Amazon Fresh

 Amazon Fresh What is Amazon Fresh? Amazon Fresh is the online retail shopping service that houses thousands of food, beverage and household products that will be delivered within two hours, even when ordered the same day. Providers in the US vary by city. One cool feature you get in the US is that you can create an Alexa shopping list and add it by voice throughout the day, then just order hands-free. In the UK, it works in cooperation with …

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Arde Lucus 2020 – Roman Festival in Spain

Ancient Rome Festival in Spain: Arde Lucus 2020: 

On June 25 to June 28, 2020

Arde Lucus is a festival celebrated in Lugo – Spain. That is celebrated between the end of May and the month of June. Relive the life of the Roman Empire in the old Spanish city of Lugo. This service started in
2001 and fu to commemorate the founding of the city.

Ancient Rome Festival in Spain: Arde Lucus 2020: On June 25 to June 28, 2020 Arde Lucus is a festival celebrated in Lugo – Spain. That is celebrated between the end of May and the month of June. Relive the life of the Roman Empire in the old Spanish city of Lugo. This service started in 2001 and fu to commemorate the founding of the city.
Ancien Roman troops Arde Lucus 2020

In the year 2017 it has been declared a National Tourist Interest Festival by the Spanish State and in its last two editions more than one million participants were reached, of which a third were foreigners

Lucus Augusti

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Bienvenidos a Palacio 2020

Visita a Palacios Poco Conocidos de Madrid

Ver Versión en Ingles

Como no está la edicion 2020 aqui esta la 2019 con los palacios a visitar: 

Bienvenidos a Palacio 2019 : hay una nueva version de esta actividad. Y comienza la inscripción el 11 de marzo de 2019 a las 17 hs Hora  Española. Para nosotros en la costa Este (New York City) serán las 11.00AM y para los que están en la costa Oeste (San Francisco)  serán las 07.00 AM. Son visitas a  palacios que NO están abiertos al público habitualmente por diferentes razones.

Las inscripciones para las visitas guiadas gratuitas a Palacios de Madrid serán por vía web y en las ediciones anteriores se han agotado en solo horas.

Bienvenidos a Palacio 2020 - Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez
Bienvenidos a Palacio - 2020 --  Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez

Es la sexta edición  que tiene vigencia entre abril de 2019 a enero de 2020 y  la organización corresponde a la Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural.

TOYS

 

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Se pueden acceder a más de 20 palacios que son patrimonio cultural y no se podrán visitar si no es mediante este programa.  También hay opciones aparte de las visitas guiadas como ser conciertos y actuaciones de epoca en vivo.

Toda la información del programa  Bienvenidos a Palacio 2019-2020, lugares, sitios, actividades fechas etc.  se puede consultar aquí en la web oficial.

Reservas en : http://www.bienvenidosapalacio2019.es

Bienvenidos a Palacio 2020 - Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez-
Bienvenidos a Palacio - 2020 -- Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez

Bienvenidos a Palacio 2019: Algunos Palacios 2018

  • Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez (Santa Isabel 44,  Atocha), actualmente sede de la Fundación de Ferrocarriles Españoles.
  • Palacio de Godoy
  • Cuartel General del Ejército de Tierra: Palacio de Buenavista (Barquillo 49, Chueca)
  • Palacio de Viana (Duque de Rivas 1, Tirso de Molina), sede del Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores o el
  • Palacio del Marqués de Fontalba sede dela Fiscalía General del Estado.
  • lista completa en la WEB OFICIAL 

Bienvenidos a Palacio 2020 -Madrid Palacio Real -
Madrid Palacio Real - se puede visitar todo el año

