The Natural Reserve Foz de Lumbier is a canyon formed by the Irati river in Navarra – Spain. It is very close to the mouth of the Aragón river. The force of the water opened a narrow, high gorge of more than a Mile in length between the Rocks of Lumbier.
There a multitude of birds nest, among which the vultures are the most numerous. Running between almost vertical walls 450 feet to 1200 feet high.
The human being dug a tunnel through which the Pamplona-Sangüesa industrial railroad circulated. That old railway infrastructure has now been converted into the Vía Verde de la Foz. It is a linear trekking and very easy to do 2 miles round trip.
Traveling is to reach a place and travel its streets, its landscapes and its monuments. But traveling to Pamplona – Spain – during the San Fermin festival is a unique experience.
The party begins on July 6 at noon, when the chupinazo (or Txupinazo) is launched from the Balcony of the City Council. An ocean of red handkerchiefs welcomes one of the most popular parties in the world between the 6th and the 14th of July.
What the hell is the Chupinazo?
It is the firing of a rocket from the City Hall by an authority, and the beginning of the party. But the good is not in this but in what happens in the square.
A lot of crowded people who can not move almost, start uncorking all kinds of drinks. And also to shout and celebrate. Much of the drink ends up in the clothes or on the floor. The crowd moves in waves. There is no place to stoop.
The experience is quite strong. Also for the time it is very hot so this cocktail is completed when from the balconies they throw buckets of water to the public.
Tips for surviving a Chupinazo
It can not be accessed with glass containers. You can get drinks like wine or champagne in plastic containers. Apart from this, the police control that it is carried out, for the safety of all.
The clothes to wear: White with a red handkerchief.
Wear comfortable shoes. Keep in mind that in the agglomeration the stomps are the rule.
Clothes that are worn will be discarded. Heat, sweat, alcocholicas drinks, buckets of water, food. All that and more will remain in the clothes. It’s a festive but wet climate
If you suffer the agglomerations do not even think of going. From noon until 2 PM it is almost suffocating.
If you have a camera or smartphone that is waterproof and better IP 69. Otherwise it will be destroyed
DO NOT go with children. It’s very dangerous
All the things that you want to carry like documents, money, credit cards, car keys, will invariably be lost. If you need to lose something this is the ideal place. If something falls it is lost. There is no possibility of collecting it.
Usually there can be some person or with some blows, although normally there are no injured of consideration
All people will enjoy and have fun. Respect and be respected
San Fermin 2019
Every year thousands of people from all over the world come to Pamplona (Spain) to enjoy the San Fermin festival. It begins with the Txupinazo but in the days that follow there are many activities. The streets are filled with bands of music, people, rocks and all that is paralyzed at the time of the Encierro (confinement).
The Encierro (confinement)
Between the slope of Santo Domingo and the alley that leads to the bullring, this show takes place. It lasts no more than five minutes and the route is half a mile (800 meters). Every day at eight in the morning there is a Encierro
The Encierro (confinement) consists of carrying six bulls that are going to be fought in the afternoon in the bullring. Six bulls or mansos also participate that guide the fighting bulls also to calm them until they reach their destination. The people who run in front of the bulls are experienced people, although novices participate every year
Each confinement is different. If it is clean and fast it will last three minutes, intense and showy, enough to observe the exploits of the almost professional runners and the clumsiness of the novices and the imprudence of those who ignore the rules of the race.
For children there are l parties with different activities such as puppets and puppets, also presentations of dances, street theaters and recitals
In the streets there are musical performances for all tastes, street music is constant in different places to sing and dance, with international bands and performers, jazz concerts and modern music.
The Party Was Over
The final day is celebrated with many dances and music, the last outing of giants and big heads is performed. Also the last bull run and eighth bullfight. At midnight of July 14 the closing of the party with fireworks is announced in the Town Hall Square. The audience gathers and taking off the red scarves, they sing the song Pobre de Mí showing the sadness for the end of the best festivals in the world : San Fermin. Do not forget to check the best travel gadgets to enjoy the Chupinazo and the San Fermin Festival
During all the holidays you can also rent balconies to witness all the events.
