Camping Gear & Outdoor 2022

Camping  2022 & Outdoor In this first post about camping and outdoor accessories, the most useful and common ones were selected. If the article you need is not found here, please access it by the nearest category. Enjoy the purchase at  Amazon.com Here are five more useful camping and Outdoor Gear in 2022. From microfiber towels, a Small Wine-Beer Portable Cooler, a Collapsible Water Bottle, to a Functional Portable Lightweight Hammock. Also lightweight backpacks also applicable for sports. Camping 2022: First …

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► What is IP X8 Protection

What is IP X8 Protection

Degree of protection IP

The degree of IP protection refers to the international standard IEC 60528 Degrees of Protection1 frequently used in the technical data of electrical or electronic equipment. Generalized for industrial use as sensors, meters, controllers, electrical boards and of course mobile phones ,tablets and eReaders.

It is a system to classify the different degrees of protection provided to containers that protect the internal components of the equipment.

It is a standard of numerical code and we take the example example:

  • The letters “IP” identify the standard (Ingress Protection).
  • The value “6” or "X"  in the first numeric digit describes the level of protection against dust, in this case:
  • “The dust must not enter under any circumstances”.
  • The value “8” in the second numeric digit describes the level of protection against liquids (usually water), in this example: “The object must withstand (without filtration) the complete immersion to 1 meter and a half of water for 30 minutes ‘.As a general rule it can be established that the higher the IP number, the more protected the equipment.

First digit: Solid particle protection

The first digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against access to hazardous parts (e.g., electrical conductors, moving parts) and the ingress of solid foreign objects.

Level sized Effective against Description
0 No protection against contact and ingress of objects
1 >50 mm Any large surface of the body, such as the back of a hand, but no protection against deliberate contact with a body part
2 >12.5 mm Fingers or similar objects
3 >2.5 mm Tools, thick wires, etc.
4 >1 mm Most wires, slender screws, large ants etc.
5 Dust protected Ingress of dust is not entirely prevented, but it must not enter in sufficient quantity to interfere with the satisfactory operation of the equipment.
6 Dust tight No ingress of dust; complete protection against contact (dust tight). A vacuum must be applied. Test duration of up to 8 hours based on air flow.

 

Second digit: Liquid ingress protection

The second digit indicates the level of protection that the enclosure provides against harmful ingress of water.

A spray nozzle with no shield.

  1. Test a) is conducted for 10 minutes.
  2. Test b) is conducted (without shield) for 5 minutes minimum.Oscillating tube:

Test duration: 10 minutes, or spray nozzle (same as IPX3 spray nozzle with the shield removed) However, with certain types of equipment, it can mean that water can enter but only in such a manner that it produces no harmful effects.

 

Folgers

The test depth and/or duration is expected to be greater than the requirements for IPX7, and other environmental effects may be added, such as temperature cycling before immersion.Test duration: Agreement with ManufacturerDepth specified by manufacturer, generally up to 3 m

Level Protection against Effective against
0 None
1 Dripping water Dripping water (vertically falling drops) shall have no harmful effect on the specimen when mounted in an upright position onto a turntable and rotated at 1 RPM. Test duration: 10 minutes Water equivalent to 1 mm rainfall per minute
2 Dripping water when tilted at 15° Vertically dripping water shall have no harmful effect when the enclosure is tilted at an angle of 15° from its normal position. A total of four positions are tested within two axes. Test duration: 2.5 minutes for every direction of tilt (10 minutes total)
Water equivalent to 3 mm rainfall per minute
3 Spraying water Water falling as a spray at any angle up to 60° from the vertical shall have no harmful effect, utilizing either: a) an oscillating fixture, or b) A spray nozzle with a counterbalanced shield.Test a) is conducted for 5 minutes, then repeated with the specimen rotated horizontally by 90° for the second 5-minute test. Test b) is conducted (with shield in place) for 5 minutes minimum. For a Spray Nozzle:Test duration: 1 minute per square meter for at least 5 minutes
Water volume: 10 litres per minute
Pressure: 50–150 kPaFor an oscillating tube:Test duration: 10 minutesWater Volume: 0.07 l/min per hole
4 Splashing of water Water splashing against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effect, utilizing either: a) an oscillating fixture, or b)
5 Water jets Water projected by a nozzle (6.3 mm) against enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects. Test duration: 1 minute per square meter for at least 3 minutes
Water volume: 12.5 litres per minute
Pressure: 30 kPa at distance of 3 m
6 Powerful water jets Water projected in powerful jets (12.5 mm nozzle) against the enclosure from any direction shall have no harmful effects. Test duration: 1 minute per square meter for at least 3 minutes
Water volume: 100 litres per minute
Pressure: 100 kPa at distance of 3 m
6K Powerful water jets with increased pressure Water projected in powerful jets (6.3 mm nozzle) against the enclosure from any direction, under elevated pressure, shall have no harmful effects. Found in DIN 40050, and not IEC 60529. Test duration: at least 3 minutes
Water volume: 75 litres per minute
Pressure: 1000 kPa at distance of 3 m
7 Immersion, up to 1 m depth Ingress of water in harmful quantity shall not be possible when the enclosure is immersed in water under defined conditions of pressure and time (up to 1 m of submersion). Test duration: 30 minutes – ref IEC 60529, table 8.
Tested with the lowest point of the enclosure 1000 mm below the surface of the water, or the highest point 150 mm below the surface, whichever is deeper.
8 Immersion, 1 m or more depth The equipment is suitable for continuous immersion in water under conditions which shall be specified by the manufacturer.
9K Powerful high temperature water jets Protected against close-range high pressure, high temperature spray downs.Smaller specimens rotate slowly on a turntable, from 4 specific angles. Larger specimens are mounted upright, no turntable required, and are tested freehand for at least 3 minutes at distance of 0.15–0.2 m.There are specific requirements for the nozzle used for the testing.

