39 Most Useful Travel Gadgets in 2019

The Useful and Practical Travel Gadgets in 2019

Useful Travel Gadgets that make the trip easier

37 most useful travel accessories in 2019: From luggage with tracker to scales to calculate the weight of the bag and adapters for plugs, a guide with objects that every traveler will appreciate at the time of packing. All these articles are designed to save time and money on any trip.

In this first post about travel accessories, the most useful and common ones were selected. they are grouped by categories, so if the article you are looking for is not here, just access it by the nearest category. Enjoy the purchase at Amazon.com.  

Camping and outdoors accessories in this site click here – travel gadgets web page here


Luggage Cover

Travel Luggage Protective Covers for 26″-30″ Suitcase Elastic

Luggage cover vintage

 


Travel Gadgets Blood Pressure 

More info in Review


Fragrance Atomizer

Sen7 Twist Lockable Refillable Fragrance Atomizer

Sen7 Twist Lockable Refillable Fragrance Atomizer

 

Samsung Galaxy S10+ Plus

512GB / 8GB RAM SM-G975F/DS Hybrid/Dual-SIM (GSM Only, No CDMA) Factory Unlocked 4G/LTE Smartphone 


Power Bank

To provide power to your travel devices, up to 89800 mah

See complete Post

Wireless Car Charger

iPhone X/XS MAX/XR/XS/8/8 Plus Samsung Galaxy S9/S9+/S8/S8+/S7/S6 Edge Plus Note 9/8/7/6 Automatic Clamping Luxury Fast Wireless Charger 10W 7,5W 5W+Qi Enabled Phone

 

Car Charger


 

Double Layer Electronic Organizer

Travel Gadget Storage Bag for Cables, Mini Changer, Plug and More, Perfect Size Fits for Tablet, iPad Air, iPad Mini


Mobile WiFi Hotspot & Power Bank Global SIM

Unlimited Data –Global SIM-Free 4G LTE –Pay-as-You-go –Coverage in North America, South America, Europe, Asia, Africa, Australia

travel gadgets 2019- WiFi Hotspot & Power Bank Global SIM

  • Your Portable Global Hub: Travel the world with Skyroam’s super fast global 4G LTE hotspot with embedded power bank, one pocket-sized solution for all your WiFi needs.
  • Long-Lasting: Stay online all day long with 16+ hours of battery life. Keep your gadgets charged on-the-go with the 6000 mAh power bank.
  • Instant coverage in 130+ countries: Skyroam’s unique virtual SIM automatically connects you to the best speeds at top destinations in Europe, The Americas, Asia, Africa & Australia.
  • Simple, Cost-Saving Pricing: Get UNLIMITED data anywhere around the globe for just $9 per day pass. Buy day passes only when you need them!
  • Secure & Shareable: Encrypted connection for 5 devices. Keep your smartphone, tablet, laptop and reader online simultaneously.

Travel Storage bags – no pump needed

vacuum space saver compression,

FIT UP TO 3x MORE ON YOUR TRIP: Increase space in your suitcase or carry on with premium space saving bags. To use simply place clothes, comforter, or fabric, close the bag sealer, and start rolling beginning form the zipper. The air will exit from the bottom of the bags until you fabric reaches maximum compression. Buy on Amazon.com


 

Archie Mcphee Instant underpants

Just add water one pair


Waterproof Video Sunglasses

Camera Sunglasses  IP66 Level Water Protection. ULTRA HD 1080P VIDEO RECORDING: 1080P Ultra Full HD Resolution Video with Audio.  US Safety Lens Standard ANSI/ISEA Z87.1-2015 Impact Resistant for Eye and Face Protection, 100% UV400 Protection Polarized Lens with FDA Drop Bell Lens for all Kinds of Outdoor Sports.  The Battery Recording 60 Minutes for One Charge.Recording. 32GB Memory. 5 Hours Video Info. 


Everything You Need  for Extreme  Experiences

This survival equipment has all the tools that a person needs in extreme conditions. This survival kit includes a lighter, survival bracelet, scraper, carabiner, Swiss stainless steel card, tactile flashlight, emergency blanket, whistle, tactical ballpoint pen, wood cutter, compass and black box.

Outdoor Survival Gear 2019


Portable Espresso Machine

Wacaco Minipresso GR,  Compatible Ground Coffee, Small Travel Coffee Maker, Manually Operated from Piston Action – Travel Gadget 2019 Star!

portable espresso machine - Travel Gadgets 2019

 Smart Suitcase

New travel gear: for Men and Women

Luggage smart - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019

  • Automatic follow-up Autonomous obstacle avoidance can automatically follow you. Smart wristband anti-lost alarm for safety and security. Human distance 2m alarm
  • Induction switching Universal wheel mode Automatic follow mode Switching only needs to hold the handle Removable battery boarding worry-free Battery meets global airline standards Can board. One most useful travel accessories.
  • Maximum speed 3m/s Gearless structure Quiet operation Large capacity 34L capacity
  • More Info & Price :Amazon.com