Puzzle 1000 Pieces

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Palacios a Visitar

  • Palacio de Buenavista (Cuartel General del Ejército de Tierra),
  • Palacio de D. Javier González-Longoria (Sociedad General de Autores y Editores),
  • Palacio del duque de Fernán Núñez (Fundación de los Ferrocarriles Españoles)
  • Palacio de los duques de Liria y Alba
  • Palacio del duque de Santoña (Cámara de Comercio, Industria de Madrid)
  • Palacio del marqués de Amboage (Residencia del Embajador de Italia)
  • Palacio del marqués de Villafranca (Real Academia de Ingeniería)
  • Palacio del infante don Luis de Borbón
  • Palacio de don Ignacio Bauer (Escuela Superior de Canto)
  • Palacio Laredo (Centro Internacional de Estudios Históricos Cisneros y Museo Cisneriano)
  • Palacio de Zurbano (Ministerio De Fomento).
  • Palacio de los marqueses de Fontalba (Fiscalía General de Estado)
  • Palacete del marqués de Rafal (Residencia del Embajador de Bélgica)
  • Casa-Palacio de don Manuel González-Longoria (Colegio Notarial de Madrid)
  • Palacio de Godoy, (Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales)
  • Palacio de la duquesa de Parcent (Ministerio de Justicia)
  • Palacete de Joaquín Sorolla (Museo Sorolla)
  • Palacio de Parque Florido (Museo Lázaro Galdiano)
  • Palacio del marqués de Villafranca (Real Academia de Ingeniería)
  • Palacio de los marqueses de Argüeso (Embajada de Argentina)
  • Palacio del marqués de Viana (Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores y de Cooperación)
  • Palacete de don Guillermo de Osma (Instituto Valencia Don Juan)
  • El Palacio del marqués de Villamejor
  • Palacio de la condesa de Adanero
  • Castillo-Palacio de Aldovea
  • Palacio del marqués de Gaviria.

 

Visitas  entre septiembre y diciembre 2019:

PALACIO DE BUENAVISTA. Cuartel General del Ejército de Tierra.

Calle de Prim, 6 Madrid    (Acceso visitas por calle de Alcalá)​

Día de la semana: martes
Fechas: del 10 de septiembre al 17 de diciembre
Sesiones: 11:00 y 12:30

PALACIO DE JAVIER GONZALEZ- LONGORIA. Sociedad General de Autores y Editores.

Calle de Fernando VI, 4 Madrid

Día de la semana: viernes
Fechas: del 13 de septiembre al 13 de diciembre
Sesiones: 16:00 y 17:00

PALACIO DEL MARQUÉS DE AMBOAGE. Embajada de Italia.

Calle de Lagasca, 98 Madrid

Día de la semana: miércoles y jueves
Fechas: 2 y 3 de octubre
Sesiones: 10:00, 11:00, 12:00, 13:00, 14:00, 16:00 y 17:00

PALACIO LAREDO. Centro Internacional de Estudios Históricos Cisneros y Museo Cisneriano.

Paseo de la Estación, 10 Alcalá de Henares

Día de la semana: sábados y domingos
Fechas: del 14 de septiembre al 15 de diciembre
Sesiones: 11:00

PALACETE DE JOAQUIN SOROLLA. Museo Sorolla.

Paseo del General Martínez Campos, 37 Madrid

Día de la semana: miércoles
Fechas: del 11 de septiembre al 27 de noviembre
Hora: 18:45

CASA-PALACIO MANUEL GONZALEZ- LONGORIA. Colegio Notarial de Madrid.

Calle Ruiz de Alarcón, 3 Madrid

Día de la semana: miércoles
Fechas: 18 y 25 de septiembre
Sesiones: 12:00

PALACIO PARQUE FLORIDO. Museo Lázaro Galdiano.

Calle Serrano, 122, Madrid

Día de la semana: miércoles
Fechas: del 11 de septiembre al 11 de diciembre
Sesiones: 12:30

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PALACIO DEL MARQUÉS DE VILLAFRANCA. Real Academia de Ingeniería.

Calle de Don Pedro, 10, Madrid

Día de la semana: de lunes a jueves
Fechas: del 9 al 19 de septiembre
Sesiones: 10:00 y 11:00

PALACIO DEL MARQUESES DE FONTALBA. Fiscalía General de Estado.

