Complete Paris Travel Guide 2022

Paris Travel Guide 2022 : First Day Paris Travel Guide 2020: Walk in three days and get to know the main sites, included and some recommendations do not waste a minute of time Arrived to Visit Paris on train to the station of Paris Gare du Nord from London. We took a public transport (Metro).Luckily the hotel was very close. Paris Travel Guide 2022: 3 days  Arc de Triomphe & Grand Palais Download The Complete Guide: Paris Travel Guide 2022  From …

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Las Vegas 2022 Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States

Las Vegas – Nevada

Bellagio Hotel  –  Hotel ParisThe VenetianCaesar Palace

Las Vegas 2022: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States. That’s possible?. Sure, of course. You just have to go to Las Vegas, in the Mojave desert in Nevada. Las Vegas is a tourist city famous for its exciting activity 24 hours a day. Never Close. Never sleeps. Open casinos and shows at all times. 

It is a city devoted to entertainment and tourism. Currently, 650,000 people live in Las Vegas (2018) and receive almost 40 million visitors a year.

The Venetian Hotel -Las Vegas: Traveling Europe Without Leaving the United States Las Vegas 2022:
Las Vegas 2022:

In 1931, with the legalization of the game, Las Vegas begins its rise as a city. In 1941, the very luxurious hotels of the world began to be built, which also incorporated gaming casinos. The first of these was the Flamingo, built under the supervision of gangster Bugsy Siegel.
In the decade of the 60s, the city has another impulse due to the overthrow of Batista in Cuba by the revolutionary Castro. . The American businessmen abandoned their business in Havana and moved to Las Vegas. Frank Sinatra and other artists settled in Las Vegas and offered shows on a continuous basis.

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Hôtel Camondo – Paris

What is the History of the Hotel Camondo in Paris? The Hôtel de Camondo is a private mansion located at 61 rue de Monceau, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris, France. In this building is the headquarters of the Paris office of the Morgan Stanley Bank. In 1869, Count Abraham-Béhor de Camondo (1829-1889) and his brother Nissim (1830-1889) decided to settle with his family on the outskirts of Parc Monceau. When In June 1870, they acquired two adjoining lots at …

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History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris

History of Café Procope: Literary and Revolutionary

The History of Café Procope is as follows: In 1686 when Louis XIV reigned over France from the palace of Versailles, in Paris the Cafe Procope (Oldest Coffee Shop) opened its doors. Just 20 years after the introduction of coffee in the court of Louis XIV.

History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris
History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris

An Italian named Francesco Procopio Dei Coltelli opened an establishment near Saint-Germain-des-Prés where this infusion would be tested in society. The establishment was opened to sell coffees and ice cream, specialties that the Italians exported to the main European capitals

Three years later, the installation of the recent Comédie Française on the same street attracted the show's clientele.

Menu Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris
Menu Café Procope:  in Paris

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Literary  Café : Voltaire , Franklin

Characters such as Voltaire or Rousseau were regular customers in what was the first literary café. Diderot conceived between his walls (according to the legend of the Caf) his Encyclopédie and Benjamin Franklin, wrote the Constitution of the United States.
Anatole France & Louis Vuitton summed up its situation in this way: Beaucoup de gloire, mais point d'argent (a lot of glory but no money).

History of Café Procope: Literary and Revolutionary The History of Café Procope is as follows: In 1686 when Louis XIV reigned over France from the palace of Versailles, in Paris the Cafe Procope (Oldest Coffee Shop) opened its doors. Just 20 years after the introduction of coffee in the court of Louis XIV.
Stairs of Procope Coffee Shop in Paris France

Revolutionary Café: Danton, Marat

The Club of the Cordeliers, who met here, with Danton and Marat as main figures. It was a revolutionary focus.

The Phrygian cap was exhibited in the Coffee shop Procope for the first time, and from here also left the slogan for the attack on the Tuileries on August 10, 1792.

History of Café Procope: Literary and Revolutionary The History of Café Procope is as follows: In 1686 when Louis XIV reigned over France from the palace of Versailles, in Paris the Cafe Procope (Oldest Coffee Shop) opened its doors. Just 20 years after the introduction of coffee in the court of Louis XIV.
Main Saloon Café Procope: in Paris

The original Procope Coffee Shop closed at the end of the 19th century and reopened as a café-restaurant in the 50s of the 20th century. The mention "since 1686" at the door is a half truth, although the decoration that refers to the times of the Revolution makes the restoration not noticeable

It remains in the Rue de l'Ancienne Comédie 13, in the sixth arrondissement of the city. The nearest subway station is Odéon. The current Procope kept the link with the letters of the old café and organizes literary prizes.