Travel Gadget: Shower Speaker Waterproof

Great for Outdoors and Shower.The silicone cases and interface design ensure Shockproof, Dustproof ,level up to IPX5, can be used for shower or outdoor (DO NOT immerse it into water)

speaker - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019


Travel Adapters for Europe

One most useful and practical travel accessories : Travel Adapter 

International Power Plug Converter UK Plug Adapter Kits with Dual USB Ports Worldwide

All in One AC Wall Outlet Charger Adapters for UK, US, AU, Europe & Asia

20 most useful travel accessories in 2019- Adapter 220v

Shavers for Women & Men

Shavers for Women & Men - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019

 

 


Fast, free delivery on over 100 million items

Travel Alarm Clock

Travel Alarm Clock with Calendar & Temperature – Battery Included

20 most useful travel accessories in 2019- Travel Clock


Digital Luggage Scale

Travel Gadget: Luggage Scale, Stainless Steel Backlight LCD Display Digital Hanging Luggage Weight Scale

Scale Luggage 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Luggage & Travel Carry On

Luggage Carry On Expandable Suitcase With Spinner Wheels

Luggage & Travel Gear 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Best eBook readers

Travel gadget: Kindle Paperwhite – Kobo – Sony – Onyx Boox – Fire – Voyage

eBook readers - 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Travel Toothbrush

One most useful and practical travel accessories 

Travel Toothbrush -20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Airplane Travel Gadgets

Everlasting Comfort 100% Pure Memory Foam Neck Pillow Airplane

Travel Pillow - 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Top Travel Backpacks

Laptop Backpack, Travel Computer Bag for Women & Men, Anti Theft Water Resistant College School Bookbag, Slim Business Backpack w/USB Charging Port Fits UNDER 17″ Laptop & Notebook by Mancro (Grey) 

Travel Backpacks -20 most useful travel accessories in 2019

Backpack for women - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019


Travel & Hiking Shoes

Travel Hiking Shoes Boots Leather Walking Sneakers for Outdoor, Trekking, Training & Casual

Travel Shoes - 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Best Digital Cameras

Sony – Canon – Panasonic – Olympus – Nikon – Kodak

Digital cameras - 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Micro SD Cards & Pen drive

64GB to 400GB – Samsung – SandiskMemory Cards & Pen drive - 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Hiking & Trekking Boots

Travel Waterproof Hiking Boot – Columbia – Hi Tec – Timberland – Salomon

20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Travel Outdoor Gear: Multitools

Leatherman – Victorinox – Multi-Tools –Multipurpose Outdoor Survival Portable

Multitools 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Travel Women Accessories: Makeup

Travel Makeup Case – Professional Cosmetic Makeup Bag Organizer, Accessories Case, Tools case

Travel Makeup 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Travel Gadget: TSA Luggage Locks

3 Digit Combination Padlock Codes

Keys 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019

View TSA rules for 2019


Travel accessories: Trekking Poles

Trekking Poles – 2-pc Pack Adjustable Hiking or Walking Sticks – Strong, Lightweight Aluminum

Poles 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


BestTravel Gadget: Flashligth

Adjustable Focus Mini Tactical Flashlight Torch

lantern 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Traveller gear: First Aid Kit

Camping 6 Outdoor gear : Compact First Aid Kit 

Hard Shell Case for Hiking, Camping, Travel, Car

First Aids 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Travel Clothing

Travel Jacket for Women & Men, 

Clothes 20 most useful travel accessories in 2019


Compression Socks

Other useful travel gadget for Women & Men

Compression Socks - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019


Travel Jewelry Organizer

Jewelry Roll Travel Case Bag for Women, Storage for Necklaces, Earrings, Bracelets

Travel Jewelry Organizer - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019


Travel gadgets 2019 star: Collapsible Water Bottle

Other useful travel gear:  Perfect for Outdoor & Travel

| Leak Proof | BPA Free | Food-Grade Silicone – 14oz 

Collapsible bottles - most-useful-travel-accessories-in-2019


Smell-Proof And Waterproof Metal Keychain Travel Containers

 


Women’s  Hiking Rain Jacket

Lightweight Waterproof Long Raincoat Hood

very Useful Travel Accessories for Women 2019- Waterproof Long -Raincoat Hood

 


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There are other Useful and Practical Travel Accessories in 2019

37 most useful travel accessories in 2019

Most importantly: Quick dry towels, Smart bags, Dehumid underwear, Anti-sand blankets, Motorized luggage that follow a yard to its owner. Folding eyeglasses. Portable sanitary equipment. There are many more accessories to review in the next post.

If I get here and did not find the article I was looking for I could enter here in the general categories of amazon.com and use their search engines. The Most Useful and Practical Travel Accessories in 2019

What is the Chupinazo? – San Fermin 2019

Pamplona – San Fermin 2019 – Spain

Traveling is to reach a place and travel its streets, its landscapes and its monuments. But traveling to Pamplona – Spain – during the San Fermin festival is a unique experience.

The party begins on July 6 at noon, when the chupinazo (or Txupinazo) is launched from the Balcony of the City Council. An ocean of red handkerchiefs welcomes one of the most popular parties in the world between the 6th and the 14th of July.