Calle de Fortuny, 4 Madrid

Día de la semana: viernes y sábado
Fechas: del 20 de septiembre al 21 de diciembre
Sesiones: 16:30 y 17:30, 11:30 y 12:30

PALACETE MARQUESES DE ARGÜESO. Embajada de la República Argentina ante el Reino de España.

Calle de Fernando el Santo, 13 Madrid

Día de la semana: jueves
Fechas: 5 de septiembre
Sesiones: 11:00 y 12:00

PALACIO DE VIANA. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Unión Europea y Cooperación.

Calle del Duque de Rivas, 1 Madrid

Día de la semana: de lunes a miércoles
Fechas: del 7 al 23 de octubre
Sesiones: 10:00, 11:30 y 16:00

PALACIO DEL DUQUE DE SANTOÑA. Cámara de Comercio, Industria y Servicios de Madrid.

Calle de las Huertas, 13 Madrid

Día de la semana: viernes
Fechas: 11 y 13 de septiembre
Sesiones: 10:00, 11:00, 12:00 y 13:00

PALACIO DE ZURBANO. Ministerio de Fomento. 

Calle de Zurbano, 7 Madrid

Día de la semana: de lunes a miércoles
Fechas: del 4 al 27 de noviembre
Sesiones: 10:00, 11:00 y 12:00

PALACIO DEL MARQUÉS DE VILLAMEJOR. Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública.

Paseo de la Castellana, 3 Madrid

Día de la semana: domingo
Fechas: del 8 de septiembre al 15 de diciembre
Sesiones: 11: 30 y 12:30

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PALACIO DE LA CONDESA DE ADANERO. Ministerio de Política Territorial y Función Pública.

Calle Santa Engracia, 7 Madrid

Día de la semana: domingo
Fechas: del 22 de septiembre al 1 de diciembre
Sesiones: 11:30 y 12:30

PALACIO DEL MARQUÉS DE GAVIRIA.

Calle del Arenal, 9 Madrid

Día de la semana: lunes
Fechas: del 18 de noviembre al 2 de diciembre
Hora: 17:00

PALACIO DEL INFANTE DON LUIS DE BORBÓN.

Av. de Adolfo Suárez, 27 Boadilla del Monte

Día de la semana: sábado y domingo
Fechas: del 26 de octubre al 24 de noviembre
Sesiones: 11:00, 12:00 y 13:00

PALACETE DE BASILIO AVIAL. Sede de la Presidencia de la ONCE.

Calle de José Ortega y Gasset, 18 Madrid

Día de la semana: sábado
Fechas: 19 de octubre y 16 de noviembre
Sesiones: 11:30 y 12:30

PALACIO DEL MARQUÉS DE SALAMANCA. Sede de la Fundación BBVA.

Paseo de Recoletos, 10 Madrid

Día de la semana: viernes y sábado
Fechas: del 27 de septiembre al 14 de diciembre
Sesiones: 10:30, 12:00, 16:00 y 17:00

PALACIO DE LOS MARQUESES DE SANTA CRUZ. Fundación Don Álvaro de Bazán

Calle de San Bernardino, 14 Madrid

Día de la semana: jueves
Fechas: del 12 de septiembre del 19 de diciembre
Sesiones: 11:30

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PALACIO DE GODOY. Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales.

Plaza de la Marina Española, 9 Madrid

Día de la semana: viernes 
Fechas: del 13 de septiembre al 29 de noviembre 
Sesiones: 17:30 y 18:30

Madrid Informacion Util

Como viajar de USA a Madrid ( España) 

New York ► Madrid - Barajas Airport

  •  Air France 8 h  Direct 
  •  KLM 8 h  Direct 
  •  Delta 8 h  Direct 
  •  Tap Air Portugal 7 h 55 m Direct 
  •  United 7 h 50 m Direct 
  •  Lufthansa 7 h 50 m Direct 
  •  Brussels Airlines 7 h 50 m Direct 

Quizas Tambien le Interese

 

How Many People will Travel the World?