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History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris
History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris

History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris
History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris

History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris
History of Café Procope: Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris

Specialty of the menu in Café Procope Oldest Coffee Shop in ParisCoq au Vin.

See the full menu of the Procope cafe on the official website
and book a table
  • Soupe à l’oignon gratinée - French Onion Soup
  • Gaspacho d'asperges vertes - crème mascarpone aux noisettes
  • Salade d'artichauts - roquette, Parmesan
  • Salade de haricots verts frais - Moutarde à l'ancienne, champignons, noisettes
  • Tartare d'avocat crevettes

Menu at Coffee Shop Procope Paris France -Specialty of the menu in Café Procope Oldest Coffee Shop in Paris:  Coq au Vin. See the full menu of the Procope cafe on the official website and book a table
Menu at Coffee Shop Procope Paris France

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Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Strasbourg’s Cathedral

Medieval Treadwheel Crane in Cathedral of Strasbourg

We visited the Cathedral of Strasbourg 

The Cathedral of Strasbourg was the first cathedral of Germany (or Kingdom of Germania). Until the arrival of Louis XIV in 1681 and his minister of the war, the Marquess of Louvois that camped in the environs of Strasbourg and forced their submission to the French monarchy the 30 of September of 1681.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

The Cathedral was delivered by the same Luis XIV The head of the Catholic bishopric of Strasbourg, Egon de Furstenberg. Absent from the city for almost 150 years, that way ended the period as an independent city.

The Cathedral

Designed in Gothic style, it was built during the second half of the 13th century. Although originally planned as a Romanesque structure, in 1053 today there is only the crypt and the floor of that style. At the end of the main chapel, the decision was taken to construct the nave in the Gothic style (1250).

The walls were open with Gothic stained glass but the interior remained predominantly Romanesque. The main colonnades were Romanic style. And they also supported the arches. They were very separate. The proportions of the ship are 1: 2.5.

Cathedral of Strasbourg
Cathedral of Strasbourg

 

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Medieval Treadwheel Crane - Cathedral Strasbourg 

It is accessed by the side of the Cathedral, to a door that leads to a spiral staircase stone, without breaks. At the end of it before accessing the terrace on the left side you can see the Medieval Treadwheel Crane.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

The same one that was used in the construction of the Cathedral. And it's still there. It was customary to leave the cranes in their original location after completion of the work, for maintenance or repair.

Medieval Treadwheel Crane Carpenters

The Medieval treadwheel crane Cathedral of Strasbourg is made of wood, manufactured by the carpenters. Like carvers, carpenters were a relatively privileged category of craftsmen. Considered for a long time the absolute masters of construction, its prestige began to decline as early as the 11th century with the generalization of stone vaults, which concealed from view its wooden structures.

Related post: Religious Tourism in the Middle Ages

Since then, both guilds have fought, sometimes with violence, the primacy in the construction works. But they had to remain closely linked because they had no choice but to depend on one another.

The Carpenters Masters

The master carpenter directed all the works in wood, that were developed from the beginning to the end of the work. He was a very skilled technician, who could discuss with the architect the timber structures to be lifted, both permanent and temporary.

The rigging, ladders and scaffolding that would be used by masons, sculptors and glaziers to work at different heights, inside and outside the building were all made of wood.

AstronomicClock of Cathedral of Strasbourg
AstronomicClock of Medieval Cathedral of Strasbourg

They also built support machinery to lift stones and other materials. Wheel cranes, also called spinning "squirrels" and three-up raisers, are inside these machines.

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The Navy Carpenters of The Crane

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg
Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg

The treadwheel crane was a piece that required a great technical skill. Perfect assemblies and combinations of forces show their relationship with naval carpentry. In regions with a strong maritime tradition, carpentry teachers shared the construction of cathedrals with work in the shipyards building ships. Both civilian and military.

The main application was the port cranes. Imitations can now be observed in different parts of Europe.

CONCLUSIONS

As can be seen in the photos this treadwheel crane is for two operators. While the word operators today is used to operate a mechanical crane, here is another thing. Two people, one on each side walk in synchronized form to lift a weight, to the control of a master of crane.

Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths
Medieval Treadwheel Crane in the Cathedral of strasbourg Walking paths

We have no idea of ​​the capacity of this particular crane, but it can be said that approximately would be for about 1500 to 3000 lb, taking into account the external diameter of the wheel. This would be about  4.5 yards. For those who visit the cathedral of Strasbourg, before accessing the terrace, you can appreciate this legacy artifact of other times.

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