Chupinazo - Txupinazo
Chupinazo – Txupinazo

What the hell is the Chupinazo?

It is the firing of a rocket from the City Hall by an authority, and the beginning of the party. But the good is not in this but in what happens in the square.

A lot of crowded people who can not move almost, start uncorking all kinds of drinks. And also to shout and celebrate. Much of the drink ends up in the clothes or on the floor. The crowd moves in waves. There is no place to stoop.

The experience is quite strong. Also for the time it is very hot so this cocktail is completed when from the balconies they throw buckets of water to the public.

San fermin 2019 - Chupinazo - Txupinazo


Tips for surviving a Chupinazo 

  • It can not be accessed with glass containers. You can get drinks like wine or champagne in plastic containers. Apart from this, the police control that it is carried out, for the safety of all.
  • The clothes to wear: White with a red handkerchief.
  • Wear comfortable shoes. Keep in mind that in the agglomeration the stomps are the rule.
  • Clothes that are worn will be discarded. Heat, sweat, alcocholicas drinks, buckets of water, food. All that and more will remain in the clothes. It’s a festive but wet climate
  • If you suffer the agglomerations do not even think of going. From noon until 2 PM it is almost suffocating.
  • If you have a camera or smartphone that is waterproof and better IP 69. Otherwise it will be destroyed
  • DO NOT go with children. It’s very dangerous
  • All the things that you want to carry like documents, money, credit cards, car keys, will invariably be lost. If you need to lose something this is the ideal place. If something falls it is lost. There is no possibility of collecting it.
  • Usually there can be some person or with some blows, although normally there are no injured of consideration
  • All people will enjoy and have fun. Respect and be respected

San fermin 2019 - Chupinazo - Txupinazo

San Fermin 2019

Every year thousands of people from all over the world come to Pamplona (Spain) to enjoy the San Fermin festival. It begins with the Txupinazo but in the days that follow there are many activities. The streets are filled with bands of music, people, rocks and all that is paralyzed at the time of  the Encierro (confinement).

San fermin 2019 - Encierro

 

The Encierro (confinement)

Between the slope of Santo Domingo and the alley that leads to the bullring, this show takes place. It lasts no more than five minutes and the route is half a mile (800 meters). Every day at eight in the morning there is a Encierro

The Encierro (confinement) consists of carrying six bulls that are going to be fought in the afternoon in the bullring. Six bulls or mansos also participate that guide the fighting bulls also to calm them until they reach their destination. The people who run in front of the bulls are experienced people, although novices participate every year

 

San fermin 2019 - Encierro

Each confinement is different. If it is clean and fast it will last three minutes, intense and showy, enough to observe the exploits of the almost professional runners and the clumsiness of the novices and the imprudence of those who ignore the rules of the race.

For children there are l parties with different activities such as puppets and puppets, also presentations of dances, street theaters and recitals

In the streets there are musical performances for all tastes, street music is constant in different places to sing and dance, with international bands and performers, jazz concerts and modern music.

 

San fermin 2019 - Encierro
San Fermin 2019 – Encierro

The Party Was Over

The final day is celebrated with many dances and music, the last outing of giants and big heads is performed. Also the last bull run and eighth bullfight. At midnight of July 14 the closing of the party with fireworks is announced in the Town Hall Square.
The audience gathers and taking off the red scarves, they sing the song Pobre de Mí showing the sadness for the end of the best festivals in the world : San Fermin. Do not forget to check the best travel gadgets to enjoy the Chupinazo and the San Fermin Festival

 

San fermin 2019 - Encierro
During all the holidays you can also rent balconies to witness all the events.

How to get Pamplona – Spain

By Airplane: from any city in the United States or the world, which arrives in Madrid, Capital of Spain (Europe) – then take a local plane to the airport of Pamplona

Iberia one hour ftom Madrid – spain

 

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Recipe: Cod to the Portuguese

Portuguese Cod With Potatoes

Cod is the typical dish of Portugal. It is consumed in many ways and here we present the most traditional recipe. It is consumed throughout Portugal but especially for those who visit Lisbon and Oporto you can not miss it.

Directions

Two cloves of garlic are peeled and thinly sliced ​​and fried over medium heat in a frying pan with a finger of olive oil. Before the garlic reaches color, it is removed from the oil. Right there they will cook the cod and the potatoes.

Cod to the Portuguese
Cod to the Portuguese

To do this, flour four loins of cod and fry them “back and forth”, so that they are lightly cooked. Then, they are placed on a baking tray. Peel a large potato and cut it into thin slices. You also have to peel and cut an onion into thin slices to put them in the pan with the garlic-scented olive oil and the cod juices. Cover and let them cook over low heat for 15 minutes. Once the potato and onion are done, drain it.