How many People Travel the World?: USA 2020: Covid19 TSA checkpoint travel numbers 2020 and 2019 Comparison of the number of passengers according to TSA from 3/1/2020 to present day Predictions of the number of people traveling the world in 2020 are no longer valid due to the COVID19 pandemic – The table above shows the evolution of traffic in the United States (abrupt decline at the beginning of the year) from January 2020 to data from Set 2020 according …

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The History of Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome.

Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome: Historic Evolution of Tourism

This is the first part of an investigation of the History of Tourism. The second part, Tourism in the Middle Ages can be read here
Tourism is a series of trips made for pleasure or for commercial, professional or similar reasons, during which the absence of habitual residence is only temporary.

Triumph Arch in Via Agrippa - Orange - (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome -Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome: Historic Evolution of Tourism This is the first part of an investigation of the History of Tourism. The second part, Tourism in the Middle Ages can be read here   Tourism is a series of trips made for pleasure or for commercial, professional or similar reasons, during which the absence of habitual residence is only temporary.
Triumph Arch in Via Agrippa - Orange - (France)

Modern tourism was born in the XIX century, as a consequence of the Industrial Revolution, with displacements between distant places, with the main intention of developing leisure, rest, culture, health, business or family relations.

These movements are differentiated by their purpose of other types of travel originated by wars, migratory movements or conquest. But tourism has many historical antecedents.

 

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Ancient Age Tourism: Greece

In 776 BC, the first Olympic Games were held, which consisted of athletic competitions in honor of the Gods of Olympus. Artistic and athletic offerings were offered as a gift. Many times sacrifices and prayers were also performed in honor of some god in particular.

 

 Acropolis - Atenas -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Acropolis - Atenas - Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

Although lesser known, the Pitios, Ismios and Nemeos festivals were also celebrated. These celebrations mobilized a large number of people, who of course, needed transportation and roads to travel. The roads system was very similar to that of the Persians and they usually traveled on foot or by donkey. 

Greece had a network of inns that only offered a bed for the night. They did not have dining rooms or bathrooms

It is also known that in each city public baths were built, open to everyone, where tourists of that time had to bring their own towels. They took off their clothes and kept them in special lockers, and then a slave took care of the hygiene with jars of hot and cold water.

Acropolis & Pyramids

Pilgrimages to the different temples of Greece and to the oracles were very common. the most important one was that of Apollo in Delphi and among the most visited sanctuaries is the one of Esculapio, god of medicine.

The Greek lands also offered medicinal baths. Also seaside resorts, theater festivals and the opportunity to see monuments such as the Acropolis of Athens. The Acropolis are from the fifth century BC became one of the most visited sites in the world ancient along with the pyramids of Egypt. These were two of the seven wonders of the ancient world.

The Greeks visited other regions, such as Egypt. In most cases these visits were for military or trade matters, although it is known that the pyramids attracted many tourists.

 

Roman Theater - Orange - France Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Roman Theater - Orange - France

Proxenos

In ancient Greece there were offices called proxenos. Here foreigners were received (it is remembered that foreigners did not have any kind of rights because of their status as non-citizens). It was for people who had problems to return to their city or country.

They could also need lodging, or even a loan to continue their trip. Many times the managers of these almost consular offices, arranged with merchants passages in boat where the tourists could take their own servants, offering them food and drink.

 

You may be interested: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

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Slaves & Tourism

In classical Greece free men gave great importance to leisure, and devoted it to culture, entertainment, religion and sport. We must remember that all these activities could only be done by free men of the upper class or the Nobles. Many slaves were also available at that time.

Approximately seven slaves for each free man. It is for this reason that tourism was an exclusive activity of wealthy class that moved with servants, slaves and a considerable guard for protection. The tourist activity that was not religious or to attend the Olympic games was scarce.

