bridge - London 125th opening - Original Design
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives

The construction of the Tower Bridge

It worked for eight years to build the Tower Bridge, which was inaugurated on June 30, 1894 by the Prince of Wales Albert Edward of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Future Edward VII). The same day of its inauguration, the prestigious specialized magazine The Builder described it as monstrous and grotesque. Its construction cost about 1.6 million pounds, which is equivalent to approximately 250 million dollars today

tower bridge - London 125th opening
Courtesy London Metropolitan Archives


In the first year, the bridge operated by a steam engine was opened more than 6,000 times. Now it works with power generators and grid electricity and opens about 850 times a year. Most of the bridge openings are due to the passage of tourist boats, which must be notified 24 hours in advance. River traffic has priority over cars and pedestrians.

The old steam engine can be accessed by accessing one of the towers and is a steel and iron structure that combines three different types of bridges: suspension, beam and swing.

Visitors to the Tower

tower bridge - London 125th opening

Some 870,000 people visited the interior of the monument in 2018. The money raised goes to a charity of the City of London and adds more than 6 million pounds a year. There is a replica of London Tower bridge in the Chinese city of Suzhou and a future copy is prepared in the Philippines.

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Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Roman Empire: Routes & Network on Line Calculator

Land and Maritime

Stanford University has a calculator of sea and land routes, which existed in the Roman Empire. ( ORBIS) . The calculator has land routes, maritime coast and offshore, used during the Empire.
You can calculate the distance and the estimated time according to the season of the year. Also the cost of the transfer in denarii. Below are the examples

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Start of the application. With the marine and terrestrial routes

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator and Trade Network

You may be interested: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

Choose the place of departure and destination

And press calculate

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt

Long route ( Road & River) from Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt: The fastest trip from Londinium to Coptos in July takes 55.1 days, covering 6070 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road londinium to coptos

Costs in denarii

In Donkey : Per kilogram of wheat : 19.62
Per Wagon: Per kilogram of wheat : 22.29
Per passenger in a car: 2778.04

Cartago Nova to Rome

Cartago Nova ( Cartagena – Spain)  to Rome in July takes 11.3 days, covering 1.577 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network - Cartago nova to Rome

Same route as the previous one but in winter

Cartago nova to Rome in winter

Londinium to Rome in winter and summer

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator:  from Londinium to Rome in winter and summer. According to the season of the year varies the marine and terrestrial route

29 days, 2.897 km, in summer.

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator - londinium to Rome in winter
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

 

A Little History of Roman Roads

The Roman road was the road model used by Rome for the construction of its Empire. The road network was used by the army in the conquest of territories. Large forces could be mobilized with a speed never seen before.
He played a fundamental role in the economy because the transport of goods was significantly improved. The roads also had great influence in the diffusion of the new culture and in spreading the Romanization throughout the Empire.
The Itinerary of Antonino, of the 3rd century, is the written source that gives us more information about the Roman road network.

The roads united the cities of all points of the empire both military, turistic, commercial or administrative.  The trips were easy and fast for the time, with an organization that favored a comfort for its users. Thought, in principle for military use, will be the origin of the economic expansion of the Empire. They also facilitated their fall, since the invading barca towns used them for the conquest of the empire

 

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How Many People will Travel the World in 2019?

1.45 Billion People Travel the World in 2019

By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3% and 4%, compared to 2018: More in line with historical growth trends. The most visited countries in 2018 were France, Spain, the United States, Italy, China and Mexico.

Overall, the growth of 2018 was led by the growth of the Middle East (+ 10%). Africa (+ 7%). Asia-Pacific and Europe (both with 6% more). Arrivals in the Americas were below the world average (+ 3%). 

madrid Paris People will Travel the World in 2019

Travelers on the Rise Every Year

The number of international tourists in the world maintained its strong growth in 2018, with a rise of 6% to 1.4 billion people. Estimated the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The organization, whose study includes those international tourists who overnight in the site they visit, was pleased that the increase was located “clearly above the growth of 3.7% of the world economy.”