Leer másRecipe: Cod to the Portuguese

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Roman Empire: Routes & Network on Line Calculator

Land and Maritime

Stanford University has a calculator of sea and land routes, which existed in the Roman Empire. ( ORBIS) . The calculator has land routes, maritime coast and offshore, used during the Empire.
You can calculate the distance and the estimated time according to the season of the year. Also the cost of the transfer in denarii. Below are the examples

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Start of the application. With the marine and terrestrial routes

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator and Trade Network

 

Choose the place of departure and destination

And press calculate

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt

Long route ( Road & River) from Londinium (London) to Coptos in Egypt: The fastest trip from Londinium to Coptos in July takes 55.1 days, covering 6070 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road londinium to coptos

Costs in denarii

In Donkey : Per kilogram of wheat : 19.62
Per Wagon: Per kilogram of wheat : 22.29
Per passenger in a car: 2778.04

Cartago Nova to Rome

Cartago Nova ( Cartagena – Spain)  to Rome in July takes 11.3 days, covering 1.577 kilometers. Travel in Summer. 

Roman Empire: Road and Trade Network - Cartago nova to Rome

Same route as the previous one but in winter

Cartago nova to Rome in winter

Londinium to Rome in winter and summer

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator:  from Londinium to Rome in winter and summer. According to the season of the year varies the marine and terrestrial route

29 days, 2.897 km, in summer.

Roman Empire: Roads Calculator - londinium to Rome in winter
Roman Empire: Roads Calculator

 

A Little History of Roman Roads

The Roman road was the road model used by Rome for the construction of its Empire. The road network was used by the army in the conquest of territories. Large forces could be mobilized with a speed never seen before.
He played a fundamental role in the economy because the transport of goods was significantly improved. The roads also had great influence in the diffusion of the new culture and in spreading the Romanization throughout the Empire.
The Itinerary of Antonino, of the 3rd century, is the written source that gives us more information about the Roman road network.

The roads united the cities of all points of the empire both military, turistic, commercial or administrative.  The trips were easy and fast for the time, with an organization that favored a comfort for its users. Thought, in principle for military use, will be the origin of the economic expansion of the Empire. They also facilitated their fall, since the invading barca towns used them for the conquest of the empire

 

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◙ Evolution of a Crane and Hoist in Ancient Rome

Evolution of a Crane and Hoist in Ancient Rome

Ancient Rome Crane
Ancient Rome Crane

 

The Roman Empire invested a lot of time, effort and money developing new cranes for the construction of their buildings, bridges and especially aqueducts. They took the Greek’s crane as a model and improved it.

Tripastos in Ancient Roman Empire

In fact, the simplest Roman crane was the Tripastos. It consisted of a single beam jib, a lathe, a rope, and a block containing three pulleys. By maintaining a multiplication ratio of 3 to 1, a single crane operator could raise 300 lbs.

Pentaspastos

A more advanced type of crane was the Pentaspastos which had five pulleys. Moreover and even more sophisticated than the Pentaspastos, was the Polyspastos, which had 15 pulleys and up to four masts with a ratio of 60 to 1.

Ereaders


The Polyspastos, indeed, had four operators per side of the lathe, and it could have a maximum load lifting capacity of 6000 pounds accounting for the maximal effort per operator of 100 pounds each. In case the winch was replaced by a drum, it would double its capacity to 12000 lbs.

However some buildings contained stone’s blocks of more than 100,000 lbs. How could they lift these loads more than 30 yards high?

Ancient Rome Books

Roman Empire Engineers. Crane & Hoist

The Roman engineers managed to raise these weights using a diversity of winches. Although winches have a lower multiplication factor of forces than those driven by drums, Romans could have installed more quantity of winches operated by men or even animals. This kind operation a great coordination was required between the working groups that operated the capstans.

The cranes were almost always operated by slaves who were designed for these industrial jobs. In fact, they were assigned in the so-called squads which had a technical head, the praepositus.

 

Marco Vitruvio Polión : Crane & Hoist Architect

(in latín Marcus Vitruvius Pollio; c. -70 BC. -15 BC )

Marco Vitruvio was the author of a book, known today as The Ten Books of Architecture, a treatise written in Latin and ancient Greek about Architecture. It was dedicated to the Emperor Augustus.

Ancient Roman Crane engineers
Ancient Roman Crane engineers

In this book he describes different types machines such as forklifts, cranes and pulleys used for engineering structures. It also contained descriptions of war machines like catapults, crossbows and siege machines.

As he was an engineer, Vitruvio was not only doing a description of the machines itself but he might probably have built and tested them.

Roman Cranes = Medieval Treadwheel Cranes

The Roman wheel cranes almost unchanged or modified will be used until the modern age and in some cases until the mid-nineteenth century as in the ports of Germany. Some are still today in their original places of construction. As an example we will put the Cathedral of Strasbourg (France) and the Church Beverley Minster (England)

Vitruvius the ten books on architecture on Amazon 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Ancient Cranes in Pinterest

A colaboration of : Besthoist.com

 

8 beautiful and unknown Ireland landscapes

A beautiful and unknown Ireland Places

Lakes, cliffs, valleys and much more. The European country has a natural beauty that is worth discovering. See image gallery

Lakes, cliffs, valleys and much more. The European country has a natural beauty that is worth discovering.
If Ireland is part of your next trip to Europe, you can not miss any of these places.