 

Amphitheaters & Odeon of Lyon (France) -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome: Odeon of Lyon (France) -

Tourism in the Roman Empire

During Roman Empire, the Romans frequented thermal waters and great spectacles, like the theaters, and the coliseums. They made trips to the Mediterranean coast in the city of Pompeii and Herculaneum, Campania area (near Naples).Also the island of Capri, where there were summer residences. The Emperor Tiberius had a villa on the island of Capri (today you can visit its ruins).
These pleasure trips were possible due to Pax Romana, the development of communication routes. They also influenced economic prosperity due to the trade that allowed the creation of an upper class. And of course free time.

A Bit of Roman History

Amphitheaters of Nimes (France) - Ancient Tourism
Amphitheaters of Nimes (France)

During the empire (27 BC to 476 AD) begins a period of absolutism in Rome, where the emperor was chosen by the army. With Octavio Augusto (first emperor) the Pax Romana was achieved, which lasted approximately 200 years. In this epoch is where the Roman tourism had its maxima.
The empire was divided into provinces that in turn were divided into Municipium and Coloniae.  It is depending on their legal hierarchy Each territorial division had services for public enjoyment and entertainment, which were sometimes visited by inhabitants of other territories.

Temple of Juno- Nimes France
Temple of Juno- Nimes France

All Roads Lead to Rome

These attractions were temples, circus maxima, pantheons, basilicas, markets, amphitheatres and theaters. All the provinces and colonies communicated through a network of roads, roads and roads, which began to be built around 150 BC, covering some 100,000 miles. This allowed to reach the entire empire from Scotland and Germany to Egypt, Persia and Crimea

Roman Roads -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Roman Roads -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

Only for Military Use

In the beginning the Roman roads were designed for military use. Legions and military equipment could be moved much faster than if they were transferred to cross country. The time of transfer between cities was shortened not only for military use but for trade and tourism.

Patrician families used to send their children to Greece to receive rhetoric and philosophy classes. In this case, the route by sea was the most chosen, for the comforts and speed compared to the terrestrial displacement. Accommodation facilities on routes far from the Roman metropolis were very scarce.

Julius Caesar, who was traveling at an extraordinary speed, traveled from the Rhone ( germany)  to Rome in about eight days. However, the fastest journey of antiquity was, the one that made Tiberius to Drusus from Tichinum in Germany, a distance of 200 miles, made in 20 hours even though he had only one guide and had to make several changes of mount.

 

ORBIS  - University of Stanford  Raod & Network Calculator on Line

 

ORBIS  - University of Stanford  Raod & Network Calculator on Line
Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

The Roman Empire Roads

There were stone signs indicating the distance to the next city, the name of the road, its construction date and its constructor Every 10 miles approx. There were some posts where travelers could change their exhausted horses and even eat. It was through these trade routes that tourism was developed as a secondary activity. Maritime routes were also used, being the main ports those of Alexandria / Egypt), Ostia (Italy), Siracuse ( Italy)  and Cartago Nova ( Spain).

A Denarius per Mile

Besides being dangerous, traveling in ancient Rome was also very expensive, especially by Land. Only those who had good reasons to travel traveled, be they economic or, more often, military. A long overland carriage ride could cost on the order of a denarius per mile. According to the Bible, a denarius was the daily salary of a worker, so one can get used to the idea of the enormous economic effort involved in moving around the Empire.


Stones on The Roads

Plutarch, attributed to Gaius Graco, the placement of stones on the sides of the road, at close distance from each other, so that those who traveled on horseback could ride from them without the assistance of slaves. Keep in mind that the Romans did not use stirrups when riding.
The roads had a post service every five or six Roman miles and it was possible to travel through the Roman Empire at a rate of about one hundred miles a day or more. The journey from Antioch to Constantinople, a distance of 752 miles could be made in about six or seven days.