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Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

Americans on Vacation

Preferred Destinations

The preferred destinations of Americans outside the United States are reduced to five countries. To Mexico especially in the part of the Caribbean, Tulum, Playacar and Cancun. The most chosen European destinations are UK by history and culture. I have it that France and Italy. 

In France the most common destinations are Paris and the Loire Valley. to a lesser extent, the city of Església and the south of France, such as Carcassone. In Italy of course Rome, also Naples, Capri, Pompeii, Sicily, Milan and Cinque terre. By far after Rome the most visited is Venice

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?
Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

 

The cost of Vacation

The main expenses of holidays: food, trips, gifts, duty free, transfers and transport, Christmas decorations, clothes, sports and accessories. The New Year is an opportunity to enjoy a vacation in: Las Vegas, New York, Colorado or Florida.

  • 37% of Americans pay nothing, especially when they are on vacation. Surprisingly,
  • 63% of Americans take payday loans for quick cash,.
  • During the holiday season, it is wise to control expenses, but also to use payday loans in a useful way

 

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

What is spent in the new year?

  • Food
  • Alcohol
  • Trips
  • Gifts
  • Duty Free
  • Travel & Transport
  • Holiday Memorabilia
  • Clothes
  • Sports
  • Accessories – Gadgets & Cheap Designer Goods

All this can be purchased at Amazon.com

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?
Buy on Amazon.com

Enjoy your holidays

 Americans on vacation. Where are they going?

 

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Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

You may be interested: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Guide of Relaxing Hotels for Presidents & Prime Ministers

Luxury Hotels 2018

Welcome Presidents & Prime Ministers. These are places to relax for a few days (hours?). So in a few minutes you can book some of these hotels and enjoy (even if they do not go, just book for the future of this blog)

Relaxation for Presidents & Prime Ministers. Five options to download pressures, lower triglycerides and cholesterol. Decrease blood pressure. You can even recover hair. It also decreases the bank account, but that’s not a problem, just think of the comfy chairs, the lavish views and the luxurious memory foam mattress. It’s a virtue. Let yourself be carried away by some of these places. and if you do not like it, hire others, but do it here! Enjoy the booking!

Mandarin Oriental New York - Guide of Relaxing Hotels for Presidents & Prime Ministers Book Now

Do not forget the accessories, in the hotels they will not sell them!

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The Beaches with Pink Sand of the Mediterranean Sea

The Best Pink Beach of the Mediterranean Sea

These are three beaches with pink sand found in the Mediterranean Sea. One in Greece, one in Italy and the last one in Spain. The sand has that color due to the remains of molluscs and marine algae that were deposited during thousands of years on those beaches.

Spiaggia Rossa, Sardinia -Italy

Located in the Bonifacio Strait, in the north of Sardinia, the beaches of Budelli are among the favorite ones of the region.

Pieces of coral, shells and bivalve mollusks give color to the sand of the spa that has been protected territory for twenty years and today offers a spectacular picture. The blue of the sea hits the pink beach and a little further on the intense green of the vegetation. Undoubtedly, a postcard to admire

Spiaggia Rossa, Sardinia -Italy Another best pink beach

 

Elafonisi, Greece

The small island, to the southwest of Crete, is one of the destinations that surprise tourists who travel the area. There is the Lafonisi Nature Reserve, which turns the landscape -columns of sea daffodils- into an even more spectacular site. A few kilometers to the north is Gramvousa, another pink sand resort.

elafonisi Another best pink beach

Beach of Ses Illetes, Spain

Another best pink beach is Formentera, like the other Balearic Islands, is known throughout the world for the quality of its beaches. This, located to the north within the Natural Park of Ses Salines. And was recognized among the five best beaches in the world and many consider it to be the most beautiful in Europe. It is surrounded by islands and reefs, four kilometers from the savina and can be accessed by land or sea. It has a gentle slope: 50 meters from the shore the sea reaches a depth of one and a half meters. For its natural wealth and its landscape value, it was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site

.Beach of Ses Illetes, Spain Another best pink beach