Skellig Islands

beautiful and unknown Ireland landscapes

Located in the Atlantic, 13 kilometers southwest of Valentia Island, in the County of Kerry, Skellig Michael was chosen by J.J Abrams (Director of Star Wars: The Force Awakens) for the course of the new story. Well-known within the archaeological world, on the edge of some amazing cliffs that the Irish playwright George Bernard Shaw described as “part of our world of dreams”, stands one of the best preserved Christian archaeological sites in the world, which were named as Patrimony World of Humanity by Unesco, in 1996.

Leer más8 beautiful and unknown Ireland landscapes

How Many People will Travel the World in 2019?

1.45 Billion People Travel the World in 2019

By 2019, the UNWTO expects that the growth of international tourists will be between 3% and 4%, compared to 2018: More in line with historical growth trends. The most visited countries in 2018 were France, Spain, the United States, Italy, China and Mexico.

Overall, the growth of 2018 was led by the growth of the Middle East (+ 10%). Africa (+ 7%). Asia-Pacific and Europe (both with 6% more). Arrivals in the Americas were below the world average (+ 3%). 

madrid Paris People will Travel the World in 2019

Travelers on the Rise Every Year

The number of international tourists in the world maintained its strong growth in 2018, with a rise of 6% to 1.4 billion people. Estimated the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO). The organization, whose study includes those international tourists who overnight in the site they visit, was pleased that the increase was located “clearly above the growth of 3.7% of the world economy.”

Leer másHow Many People will Travel the World in 2019?

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Decoration and Architects of Chenonceau Castle

You can know the history of a building through the works of its builders. This is the History of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau.

The castle we know today was built on the demolition of an old fortress and a fortified mill owned by the Marques family. From that time only the tribute tower that was modified in the style of the time and its new owners survives. It was built by Thomas Bohier, Intendant General of Finance of King Francisco I of France between 1513 and 1521. The main part is rectangular (50 x 55 meters) where the hallways and rooms are. In charge of overseeing the construction was his wife Katherine Briçonnet, since her husband was busy with the matter in court.

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

Gardens and architects of the castle of chenonceau

At the death of Mr. Thomas Bohier the crown ordered an audit of the kingdom’s finances. The results were charges against Thomas Bohier for misappropriating funds against the crown, for which his assets were expropriated. The crown recovered the royal dominion over the castle and at the same time King Francisco I gave it to his favorite Diana de Poitiers, Duchess of Valentinois.

Related post : Three days in Paris

As of that moment the destiny of the Chenonceau castle was marked by the presence of six more women. Here we detail them and the brands that they printed until today, the most visited castle in France.

History of the Architects of the Castle of Chenonceau

 

Diana de Poitiers 1499 – 1566

King Henry II gave the Chateau de Chenonceau to his favorite, Diana de Poitiers in 1547. Diana commissioned Pacello da Mercoliano to design and build the gardens, which were the most beautiful of that time. The architect Philibert de l’Orme was entrusted with the task of building a bridge over the cher river in order to extend the gardens to the other shore. Diana de Poitiers managed to get Francisco I of France to settle in the place next to the whole court.

Related post :Travel France by car

Catherine de Médicis 1519 – 1589

Henry II, King of France, died of injuries caused accidentally while participating in a tournament in 1559. Catherine de Médicis, wife of the deceased monarch, became the regent of the Kingdom of France, since her children were younger than age. Catherine forced Diana de Poitiers to cede the property of the castle to the crown in exchange for another nearby Chateau: Chaumont-sur-Loire. It expanded the existing gardens and improved the building’s body with reforms.

It was at that time (1576-1577) that the double-story gallery where the parties were organized was built by one of the architects of the Castle of Chenonceau: Jean Bullant. The gallery was built on the bridge and is the aspect that can be seen today. From the green cabinet being regent, Catherine de ‘Medici was in charge of the affairs of the Kingdom of France.

It should be noted that the original plans and designs of the gallery belonged to the architect Philibert de l’Orme, who had built the bridge. The gallery is 60 meters long and 6 meters wide. It has 18 Windows, floor of mosaics of tuff and slate, shaped like a chessboard. It was inaugurated in 1577 during the celebrations organized by Catherine de Médicis in honor of her son King Henry III of France.

Luisa de Lorraine 1553 – 1601

Henry III King of France and son of Catherine de Médicis, died in 1589. His wife Luisa de Lorraine retired to the castle of Chenonceau wearing the usual white mourning (label of the time). He lived until his death in the castle almost without leaving it. After Luisa de Lorena there was no more presence of the Crown of France in Chenonceau. It was already in private hands. By inheritance of Luisa de Lorraine the castle was inherited by César de Vendôme and his wife, Francesca de Lorraine, Duchess of Vendôme. For the next 100 years, it was inherited through the Valois family.