Triumph Arch in Via Domitia - Saint Remy de Provence - (France)- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Triumph Arch in Via Domitia and Mausoleum of Glanum - Saint Remy de Provence - (France)

The mausoleum of Glanum is a Roman funerary monument located in the ancient city of Glanum, near the city of Saint-Rémy de Provence (France). Built between the years 30 and 20 BC (August Emperor) It is a tribute to a family of Gallic origin that obtained Roman citizenship fighting in the Roman army. There is an inscription in the mummies

SEX.M.L.IVLEI.C.F.PARENTIVUS.SVEIS
--SEX (your) M (arcus) L (ucius) IVLIEI C (aii) • F (ilii) PARENTIBVS SVEIS--
SEXTUS, LUCIUS (and) MARCUS IULII (Julia) SONS of CAIUS (dedicate this) to their parents

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Hound Outward - Lifeguard For Dogs
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Gaius Julius Caesar - Academic Trip and Kidnapping

Julius Caesar, in 75 B.C. He had had to flee from Rome since he was at odds with the Roman dictator Sila. Banished to the Aegean Islands to avoid the assassins of Sila, he devoted himself to study and prepare for when he returned to Rome. It was just on a trip to study at the Oratory and Eloquence Academy of Molon of Rodas was tackled by sackcloth pirates - (Cilicia, on the south coast of present-day Turkey)

The pirates valued the rescue to be requested by the crew in a total of 20 talents. Julius Caesar to the astonishment of the pirates, he told them to ask for nothing more and nothing less than 50 talents for his life. Obviously the pirates had nothing to object to.

A talent corresponded to the weight of a cubic foot of water, which in ancient Rome amounted to 75 Pounds / 1200 oz. If we say that gold, today, is U$S 1400 per Oz, Total are U$S 1,680,000 per tatent

Gaius Julius Caesar was transferred to the island of Farmacusa (off the coast of Halicarnassus), where he stayed, together with a friend and two servants held by the pirates. The rest of the crew was sent to seek rescue. It was 38 days before the envoys came with the money, in which the chroniclers (Plutarch, especially) tells that Julius Caesar, rather than being imprisoned, lived like a king

He dedicated himself to sports, writing poetry, studying and writing speeches - which forced his kidnappers to listen - and even silenced the pirates when they wouldn't let him sleep.

During his captivity, Julius Caesar threated that when he was released, he would capture them, recover the money and crucify them. Obviously, the pirates didn't take it too seriously. Once the rescue was obtained Julio César was released

#Venus Callipyge: The #Roman Statue of the Beautiful #Buttocks #Aphrodite #history
Venus Callipyge: The Roman Statue of the Beautiful Buttocks

Once released he went to Pergamum, where he got 500 soldiers and 4 ships, returning to Farmacusa and catching the pirates in full celebration for their loot, capturing them without too much trouble. The 350 pirates were taken to Pergamum again. There, Julius Caesar sent everyone to 30, who were crucified as he had promised. of course, as a humanitarian detail made them slaughter before crucifying them.

In this way, Julius Caesar  apart from creating a reputation that did not leave him until Bruto murdered him many years later, he managed to keep the 50 rescue talents. 

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Tourism: Only the Upper Class

The Roman citizens were very fond of tourism, in most cases for pleasure. We must consider that it is the same case as the Greeks. Only free noble and upper class men could afford a tourist transfer. This transfer included servants, slaves, clients and armed escort. This was both by land and by sea. 
The only documented case of the displacement of a high class and noble character was that of Cato the Elder, Senator and Roman governor of Hispania (Present Spain). Cato was mobilized on foot or on horseback with only one servant. The day he left to be governor he sold the horse so as not to cause more expenses to the treasury. Needless to say, his example was not imitated by anyone.

Roman Theater - Orange -- (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Roman Theater - Orange - France -- Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

Returning to the main theme, tourism among the Romans included a displacement overnight at least one night and less than a year to a place of destination. All this done, of course, in free time. They had a lot of free time, getting to have 200 holidays a year (in 345 AD)

Non-Religious Tourism

The Romans traveled to see the temples of the Mediterranean, the pyramids and monuments of Egypt. Also to attend the Olympic Games in Greece and the prosperous markets of Asia Minor. In these markets there were many exotic items never seen in Rome, with which to decorate the villas of Campania.