Welcome to Palace 2019: there is a new version of this activity. And the registration begins on March 11, 2019 at 5:00 pm Spanish Time. For us on the East Coast (New York City) will be 11.00AM and for those who are on the West Coast (San Francisco) will be 07.00 AM. They are visits to palaces that are NOT usually open to the public for different reasons.
Registration for free guided visits to Palacios de Madrid will be via web and in previous editions have been exhausted in just hours.
It is the sixth edition that is valid between April 2019 and January 2020 and the organization corresponds to the Directorate General of Cultural Heritage.
You can access more than 20 palaces that are cultural heritage and can not be visited if not through this program . There are also options apart from the guided tours such as live concerts and live performances.
All the information of the program Welcome to Palacio 2019-2020, places, places, activities dates etc. You can check here on the official website.
This is a selection of the best gadget power banks to charge any electronic device during a trip. Smatphone, eReaders or any accessory that can be charged by USB port. There are available from 1,000mAH to 85,000mAH.
To provide power to your travel devices, up to 89800 mah
We can find external batteries of great quality from US $ 20 to no more than 50-60 euros. Cheaper batteries usually have a capacity of 10,000 mAh, enough to charge an iPhone up to 3 times. While the most powerful batteries have up to 85,000 mAh load.
All the models in our list have a minimum capacity of 10,000 mAh to be able to charge the mobile phone at least 3 times. The most powerful batteries, + – 26,000 mAh allow to charge our mobile at least 8 times
Weight and size
Again, the weight and size are linked to the load capacity of the external battery. lighter batteries can weigh less than 10 oz (250 grams) with very small dimensions that make us not realize that we are carrying them. The most powerful external batteries usually have a weight of around 20 Oz (500 grams)
Verify that the models have the latest advances in security:
Protection against overheating
Protection against short circuits
Most of the best power bank have at least 2 output ports to be able to charge two devices at the same time. Some chargers have up to 5 output ports between USB, lightning, micro USB …
Ports of entry
The vast majority of chargers have a single input port to charge the external battery from the electric current. However, there are chargers that have 2 input ports reducing by half the charging time of the external battery if you have 2 cables.
All models have at least 1 year warranty by the manufacturer. The vast majority have 18 months and some of them have a lifetime guarantee!
Built in 2-Prong AC Plug Travel Charger Compatible for MacBook, Surface Pro, Dell XPS 13, iPhone Xs, Galaxy S9, Note 8
Check if an external battery is suitable for air travel
The regulation specifies that the nominal capacity must be less than 100 Wh (Watt-Hour). That is to say: any power bank with a capacity lower than 27000 mAh (at 3.7V) is apt to be carried on an airplane as carry-on luggage. – See the TSA regulations–
How is the nominal capacity calculated in Wh?
Normally, the power bank specification sheet usually indicates its nominal capacity in Ah and Wh but, if you can not find it, you can calculate it for yourself:
As you already know, a power bank consists of a set of lithium-ion batteries of a certain capacity and a voltage between 3.6 Volts 3.8 Volts.
To know the nominal capacity in Watt-hour (Wh) you must multiply the total capacity of the power bank indicated in mAh by this voltage and divide by 1000:
Rated capacity (Wh) = (mAh x V) / 1000
For example: An external battery with a capacity of 20000 mAh and a voltage of 3.7V, the nominal capacity will be:
Rated capacity = (20000 mAh x 3.7V) / 1000 = 74 Wh <100 Wh
Stanford University has a calculator of sea and land routes, which existed in the Roman Empire. ( ORBIS) . The calculator has land routes, maritime coast and offshore, used during the Empire. You can calculate the distance and the estimated time according to the season of the year. Also the cost of the transfer in denarii. Below are the examples
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator
Start of the application. With the marine and terrestrial routes
Choose the place of departure and destination
And press calculate
Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt
Long route ( Road & River) from Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt: The fastest trip from Londinium to Coptos in July takes 55.1 days, covering 6070 kilometers. Travel in Summer.
Costs in denarii
In Donkey : Per kilogram of wheat : 19.62 Per Wagon: Per kilogram of wheat : 22.29 Per passenger in a car: 2778.04
Cartago Nova to Rome
Cartago Nova ( Cartagena – Spain) to Rome in July takes 11.3 days, covering 1.577 kilometers. Travel in Summer.