Louise Dupin 1706 – 1799

In 1720 it was bought by the Duke of Bourbon who sold them works of art and statues of Chenonceau. Some of them went to the Palace of Versailles. In the summer of 1733, Claude Dupin bought the castle of Chenonceau from the Duke of Bourbon. His wife, Louise Dupin in organized meetings and gatherings with writers, poets and scientists. Voltaire and Rosseau were regular. During the French Revolution and under its administration, Chenonceau was preserved.

Related post : Walk Strasbourg – France

Marguerite Pelouze 1836 – 1902

Marguerite Pelouze bought the Château de Chenonceau in 1867, which at that time had 136 hectares of land. I buy it at 850,000 francs. Then he decided to restore the castle as in the time of Diana de Poitiers. The works were carried out from 1867 to 1878 by the architect Félix Roguet. During this restoration almost all the changes made by Catherine de Médicis were eliminated.

In 1879, Claude Debussy joined the chenonceau orchestra as a pianist, with the purpose of completing the castle’s small chamber orchestra. Debussy spends almost all that summer in Chenonceau. One thinks that the sculptor Jean-Baptiste Gustave Deloye, was the author of the caryatids (Column in the form of feminine sculpture) of the castle.

In 1888, Marguerite Pelouze, already separated from her husband, filed for bankruptcy and sold the Chenonceau castle. Acquired by Crédit Foncier, and sold in 1891 to Mr. José Émilio Terry, deputy of Cuba in the Spanish Cortes. His family will retain the property of castilool until 1913

Simonne Menier 1881 – 1972

The Terry family in 1913 sells Chenonceau to industrial Henri Menier (1853-1913). The Menier family is the owner of the castle today. During the First World War, a hospital for the war-wounded was set up in Chenonceau, funded by Mr. Gaston Menier (1880-1933). Simone Menier, wife of Georges, as head nurse, administered the hospital that installed 120 beds in two of the Galeries of the castle.

In a room in the castle of Chenonceau X-ray machines were adapted an X-ray machine. Also 2,254 soldiers were treated at that hospital during WWI. After the war, the equipment was dismantled and stored for years. Decades later in an auxiliary room of the castle, the hospital was assembled again and turned into a museum

Military Hospital of the Chenonceau Castle

Second World War
The main gallery, the covered bridge that crosses the river Cher, was used during the Second World War by the French resistance. The castle was used for people to escape to Free France, taking advantage of the fact that it was on the border. It turns out that south entrance faced France Vichy “free”. and the rest of the castle was in the area occupied by Nazi Germany.

Related post : Discovering a Medieval City: Carcassone

The castle during World War II suffered some damages by bombing of both sides, damaging in a total way the windows and vitreaux. These stained glass windows were repaired after the fight was over.

There were several illustrious visitors after its opening to the public in 1952. Among them we can mention the Queen of England Elizabeth II, her son Carlos and Diana Diana, Princess of Wales. Also the president of the United States Harry Truman visited Chemonceau.

In the Castle shop you can buy souvenirs of the visit, books and vintage posters

Summing up The architects of the Castle of Chenonceau, were:

Felix Roguet
Philibert de l’Orme
Jean Bullant
Pacello da Mercoliano

External Links

 

This is a collaboration of the blog quierodecorarte.com, of a note translated from Spanish. The original note can be seen here in Spanish. Part of the images are property of quierodecorarte.com.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Five Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany Today

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany: The treadwheel cranes were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. These are the five medieval treadmill cranes existing today in Germany. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Crane  in the Port of Luneburg – Germany

The old crane in the old port of Ilmenau in Lüneburg (4) was mentioned for the first time in documents in 1330. Considered in its time one of the most efficient cranes in northern Germany, it is 15 meters high and could hoist 9 tons.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Germany – Port of Luneburg

The Medieval Treadwheel Crane was used mainly for the transport of salt and salting herring from department stores. Also firewood and merchandise. The crane was used until 1860 and the current state is operable but not used.

The plant of the crane house is circular and has a diameter of eight meters and the lifting arm is nine meters. The power plant consists of two wheels of 5 meters in diameter. Four blocks of sandstone were used as counterweight to the load

Anecdotes of the treadwheel crane

In 1840, the Treadwheel crane lifted its heaviest load on land: a steam locomotive for the Ducal Braunschweig State Railway. The locomotive was manufactured by George Forrester & Company (11) in England and transported by water to Germany. The weight of the locomotive was estimated around 9 tons. To operate the wheel crane, 38 men were needed at that time. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Port of Luneburg

As a load test, before the locomotive, a package with 80 railway tracks weighing about 9.2 tons (20,300 pounds) was made. The crane was rebuilt in the summer of 1797 by Master Carpenter GP Hintze as it appears on the plate.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - port of Luneburg
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – port of Luneburg

With the construction of the Hamburg-Hannover railway line (12), which arrived in Lüneburg in 1847, the transport of goods to and from Lüneburg went quickly from the waterway to the railways. As a result, the port and, therefore, also the crane quickly lost importance. In 1860, the treadwheel crane stopped working for economic reasons. 


Ostricher – Germany

The construction and operation of a treadwheel crane in Germany, was until the nineteenth century absolutely, an archbishop’s privilege in this area. Only a few cities in Rheingau and in other German areas had the right to operate a loading device.