They also hired local guides and consulted papyri that explained a certain area and their entertainment possibilities. They were the tour guides of that time. Of course they bought something smaller as souvenirs and had a tendency to engrave the traveler's name on the stones of the monuments they visited. This was at the request of the inhabitants, since the prestige of a noble visitor attracted more tourists.

 

Temple of Juno - Nimes - (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Temple of Juno - Nimes - (France) -Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

The trips were made for pleasure, business or health or religious issues. Religious tourism and pilgrimages to both Greek and Roman temples became part of almost every tourist itinerary. But it was not about devotion but about entertainment. These temples were visited by tourists who in some cases were no longer sacred places, but monuments to visit. (almost equal to what happens today in the Catholic churches of Europe)

Weekend Roman Villas: Capri & Pompeii

The Romans also liked to spend a leisure time away from the city and used to move to the Campania (Naples). From the time of the empire of Octavius ​​Augustus, the Senate was no longer an institution of power. The emperor reigned and were not consulted.

The senators retired to live in the countryside, near Rome but away from it. The area chosen was Campania, Cities such as Pompeii, Herculaneum, Tivoli, Beneventum and Islands such as Capri, where luxury villas were built. Infrastructure was also built as additional roads, ports, passenger ships, inns and markets.

Pompeii History
Pompeii History of Tourism

The houses in the city of Rome became the second residence and the country villa the habitual residence. You find the infrastructure was also built in those country places. Amphitheatres (Pompeii), circus maxima, thermal baths and medicinal baths. all this thanks to the pax romana that lasted approximately 250 years from the reign of Octavius Augustus.

Emperor Caracalla built in Rome the baths that bear his name. They were public baths that had steam rooms, pools of hot water (caldarium) and cold (frigidarium), gymnastics, rest and massage rooms. There were also writing rooms, libraries and gardens. 

On the island of Capri, the Tiberian emperor built a luxurious villa with a swimming pool. You can still visit today's day

Amphitheaters for all

The construction of the Maximum Circus and the Colosseum in Rome, led to tourism also going in the other direction. Inhabitants of the entire empire wished to know Rome. The network of roads, security and the pax romana contributed to a flow of tourists to the Rome.

They also built amphitheatres like the Colosseum in Rome and theaters in other cities, which also enjoyed a fair share of tourists. We can name the theater of Orange (France) and the amphitheaters of Nimes and Arles (France).  That amphitheaters can be visited nowadays and in a very good state of conservation.

amphitheaters of Nimes and Arles (France) Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Amphitheater of Nimes (France)

Backpacks

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My Darling, and if We Visit Esparta?

During the Roman domination in Greece, the city of Sparta, powerful and famous in other times became a focus of tourism on the part of the Roman upper class. Sparta no longer had possibilities of any kind, military or economic or political. But focused on their ancestral military education to young people. The education of the It was so hard that it became a tourist attraction in itself

 

Amphitheater in Sparta Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome
Amphitheater in Sparta -Tourism in Ancient Greece and Rome

 

 

The Ritual

The ritual combats that had traditionally been fought in the Sanctuary of Artemis Orthia, under Roman domination, became the dimastígosis (they existed for a long time) ,  where the children were scourged and sometimes even death. Also the Romans had a deep curiosity to discover how a city so feared in its time, I am reduced to a town of goat herders and a circus military education.

Cicero tells in the Tusculanas (II 34) how Spartan education and its excesses had become a spectacle that attracted tourists. The crowd that comes to the show is so numerous that it was necessary to build an amphitheater in front of the temple to welcome it. This show attracted tourists until the fourth century of our era. Documented by Libanio in his Discourses, (I, 23).

 

 

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