Numismatic: Argentine Ancient Coins 1813-1860

Numismatic:  Argentine Ancient Coins After the pronouncement of May 1810, Buenos Aires and the other provinces of the Río de la Plata began the campaign of independence, sending expeditions to the High Peru, focus of realistic resistance. The Argentines took the Imperial Villa of Potosi with their mint. Coins were minted in 1810, 1813 and 1815: the last two occupations were important from the monetary point of view, since the type that was issued until then with the real bust …

Read More

Ancient Mint Assayers in Spanish America

Mint Assayers in Colonial Times  

Places of Coinage, Essayers, Masters of the Mint  and Judges of Balance

Assayers in Spanish America

Each coin identifies the place of coinage and also the person responsible for the law of the coin (purity and weight) called the assayer. Usually the initials of the names were used and could be one or two assayers by minting. In the case of Philippines well into the nineteenth century also included the person responsible for balance. This is an example of how to identify these signs in coins.

Master mint Assayers - Argentine Ancient Coin 1815
Master Mint Assayers

Potosi: PS             Assayer  L Leandro Ozio  Value: ( Reales):

Assayers and Masters of Mints

The assayers were the artisans and those in charge and responsible for the law (purity) and weight of the metal, so they left their mark on the mint. These are some data on places of minting and initial assayers

Assayer =A  /  Reales= R

A8 R4 R2 R1 R1/2 R

Mexico  M

1772 -1777
1784 -1801

Peru LM or LIMAE


Potosi (Bolivia)   PS or PTS

JL18251825182518251823- 1825
 J  1824-182518251825  
 L 18151815181518151815

Santiago (Chile)  S


Chiloe (Chile)  Chi-loe  Over Potosi




Guatemala  G or NG


Nuevo Reino (Colombia)    

NR  Nuevo Reino Santa Fe de Bogotá 


Popayan (Colombia)  P



Mary Kay & MAC Makeup

 MAC   - Mary_Kay 

Makeup MAC - Top Selling products 2021
Makeup MAC - Top Selling products 2021

Colonial Times Mint Assayers

Santiago (Chile) 1809  8 Reales FJ Francisco Rodriguez Brochero & Juan Maria de Bobadilla

As we have already had opportunity to comment, the death of a monarch had to wait a while for the arrival of its corresponding model of bust from the Peninsula. The case of Fernando VII is particular, its arrival to the throne in March of 1808 is accompanied with the Napoleonic invasion that forced the mints to make their own busts that we know as imaginary. In this case the dress is not Roman style but of time.


Santiago (Chile) 1809  8 Reales FJ Francisco Rodriguez Brochero & Juan Maria de Bobadilla
Santiago (Chile) 1809  8 Reales FJ


Santiago (Chile) 1790  8 Reales DA Domingo de Eyzaguirre y Agustin de Infante y Prado

Although Charles III had died on December 14, 1788, his bust continued to appear on the coins until 1791 at which time the official bust of the new monarch, Charles IV, was prepared. There are transitional pieces like the one in which only the ordinal of the king has been changed. The essay corresponded to Eyzaguirre and Infante responsible for the law in the first coinage of the new monarch.

Santiago (Chile) 1790  8 Reales DA

LIMA  (Peru).  8 reales.  IJ Ignacio Zenón de Gálvez y Juan Martínez de Roxas.

Very light lines of weight adjustment on the obverse. After the death of Carlos III in 1788 transicional types were minted with the ordinal IV waiting for the punzones of Madrid

  Master mint Assayers




Merrell Store on Amazon
Merrell Store on Amazon

LIMA ( Peru )  1762  8 escudos (oro) JM  .José Rodríguez Carasa y Manuel Iglesias Abarca

Real de a ocho - Assayers in spanish america Master mint Assayers

LIMA. 8 Escudos.   1771 JM  .José Rodríguez Carasa y Manuel Iglesias Abarca

 Master mint Assayers

Peru Lima (1808) 8 Reales  JP Juan Martínez de Roxas y Pablo Cano Melgarejo

First year of the imaginary bust of the mint of Lima. The portrait did not last more than four years and was coined in different sizes being the corresponding to 1808 the largest by far. The reason for the need to make imaginary portraits based on paintings from the Kingdom of Spain is none other than the Napoleonic invasion. The portraits of the monarchs arrived late to the colonies, which is why the portraits of Fernando VII were called until 1812 "Imaginarios". The portrait on which this bust was based was made in America by a local artist and that is why it is called Fernando VII the Inca or also known as bust of Indian.

Real de a ocho -Master mint Assayers

Other, Idem Assayer, Lima 1823 Over mint of PERU LIBRE

Master mint Assayers

Idem 1819

Master mint Assayers
Master of Mint Assayers

Related Post

Victorinox Store

Victorinox Store
Victorinox Store

Latino América: como Comprar en Amazon  

Buscadores Especializados en Amazon

La manera mas practica de  Comprar en Amazon  

Amazon a la Hora de hacer un pedido on-line, es uno de los mejores sitios. Tienen variedad y precio, además de un sistema de entrega por correo muy bueno. También tiene política de devoluciones muy aceptable y practica.

Para el caso de Latino América se pueden elegir entre estos tres sitios de Amazon (AMZ)

Amazon USA    

Amazon UK ( Gran Bretaña) 

Amazon España

A simple vista parece que conviene utilizar el sitio AMZ España. pero resulta que por variedad y precios convienen los otros dos. Primero AMZ USA y Luego AMZ UK, en ese orden. Hay quienes dicen que comprando en España la mercadería llega mas rápido. Eso realmente no lo podemos corroborar, después de consultar con varios usuarios.

Read More

Ancient Collectible Coins: Spanish Pillar Dollar

Spanish Pillar Dollar: Influence on American Currencies

A collaboration of Marty Martinez

Spanish Origin of Sign $

The beliefs of the fifteenth century included, among other things, the absolute danger of sailing past the Pillars of Hercules. Thus they were called at that time two promontories located in the Strait of Gibraltar: Mount Calpe to the north (Gibraltar) and the Rock of Abila to the south (Ceuta).

This was the obligatory passage of the mare nostrum (the Mediterranean) to the greater and unknown part of the enormous Atlantic Ocean. And according to the mythology of Antiquity, the colossal Hercules would have written in both columns the lapidary warning. Nec plus ultra “not beyond” (ie: do not trespass).

Spanish Pillar Dollar: Influence on American Currencies - Bank Tennessee 50

Read More