Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster

Ancient Crane in Beverley Minster – England

The cranes of wheel ( or Treadwheel Cranes) were used by architects and engineers from the times of the Romans. Probably some stopped being used only at the beginning of the 20th century. This is a detail of those that still exist. 

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Some are original and have a thousand years of antiquity. A few others were rebuilt. All are worth knowing and if possible visit them.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

The Minster

Beverley Minster is an English parish church located in Beverley – East Yorkshire. It is undoubtedly one of the largest parish churches in England, being larger than some English cathedrals. It is considered a masterpiece of Gothic art. Also called Minster because in ancient times it was the church of a monastery.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane

Construction work began in 1225 and probably lasted almost 200 years. The twin towers of the western façade inspired the design of the present Westminster Abbey – London.

The building was able to survive after the dissolution of the monasteries, between 1536 and 1540, decreed by King Henry VIII of England. The current building retains almost everything except the chapter house.

Beverley-Minster Medieval TreadWheel Crane - traveling-cooking
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

To conclude, we will say that the wheel crane is placed on the vault of the central tower, and was driven by two people. The visit to the tower where the medieval wheel crane is done is through guided tours on Saturdays at 11am.

Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane
Beverley-Minster Medieval Treadwheel Crane

There are other Treadwheel cranes in Europe. One of them is in the Cathedral of  Strasbourg – France,  Here I could see the note.

Other Medieval & Romantic castles:

Carcassone – France. Medieval City

Medieval Treadwheel Cranes in Germany

External Links:

Friends of Beverley Minster

Lista de las Grúas de Rueda Existentes en Europa

Treadwheel Crane of  Mechelen Cathedral – Belgium

Medieval Treadwheel Crane – Beverley Minster
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The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France

Carcassonne Celebrates UNESCO Anniversary With art

Carcassonne is a medieval city in the south of France and has two sites classified by UNESCO on the list of World Heritage: the medieval city, double unice fortress in Europe, and the Canal du Midi.

The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; "eccentric concentric circles" Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
The Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”
Main entrance to the medieval walled city. Drawbridge”

Carcassonne is an example (one of the few remaining) of a fortified medieval city with an great defensive system that surrounds the castle and its dependencies. It also has a Gothic cathedral, a Christian Cathedral Catara and many urban buildings and streets of medieval origin. They are preserved because the area was not affected by the three wars they had with the Germans. 1870, 1914 (WWI) and 1939 (WWII).

View of the two concentric walls from a defense tower”

This year of 2018 was celebrated the 20th anniversary of the inscription of the city as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO: the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin was contracted to pine a work called “eccentric concentric circles”. They can be enjoyed until September 2018

 

 

Another view of the Swiss artist Ticino Felice Varin ; “eccentric concentric circles”

Defense towers on the second wall
Defense towers on the second wall

Defensive Walls of Carcassonne

The walled city of Carcassonne is composed of two concentric walls that completely surround the city. Before the first wall there is also a very deep defensive pit. Within the City there is another walled castle with a pit as the last line of defense. This castle is called castle condal

Entrance to the city. Night View
Entrance to the city. Night View
View of the defense street between the first and second walls
View of the defense street between the first and second walls
Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Internal view of the defense street between the first and second walls
Panoramic view Artistic Walls of Carcassonne
Panoramic view. Artistic Walls of Carcassonne

How much does it cost to visit these walls?

The first and second walls are free. To visit El Castillo Condal you have to pay. although it is worth visiting.

Entrance to the city. Night View

 

nside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Inside the county castle. Third and last line of defense
Double defensive wall
Double defensive wall
Entrance to the city. Night View
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle
Main courtyard of the Condal Castle
Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Defensive pit Towers and battlements for archers in the county castle.
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
Night View of Carcassonne Walls
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
One of the guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter
Several guard and defense towers of the first perimeter

How to get to Carcassone: Any airline to London, Paris, Madrid or any European capital
From London, Paris or Madrid: Airplane to the city of Toulouse
From Toulouse: Train or by car on motorway A61 (one hour)
From Barcelona . Train AVE station Sants (two and a half hours)

 

☼ Travel Guide Strasbourg France

The Artistic Walls of Carcassonne – France
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