Same route as the previous one but in winter
Londinium to Rome in winter and summer
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator: from Londinium to Rome in winter and summer. According to the season of the year varies the marine and terrestrial route
29 days, 2.897 km, in summer.
A Little History of Roman Roads
The Roman road was the road model used by Rome for the construction of its Empire. The road network was used by the army in the conquest of territories. Large forces could be mobilized with a speed never seen before. He played a fundamental role in the economy because the transport of goods was significantly improved. The roads also had great influence in the diffusion of the new culture and in spreading the Romanization throughout the Empire. The Itinerary of Antonino, of the 3rd century, is the written source that gives us more information about the Roman road network.
The roads united the cities of all points of the empire both military, turistic, commercial or administrative. The trips were easy and fast for the time, with an organization that favored a comfort for its users. Thought, in principle for military use, will be the origin of the economic expansion of the Empire. They also facilitated their fall, since the invading barca towns used them for the conquest of the empire
Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome: Historic Evolution of Tourism
Tourism is a series of trips made for pleasure or for commercial, professional or similar reasons, during which the absence of habitual residence is only temporary.
Modern tourism was born in the XIX century, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution, with displacements between distant places, with the main intention of developing leisure, rest, culture, health, business or family relations.
These movements are differentiated by their purpose of other types of travel originated by wars, migratory movements or conquest. But tourism has many historical antecedents.
Ancient Age Tourism: Greece
In 776 BC, the first Olympic Games were held, which consisted of athletic competitions in honor of the gods of Olympus. Artistic and athletic offerings were offered as a gift. Many times sacrifices and prayers were also performed in honor of some god in particular.
Although lesser known, the Pitios, Ismios and Nemeos festivals were also celebrated. These celebrations mobilized a large number of people, who of course, needed transportation and roads to travel. The roads system was very similar to that of the Persians and they usually traveled on foot or by donkey.
Greece had a network of inns that only offered a bed for the night. They did not have dining rooms or bathrooms
It is also known that in each city public baths were built, open to everyone, where tourists of that time had to bring their own towels. They took off their clothes and kept them in special lockers, and then a slave took care of the hygiene with jars of hot and cold water.
Acropolis & Pyramids
Pilgrimages to the different temples of Greece and to the oracles were very common. the most important one was that of Apollo in Delphi and among the most visited sanctuaries is the one of Esculapio, god of medicine.
The Greek lands also offered medicinal baths. Also seaside resorts, theater festivals and the opportunity to see monuments such as the Acropolis of Athens. The Acropolis are from the fifth century BC became one of the most visited sites in the world ancient along with the pyramids of Egypt. These were two of the seven wonders of the ancient world.
The Greeks visited other regions, such as Egypt. In most cases these visits were for military or trade matters, although it is known that the pyramids attracted many tourists.
In ancient Greece there were offices called proxenos. Here foreigners were received (it is remembered that foreigners did not have any kind of rights because of their status as non-citizens). It was for people who had problems to return to their city or country.
They could also need lodging, or even a loan to continue their trip. Many times the managers of these almost consular offices, arranged with merchants passages in boat where the tourists could take their own servants, offering them food and drink.
Slaves & Tourism
In classical Greece free men gave great importance to leisure, and devoted it to culture, entertainment, religion and sport. We must remember that all these activities could only be done by free men of the upper class or the Nobles. Many slaves were also available at that time.
Approximately seven slaves for each free man. It is for this reason that tourism was an exclusive activity of wealthy class that moved with servants, slaves and a considerable guard for protection. The tourist activity that was not religious or to attend the Olympic games was scarce.
Tourism in the Roman Empire
During Roman Empire the Romans frequented thermal waters and great spectacles, like the theaters, and the coliseums. They made trips to the Mediterranean coast in the city of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Campania area (near Naples).Also the island of Capri, where there were summer residences. The Emperor Tiberius had a villa on the island of Capri (today you can visit its ruins).
These pleasure trips were possible due to Pax Romana, the development of communication routes. They also influenced economic prosperity due to the trade that allowed the creation of an upper class. And of course free time.
A Bit of Roman History
During the empire (27 BC to 476 AD) begins a period of absolutism in Rome, where the emperor was chosen by the army. With Octavio Augusto (first emperor) the Pax Romana was achieved, which lasted approximately 200 years. In this epoch is where the Roman tourism had its maxima.