We will cite Cologne, Trier, Würzburg, Andernach, Bingen am Rhein, Stade and Hamburg, as cities, without doubt privileged. In the Rheingau region in the 15th century, only Eltville, Rüdesheim and Lorch obtained this privilege.

The Oestricher Wheel Crane is located on the right bank of the Rhine River, at kilometer 518.1, near Federal Highway 42. All treadwheelcranes from Rheingau and elsewhere, such as Trier and Andernach, were initially floating wooden cranes. These cranes were generally very prone to deterioration due to constant exposure to water and ice in winter.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Oestricher Kran en Rheingau 1744

This port treadwheel crane was begun to be built in 1744 (10). The boom of the crane is 12 meters. It has a conical roof to protect the crane. The conical roof with the ball and the tip of the roof is firmly connected to the upper end of a central column of vertical crane. Inside the crane house, there is a double wheel. The operation was in charge of two people per side.

The operating staff was well paid and affiliated with a guild called Aufläder. The load capacity of the wheel crane was approximately 2.5 tons. The crane today is functional.


Trier – Germany

Alte Krahnen, also called Trierer Alter Moselkran, is a harbor treadwheel crane located in Trier. The stone building dates from 1413 and is located on the right side of the Moselle River.

The design is a tower-type wheel crane, with two wheels that are 4.16 meters in diameter.
 
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier
 

A double boom drives the crane. Initially it was equipped with a single feather, and since 1778 with a second feather as a counterweight. It has a rotating conical roof on a vertical axis of wood called Kaiserbaum 12 meters long. The conical roof is 360 ° rotating with two balancing arms and single pulley chain. 

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier

It has in iron spikes and chain of drum with chain and simple pulley. Its estimated load capacity is two tons. It has similarities with another crane of the same name “Alte Krahnen” in Andernach (10), also built in stone in Gothic style, although this crane is 100 years older. The oak gear of the crane house (Kranhaus) dates back to 1763. The treadwheel crane was damaged (although it was not destroyed) in 1944 by the war and in 1984 it was restored.


Andernach – Germany

The treadwheel crane was built between 1554 and 1561, was used until 1911 and is located at kilometer 613.8 of the Rín River. The crane house measures 10.70 meters outside diameter and 8.70 meters inside diameter. The walls are made of stone and have a thickness of 2 meters.

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany - Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen
Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany – Trier- Andernach alter-krahnen

The Andernacher Krahnen was the largest loading device among approximately 80 cranes in 32 locations in the inland waters of Germany and served for 350 years until 1911. At present it can only be seen from the outside. You can not visit.

The Crane

The medieval treadwheel crane consists of two wheels of oak wood 4.2 meters in diameter and 1.2 meters wide. The boom, which extends from the upper half of the pillar of the crane through the rotating roof, is formed by two heavy oak beams with support struts coated with lead sheet. It should be noted that the lifting capacity of the crane was estimated at 3.2 tons. The central drive shaft that joins the two wheels is 0.6 meters in diameter. On that axis a chain was wound (originally Rope).

The usual load to hoist were millstones and wine barrels. The roof is rotating, conical and covered in slate. As a novelty to the house of the treadwheel crane is also added a pyramid-shaped basalt icebreaker. This icebreaker stretched up to the height of the window to protect against drift from the ice.

The load and lift pen is made of a solid oak trunk, 0.64 meters in diameter and 10 meters high. It is also called “Kaiserbaum” or “support tree”. Like the wheel crane of Gdańsk, this means of hoisting belongs to the category of cranes, which due to its height was also suitable for the installation of ship masts.


Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Germany

It is visible from a distance and it is the tower of the church of San Jorge, It is 90 meters high, it is called Daniel and it is considered the landmark of Nördlingen (it is called Daniel by a passage of the Bible, Dan 2-48 “. And the king exalted Daniel and made him ruler […] of all Babylon.”)

 

Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen - Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany
Tower of Daniel. Nördlingen – Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

In the level 35.60 meters there is a treadwheel crane that was used for the construction of the tower. Apparently the operators of the crane were all prisoners.

The council of the city of Nördlingen decided to build the church of St. George on October 17, 1427. The choir of the church’s hall was completed in 1451, and in 1454 the construction of the tower began. The high altar of Friedrich Herlin was completed in 1462, the tower in 1490. With the completion of the vault in 1505, construction was completed.

As a result, Nördlingen joined the Reformation under the Church of St. George became a Protestant church in 1523. The first restoration of the church took place between 1877 and 1887. In March 1945 a bomb destroyed the clock. More recently, the church and the tower were restored between the years 1971-1977.