This test is identified as IPx9 in IEC 60529.Test duration: 30 seconds in each of 4 angles (2 minutes total)Water volume: 14–16 litres per minute

Pressure: 8–10 MPa (80–100 bar) at distance of 0.10–0.15 m
Water temperature: 80 °C

 

(All tests with the letter “K” are defined by ISO 20653 (replacing DIN 40050-9) and are not found in IEC 60529, except for IPx9 which is the same as the IP69K water test.)

View Kindle Paperwhite Waterproof IPX8

 

Best Selling Coffee Products
Maxwell House

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What is the History of Steamboats Advertising?

What is the History of Vessels Advertising? 1890-1930

At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, many shipping lines that transported mail and some passengers transformed their ships into luxury  Vessels . It was no longer just the flow of immigrants to America. It was a transportation business by sea. And luxury in many cases. This is a brief history of the passengers who crossed the Atlantic oceans on ships. And of the graphic advertisements of that time

What is the History of Travel on Steamboats?

In 1818, the Black Ball Line shipping company offered the first regular passenger service from the United Kingdom to the United States with a fleet of sailing ships, offering comfort services to passengers. A few years later numerous companies followed their example offering their services around the world.

History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
United States Lines - History of Steamboats Advertising1890-1930

In 1840, the ship of the British shipping company Cunard Line, the RMS Britannia began its first regular passenger and cargo service performed by a steamship, sailing from Liverpool to Boston. But sailboats still maintained a dominant position in passenger traffic
In 1845, the SS Great Britain became the first propeller-driven iron-hulled ship to cross the Atlantic Ocean.

Fighting for the Passengers

In the British market, the Cunard Line and the White Star Line maintain a fierce competition from the purchase of the latter company by Thomas Ismay in the late 1860s. The competition is focused on shortening the time between the United Kingdom and New York

History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 CUNARD Line
History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 CUNARD Line

In 1899, the White Star Line introduced a new type of boat with the name of RMS Oceanic. The construction of the RMS Oceanic marked a point of inflection from which the White Star stopped competing in speed to offer more comfort and luxury to its passengers.

History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 Navegazione Generale Italiana
History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 Navegazione Generale Italiana

Animals - Architecture - Flowers - Food & Beverages  - Places

Vintage poster ads - Best Products 2021 on Amazon
Vintage poster ads - Best Products 2021 on Amazon

The enlarging Market: Germany

In 1897 there was an event in the History of Vessels Travel Ads. Germany appeared in the shipping market of the atlantico with the SS Kaiser Wilhelm der Grosse of Norddeutscher Lloyd. A few years later three more twin ships, belonging to the Kaiser class, were added. This ship was the first to own four. The ship would only have needed two for the operation of its boilers, but a larger number of chimneys gave passengers a greater sense of security and was used as a marketing argument

White Star Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
White Star Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930

In 1900, the shipping company HAPAG launched the SS Deutschland, also equipped with four chimneys and built to develop high speed. but this increase in speed caused vibrations in the structure of the ship, so it lost market given the discomfort of traveling in those conditions

Larger and Faster Passenger  

In 1902, Cunard built two new ocean liners, the RMS Lusitania and the RMS Mauretania, designed to reach a cruising speed of close to 24 knots.

In 1911, the White Star Line launched the RMS Olympic the first of three vessels of 45,000 gross tons, (Olympic class). The other two vessels were to the RMS Titanic and the HMHS Britannic.

White Star Line - History of Vessels Travel Ads 1890 -1930
White Star Line - History of Vessels Travel Ads 1890 -1930

In 1912, the RMS Titanic sank after colliding with an iceberg, leaving a balance of more than 1,500 people dead. The HMHS Britannic sank November 21 while crossing the Kea channel (Aegean Sea), in the Greek archipelago by an explosion caused by a mine. In this shipwreck 29 people died.