The empire was divided into provinces that in turn were divided into Municipium and Coloniae. It is depending on their legal hierarchy Each territorial division had services for public enjoyment and entertainment, which were sometimes visited by inhabitants of other territories.
All Roads Lead to Rome
These attractions were temples, circus maxima, pantheons, basilicas, markets, amphitheatres and theaters. All the provinces and colonies communicated through a network of roads, roads and roads, which began to be built around 150 BC, covering some 100,000 miles. This allowed to reach the entire empire from Scotland and Germany to Egypt, Persia and Crimea
Only for Military Use
In the beginning the Roman roads were designed for military use. Legions and military equipment could be moved much faster than if they were transferred to cross country. The time of transfer between cities was shortened not only for military use but for trade and tourism.
Patrician families used to send their children to Greece to receive rhetoric and philosophy classes. In this case, the route by sea was the most chosen, for the comforts and speed compared to the terrestrial displacement. Accommodation facilities on routes far from the Roman metropolis were very scarce.
Julio César, who was traveling at an extraordinary speed, traveled from the Rhone ( germany) to Rome in about eight days. However, the fastest journey of antiquity was, the one that made Tiberius to Drusus from Tichinum in Germany, a distance of 200 miles, made in 20 hours even though he had only one guide and had to make several changes of mount.
ORBIS – University of Stanford Raod & Network Calculator on Line
The Roman Empire Roads
There were stone signs indicating the distance to the next city, the name of the road, its construction date and its constructor Every 10 miles approx. There were some posts where travelers could change their exhausted horses and even eat. It was through these trade routes that tourism was developed as a secondary activity. Maritime routes were also used, being the main ports those of Alexandria / Egypt), Ostia (Italy) and Cartago Nova ( Spain).
ORBIS – University of Stanford Raod & Network Calculator on Line
Stones on The Roads
Plutarch, attributed to Gaius Graco, the placement of stones on the sides of the road, at close distance from each other, so that those who traveled on horseback could ride from them without the assistance of slaves. Keep in mind that the Romans did not use stirrups when riding.
The roads had a post service every five or six Roman miles and it was possible to travel through the Roman Empire at a rate of about one hundred miles a day or more. The journey from Antioch to Constantinople, a distance of 752 miles could be made in about six or seven days.
Tourism: Only the Upper Class
The Roman citizens were very fond of tourism, in most cases for pleasure. We must consider that it is the same case as the Greeks. Only free noble and upper class men could afford a tourist transfer. This transfer included servants, slaves, clients and armed escort. This was both by land and by sea.
The only documented case of the displacement of a high class and noble character was that of Cato the Elder, Senator and Roman governor of Hispania (Present Spain). Cato was mobilized on foot or on horseback with only one servant. The day he left to be governor he sold the horse so as not to cause more expenses to the treasury. Needless to say, his example was not imitated by anyone.
Returning to the main theme, tourism among the Romans included a displacement overnight at least one night and less than a year to a place of destination. All this done, of course, in free time. They had a lot of free time, getting to have 200 holidays a year (in 345 AD)
The Romans traveled to see the temples of the Mediterranean, the pyramids and monuments of Egypt. Also to attend the Olympic Games in Greece and the prosperous markets of Asia Minor. In these markets there were many exotic items never seen in Rome, with which to decorate the villas of Campania.
They also hired local guides and consulted papyri that explained a certain area and their entertainment possibilities. They were the tour guides of that time. Of course they bought something smaller as souvenirs and had a tendency to engrave the traveler’s name on the stones of the monuments they visited. This was at the request of the inhabitants, since the prestige of a noble visitor attracted more tourists.
The trips were made for pleasure, business or health or religious issues. Religious tourism and pilgrimages to both Greek and Roman temples became part of almost every tourist itinerary. But it was not about devotion but about entertainment. These temples were visited by tourists who in some cases were no longer sacred places, but monuments to visit. (almost equal to what happens today in the Catholic churches of Europe)
The Romans also liked to spend a leisure time away from the city and used to move to the Campania (Naples). From the time of the empire of Octavius Augustus, the Senate was no longer an institution of power. The emperor reigned and were not consulted.