Maybe it interests you too: Medieval Treadwheel Crane in England– Beverley Minster

 References and Bibliography

      1. Friends of Beverley Minster
      2. Legende van de Maneblussers
      3. National Maritime Museum in Gdańsk 
      4. Alter Kran (Lüneburg)
      5. Abbaye du Mont-Saint-Michel – Cage à écureuil
      6. Historic England Org.- The Harwich Treadwheel Crane
      7. Grua de Rueda de la Catedral de Estrasburgo
      8. Medieval Treadwheels: Artists’ Views of Building Constructions –  The Johns Hopkins University Press
      9. Surrey Industrial Hiistory Group – Guilford
      10. Denkmalgesellschaft Bingen – Oestricher Kran
      11. The privatisation of the Brunswick State Railways in 1869-70
      12. George Forrester and Company
      13. Tower of Cathedral – Nördlingen 
      14. Ingenieria de Puertos en la Roma Clasica
      15. Medios de elevación de materiales en la construcción medieval
      16. Marco Vitruvio Polión
      17. De Architectura
      18. St. Georg (Nördlingen)

 

 

Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon

Ajaccio Napoleon’s Hometown

Ajaccio is not only the birthplace of Napoleon but also has its own attractions and with great charm. A historic center where you can walk through ancient streets where colorful houses abound.

A walls of an ancient citadel. An ideal place to see all the colors of a late Mediterranean sunset. City located in a bay surrounded by mountains, with a mild and pleasant climate all year round. Ajaccio offers a relaxed lifestyle

Travel to Corsica the Island of Napoleon


What to see in Ajaccio

1-The birthplace of Napoleon Bonaparte: is the house where the BuonaParte family lived (Bonaparte) and where Napoleon was born on August 15, 1769. It is decorated with furniture from that time and many family objects have been preserved (portraits , the genealogical tree, the mortuary mask of the Emperor of France).

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Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz – Switzerland

Saint Moritz – Switzerland: Meadows, Snow and Mountains

Saint Moritz (Sank Moritz) , located in the south-east of Switzerland, in the region known as Upper Engadine ,. The site is known worldwide for the celebration here of two winter games: 1928 and 1948.

Meadows, Snow and Mountains in Saint Moritz

 

Sankt Moritz (St. Moritz) was mentioned for the first time in the 12th century. It was a village that was formed around springs, which according to beliefs of the time had healing powers. The village is named after Saint Maurice, who according to legend was a martyred Christian in Roman Switzerland.

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Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love

During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built over its ruins. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.Table of Contents – Capri & Ischia

 

Capri : Exclusive Tourism from the Roman Empire

Capri is an island located at the southern end of the Bay of Naples in Italy. It was already known in the Roman Empire for its beautiful landscapes. The Romans made this island a tourist destination and a place of summer residence. Today it is one of the main tourist places in the Naples area next to the island of Ischia and the city of Naples itself.

anacapri and . Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Landscape Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Blue Grotto ( Grotta Azzurra)

One of its best known natural sites is the Blue Grotto. It is a dark cavern where the sea shines through the entrance with an electric blue color. There are a variety of exclusive hotels and rest villas.

Blue Grotto . Capri: Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


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Under protection of the gods

Capri Tips

  • Rent a boat for a half-day with a private driver. He or she will take you to swim amongst all of the most amazing caves
  • Rent an excursion to go around the island. But the additional of entering the blue grotto that is unmissable (you have to pay extra)

Ship trip. Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

  • Walking through the streets of capri is a unique experience. Spectacular landscapes at the end of each street
  • Visit Villa Krupp. Residence at the beginning of the 20th century of the owner of the famous armament factory. Hot is a park with unique views

  • Visit  Materita Tower. Old medieval tower of Anacapri, was later converted into a residence. Built in 1378, by the monks of the Charterhouse of San Giacomo, to defend against Saracen attacks.

  •  Villa Damecuta: Located in Anacapri, Damecuta is one of the severals imperial Roman villas, and little survives of it. Its plant has a gallery porticada towards the Gulf of Naples, topped by a semicircular viewpoint. During the Middle Ages a watchtower was built. In the nineteenth century also a defensive wall.

Bay of Naples Capri Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


Ischia: The Island of Amazing Landscapes

Bay of ischia : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Bay of Naples : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The island of ischia was occupied and inhabited since before the Roman Empire. The Romans did not take care of this island, considering it unstable because of its continued earthquakes.

view from Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

The Island suffered continuous invasions for more than 1500 years of all the neighboring towns until the crown of Aragon conquered and built a castle. Today it is a place of exclusive villas and hotels. It has many sandy beaches with amenities for tourists.

Aragonese Castle : Ischia Island to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure


The Aragonese Castle

Recommend a visit to the Aragonese Castle. We recommend visiting the building and learning its history. Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to fall in love

Ischia & Capri: Islands to Fall in Love. Unforgettable Charm and Pleasure

How to Get

From Naples. get to the port of Naples. There are some boxes where different companies sell the round trip tickets (or one way) to Ischia, Capri, Salerno, Positano, and Sorrento. Consult the schedules of the last boat, since they vary according to the season of the year. Check here the best travel gadgets to travel to Capri and enjoy

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The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France

Carcassonne Celebrates UNESCO Anniversary With art

Carcassonn -France- is a medieval city in the south of France and has two sites classified by UNESCO on the list of World Heritage: the medieval city, double unice fortress in Europe, and the Canal du Midi.

The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; "eccentric concentric circles" Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”
Main entrance to the medieval walled city. Drawbridge”

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