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How did you Travel by Steamboat Before WWI?

Before starting WWI, the shipping line Hamburg America Line ordered the construction of three large giant ships, the SS Imperator, SS Vaterland and SS Bismarck, all with more than 51,500 gross tons. The Imperator was launched in 1912, and the Bismarck (later renamed the RMS Majestic) would be the largest ship in the world until 1935.

United States Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
United States Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930

These ships were not in service with the Hamburg America Line before the First World War. After the war, they were handed over as war reparations after the German defeat, and awarded to the British and American shipping companies. The Vaterland was the SS Leviathan of the United States Lines; the Imperator became the RMS Berengaria and the Bismarck became the RMS Majestic. Respectively of the Cunard and the White Star Line

 

What Passenger Steamboat were Sunk in WWI?

In 1915, the RMS Lusitania, in service as a civilian passenger ship, was attacked and torpedoed by a German U-boat. It was sunk in the coast of Ireland with a loss of life of 1,200 passengers and crew. The outbreak of the First World War interrupted the transatlantic commercial trips by the activity of German submarines.

Normandy French Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
Normandy French Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930

History of Vessels travel Ads: Large ocean liners, such as the RMS Mauretania and the RMS Olympic, were required for the transport of troops and hospital ships, while smaller ships became armed merchant cruisers. The HMHS Britannic, entered into service in the war as a hospital ship as soon as it was completed, a task he performed for a year before being sunk by a mine in the Aegean Sea.

 

How did you travel by steamboat after WWI?

After the WWI ended, bigger and faster ships continued to be built. In 1929, the German ships SS Bremen and SS Europe exceeded the speed record set by the Mauretania twenty years earlier. Her average speed of almost 28 knots. The ships used new hydrodynamic designs at the bow and new steam turbines to reach these speeds .

White Star Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
White Star Line - History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930

What Steamboat Crossed the Atlantic the Fastest?

In 1933, the Italian transatlantic SS Rex of 51,300 tons, with a crossing time of four days and thirteen hours, broke the record of the Atlantic crossing. In 1935, the French liner SS Normandie used a new and revolutionary helmet design and a powerful turbo-electric transmission to beat the record again.

Due to the crisis of 1929 the British government merged the Cunard Line and the White Star Line. The new company called Cunard White Star Line, built the RMS Queen Mary and the RMS Queen Elizabeth. Two of the most luxurious ships of that time

Normandy Transatlantique History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930
Normandy Transatlantique History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930

 

History of  Vintage Travel Ads: Imperial Airways

History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 Imperial Airways
History of Steamboats Advertising 1890-1930 Imperial Airways

Imperial Airways -History of #Vessels #Travel #Advertising 1890-1930 At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, many shipping lines that transported mail and some passengers transformed their ships into luxury Vessels . It was no longer just the flow of #immigrants to #America. It was a transportation business by sea. And l#. #poster #ads #printer #history #plaques #decor #DIY

 

History of #Vessels #Travel #Advertising 1890-1930 At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, many shipping lines that transported mail and some passengers transformed their ships into luxury Vessels . It was no longer just the flow of #immigrants to #America. It was a transportation business by sea. And l#. #poster #ads #printer #history #plaques #decor #DIYuxury in many cases.
History of Vessels Travel Ads 1890 -1930

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UK: Coronavirus (Covid -19) Home Test Kit may soon be available to order on Amazon

UK: A Coronavirus Home Test Kit (Covid -19) available to order from Amazon, coming soon Sharon Peacock, director of the National Infection Service at Public Health England, told the UK parliament on Wednesday that the group had developed fingerstick tests that establish whether anyone has been infected with the Covid-19 virus (Coronavirus) When tested and implemented, the public will be able to purchase the tests through services like Amazon and also at street pharmacies, Peacock said. Users will perform the …

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Latino América: como Comprar en Amazon  

Buscadores Especializados en Amazon

La manera mas practica de  Comprar en Amazon  

Amazon a la Hora de hacer un pedido on-line, es uno de los mejores sitios. Tienen variedad y precio, además de un sistema de entrega por correo muy bueno. También tiene política de devoluciones muy aceptable y practica.


Para el caso de Latino América se pueden elegir entre estos tres sitios de Amazon (AMZ)

Amazon USA    

Amazon UK ( Gran Bretaña) 

Amazon España

A simple vista parece que conviene utilizar el sitio AMZ España. pero resulta que por variedad y precios convienen los otros dos. Primero AMZ USA y Luego AMZ UK, en ese orden. Hay quienes dicen que comprando en España la mercadería llega mas rápido. Eso realmente no lo podemos corroborar, después de consultar con varios usuarios.

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