The senators retired to live in the countryside, near Rome but away from it. The area chosen was Campania, Cities such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Tivoli, Beneventum and Islands such as Capri, where luxury villas were built. Infrastructure was also built as additional roads, ports, passenger ships, inns and markets.
The houses in the city of Rome became the second residence and the country villa the habitual residence. You find the infrastructure was also built in those compestres places. Amphitheatres (Pompeii), circus maxima, thermal baths and medicinal baths. all this thanks to the pax romana that lasted approximately 250 years from the reign of Octavius Augustus.
Emperor Caracalla built in Rome the baths that bear his name. They were public baths that had steam rooms, pools of hot water (caldarium) and cold (frigidarium), gymnastics, rest and massage rooms. There were also writing rooms, libraries and gardens.
On the island of Capri, the Tiberian emperor built a luxurious villa with a swimming pool. You can still visit today’s day
Amphitheaters for all
The construction of the Maximum Circus and the Colosseum in Rome, led to tourism also going in the other direction. Inhabitants of the entire empire wished to know Rome. The network of roads, security and the pax romana contributed to a flow of tourists to the Rome.
They also built amphitheatres like the Colosseum in Rome and theaters in other cities, which also enjoyed a fair share of tourists. We can name the theater of Orange (France) and the amphitheaters of Nimes and Arles (France). That amphitheaters can be visited nowadays and in a very good state of conservation.
My Darling, and if We Visit Esparta?
During the Roman domination in Greece, the city of Sparta, powerful and famous in other times became a focus of tourism on the part of the Roman upper class. Sparta no longer had possibilities of any kind, military or economic or political. But focused on their ancestral military education to young people. The education of the It was so hard that it became a tourist attraction in itself
The ritual combats that had traditionally been fought in the shrine of Artemis Ortia, under Roman domination, became the dimastígosis (they existed for a long time) , where the children were scourged and sometimes even death. Also the Romans had a deep curiosity to discover how a city so feared in its time, I am reduced to a town of goat herders and a circus military education.
Cicero tells in the Tusculanas (II 34) how Spartan education and its excesses had become a spectacle that attracted tourists. The crowd that comes to the show is so numerous that it was necessary to build an amphitheater in front of the temple to welcome it. This show attracted tourists until the fourth century of our era. Documented by Libanio in his Discourses, (I, 23).
End of the first part : Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Arde Lucus is a festival celebrated in Lugo – Spain. That is celebrated between the end of May and the month of June. Relive the life of the Roman Empire in the old Spanish city of Lugo. This service started in 2001 and fu to commemorate the founding of the city.
In the year 2017 it has been declared a National Tourist Interest Festival by the Spanish State and in its last two editions more than one million participants were reached, of which a third were foreigners
This festival that tries to evoke the ancient Roman city Lucus Augusti of the second century (now Lugo in Spanish territory), began to celebrate as we mentioned in 2001. It should be noted that the old (and magnificent) Roman defensive walls. Over the years, the number of visitors increased to 460,000 participants in 2009, leaving an income of around 10 million euros in the city.
This celebration is one of the two most important in Europe in terms of the evocation of the Roman Empire. The other is the French city of Nimes, with its spectacular Roman amphitheater, which we will talk about later.
By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3% and 4%, compared to 2018: More in line with historical growth trends. The most visited countries in 2018 were France,Spain, the United States, Italy, China and Mexico.
Overall, the growth of 2018 was led by the growth of the Middle East (+ 10%). Africa (+ 7%). Asia-Pacific and Europe(both with 6% more). Arrivals in the Americas were below the world average (+ 3%).
Travelers on the Rise Every Year
The number of international tourists in the world maintained its strong growth in 2018, with a rise of 6% to 1.4 billion people. Estimated the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The organization, whose study includes those international tourists who overnight in the site they visit, was pleased that the increase was located “clearly above the growth of 3.7% of the world economy.”
The preferred destinations of Americans outside the United States are reduced to five countries. To Mexico especially in the part of the Caribbean, Tulum, Playacar and Cancun. The most chosen European destinations are UK by history and culture. I have it that France and Italy.
The main expenses of holidays: food, trips, gifts, duty free, transfers and transport, Christmas decorations, clothes, sports and accessories. The New Year is an opportunity to enjoy a vacation in: Las Vegas, New York, Colorado or Florida.
37% of Americans pay nothing, especially when they are on vacation. Surprisingly,
63% of Americans take payday loans for quick cash,.
During the holiday season, it is wise to control expenses, but also to use payday loans in a useful way
This is a job where information is collected about the problem of tourism impact in some places. In some cities rational precautions are taken: But in others (very few) an alarming syndrome develops. The turismo-phobia. The turism-phobia. Here is the information that could gather, more personal experiences having personally visited four of those places.
Ada Colau shortly after taking office as mayor in 2015: “We do not want the city to become a cheap souvenir shop”. He put Venice as an example. The freezing of licenses for all the new hotels and apartments for holiday rentals, the fines for AirBnb, the projects for new tourist taxes and the studies to limit the number of visitors are the reasons that this blog uses to include in this list.
Welcome Presidents & Prime Ministers. These are places to relax for a few days (hours?). So in a few minutes you can book some of these hotels and enjoy (even if they do not go, just book for the future of this blog)
Relaxation for Presidents & Prime Ministers. Five options to download pressures, lower triglycerides and cholesterol. Decrease blood pressure. You can even recover hair. It also decreases the bank account, but that’s not a problem, just think of the comfy chairs, the lavish views and the luxurious memory foam mattress. It’s a virtue. Let yourself be carried away by some of these places. and if you do not like it, hire others, but do it here! Enjoy the booking!
Do not forget the accessories, in the hotels they will not sell them!
These are three beaches with pink sand found in the Mediterranean Sea. One in Greece, one in Italy and the last one in Spain. The sand has that color due to the remains of molluscs and marine algae that were deposited during thousands of years on those beaches.
Spiaggia Rossa, Sardinia -Italy
Located in the Bonifacio Strait, in the north of Sardinia, the beaches of Budelli are among the favorite ones of the region.
Pieces of coral, shells and bivalve mollusks give color to the sand of the spa that has been protected territory for twenty years and today offers a spectacular picture. The blue of the sea hits the pink beach and a little further on the intense green of the vegetation. Undoubtedly, a postcard to admire
The small island, to the southwest of Crete, is one of the destinations that surprise tourists who travel the area. There is the Lafonisi Nature Reserve, which turns the landscape -columns of sea daffodils- into an even more spectacular site. A few kilometers to the north is Gramvousa, another pink sand resort.
Another best pink beach is Formentera, like the other Balearic Islands, is known throughout the world for the quality of its beaches. This, located to the north within the Natural Park of Ses Salines. And was recognized among the five best beaches in the world and many consider it to be the most beautiful in Europe. It is surrounded by islands and reefs, four kilometers from the savina and can be accessed by land or sea. It has a gentle slope: 50 meters from the shore the sea reaches a depth of one and a half meters. For its natural wealth and its landscape value, it was declared by UNESCO a World Heritage Site
Walking Bilbao: It is a county located in the north of Spain The town of Bilbao is the capital with more than 340,000 inhabitants and is the most populated city of the autonomous community that extends along the estuary of Bilbao or the Nervión. The city is surrounded by two mountain ranges with an altitude that does not exceed 500 meters. It was founded at the end of the 13th century. This is a guide to tour Bilbao in two days
We arrived from Madridby air to the Bilbao airport. To go to the city center, if you do not choose the taxi, the bus is the best option. We take the Bizkaibus A3247, which costs 1.45 Euros and you can buy it in the same Bus. The bus takes about 30 minutes to go from the airport to Bilbao Termibus.
We can choose between staying in the city to visit a special place that we liked or to visit a nearby city
These are the options
One day in Madrid
Museum of Prado – Museo del Prado : For those who like Art, it will take all day. (and more if you prefer)
Queen Sofia Museum – Museo Reina Sofia : The same as the previous
Retiro Park and Bullring – Parque del Retiro y Plaza de Toros. It can include a bicycle ride (they are rented at the park entrance). Then visit the bullring that is very close to the park. ( all day). ( Book Hotels in Madrid)
If we decide to see lesta medieval city in a day we can visit the most important monuments, historical buildings and museums that welcomes inside.